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Effective Delivery. Unit 2. Discussion Starter . How can a podium be a potential advantage or disadvantage? . Manuscript Method. Speech is written out word for word and then delivered from a lectern, or a stand used to hold papers. Speaker primarily reads the speech.

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Discussion starter
Discussion Starter

  • How can a podium be a potential advantage or disadvantage?

Manuscript method
Manuscript Method

  • Speech is written out word for word and then delivered from a lectern, or a stand used to hold papers.

  • Speaker primarily reads the speech.

  • Political figures often use this type of delivery

Manuscript method1
Manuscript Method

  • Pros

    • Speaker less likely to make mistakes in content of speech

    • Speaker should have ample time to deliver speech

    • Speaker can feel more comfortable with audience

  • Cons

    • Lose touch with audience due to concentrating on papers

    • Lack of eye contact makes your speech unavailable

Manuscript method2
Manuscript Method

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UV1fs8lAbg

Memorized method
Memorized Method

  • Every word of the speech is memorized.

  • No notes are used

Memorized method1
Memorized Method

  • Pros

    • Eye contact will help keep audience engaged

  • Cons

    • If you forget a word while giving the speech, you can become tense

    • Message can come across as dishonest

Memorized method2
Memorized Method

  • https://www.ted.com/talks/rita_pierson_every_kid_needs_a_champion#t-5637

Discussion starter1
Discussion Starter

  • How do repeated words and phrases such as “like” “and a” and “you know” hurt a speakers credibility?

  • Why could this make a speaker lose confidence?

Extemporaneous method
Extemporaneous Method

  • You don’t write out your speech word for word, nor do you have it memorized.

  • Free to choose words on the spot, but can use a notecard to outline ideas.

  • In speech, we are given 30 mins to prepare

Extemporaneous method1
Extemporaneous Method

  • Pros

    • You can be natural and yourself

    • You can look at audience to gage reactions, and if need be, are able to do some adjusting to your speech

    • Body is allowed to become a part of the communication process

  • Cons

    • You may flub up your fluency or forget to say something you wanted to say

Extemporaneous method2
Extemporaneous Method

  • (See NFL DVD of champions for visual example)

Impromptu method
Impromptu Method

  • “Not rehearsed”

  • Speaking spontaneously for a short time

  • You must have a quick mind

  • Requires little preparation

Impromptu method1
Impromptu Method

  • Pros

    • Allows you to be yourself

    • Can be impressive to your audience

  • Cons

    • Could lose your train of thought

    • Appear disorganized

    • Could appear to have inadequate vocabulary

    • Potential for dead space

Impromptu method2
Impromptu Method

  • (See NFL DVD of champions for visual example)

Section 2
Section 2

Using your voice

Discussion starter2
Discussion Starter

  • What are some of the reasons speakers often speak too quickly when they get in front of an audience?

  • What might a rapid rate do to a speaker’s confidence level?

  • What should someone do if they notice that they are speaking too rapidly?

Respiratory system voice
Respiratory System & Voice

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2lRhe_Fc04

Continued discussion
Continued Discussion

  • Think of a celebrity that has a very distinctive voice. Is the voice distinctive because of the rate, pitch, volume or articulation? If the celebrity were to modify her/his voice, would she/he still be famous?

Morgan freeman
Morgan Freeman

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFxKt1sexVc

  • Homeless guy goes famous

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rPFvLUWkzs


  • The speed at which we speak

  • When speakers speak too rapidly, the audience doesn’t have time to fully understand what is being said.

  • Speaker could also run out of breath when speaking too fast.


Gilmore girls
Gilmore Girls!!!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FiyiZXCtHGc


  • The vocal notes you hit while speaking- the highs and lows of your voice.

  • Make sure to vary your pitch so you don’t bore your audience or sound monotone (using the same rate and pitch)

Let s speak whale
Let’s Speak Whale!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJGeeryk0Eo


  • The loudness or softness of your voice

  • Picture yourself in these situations:

    • Seated next to a friend at a rock concert

    • Seated next to a friend before the morning announcements at school

    • Seated next to a friend at the library

    • Seated in a small conference room before a staff meeting


  • (enunciation) the crispness, the distinctness, with which we say the syllables in a word.

  • The jaw, the lips and the tongue are known as the main articulators.

Poor articulation
Poor articulation

  • “Whataya gonna do d’night?”

  • “Didjasee’mdoot?”

  • “Doyawanna talk teronaphone?”

  • What are you going to do tonight?

  • Did you see him do it?

  • Do you want to talk to her on the phone?

Just you wait henry higgins
Just you wait Henry Higgins!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttzV1YoU0uI


  • Saying the sounds of a word properly and stressing the correct syllable.

  • Nothing can destroy a good speech or interview more quickly than a mispronounced word.

Hip hop anonymous

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KnbL56_S9rQ

Section 3
Section 3

Using your body

Discussion starter3
Discussion Starter

  • Which image shows bodies being used most effectively to convey a positive message?

Power pose
Power Pose!

  • https://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are

Platform movement
Platform Movement

  • Walking or stepping in a purposeful manner from one spot to another while speaking.


  • What sometimes happens during a speech or presentation if you start thinking about your platform movement too much?

  • Why do you think that walking and talking is so difficult for some people?

Platform movement what not to do
Platform Movement- What not to do

  • Don’t pace back and forth

  • Don’t wander or take strolls from spot to spot with no purpose

  • Don’t avoid movement because your are afraid you will look silly

Platform movement when should i move do s
Platform Movement- When should I move? “Do’s”

  • Move when going from one section of your speech to another

  • Start your speech in the front & center, you should also end here

  • Movement is also good when you’re changing your emotional appeal

  • Finally, move if it feels right to you, sometimes the rules don’t apply.


  • Why is it especially important for the inexperienced speaker to know how exactly many steps he or she is going to take?

  • Why should the movement be primarily centralized?

How do i move
How do I move?

  • Move in a comfortable and relaxed manner, leading with the leg in the direction you are moving

  • Move toward the audience, but don’t make the angle too extreme

  • Know how many steps you are going to take beforehand: 1,3 or 5 step method is easiest.

Discussion starter4
Discussion Starter

  • Think of a time you watched a speaker who used gestures that didn’t appeal to you as an audience.

  • Why do you think it affected you in that way? (What does finger pointing suggest to you?)


  • Actions in which the body or parts of the body move to express an idea or emotion.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-3ywrgCA-1I

Discussion starter5
Discussion Starter

  • How can awkward gestures take away from a speaker’s credibility and ability to share his or her message?

  • What do awkward gestures sometimes communicate to the audience about the speaker and his or her level of nervousness?

Learn the gesture zone
Learn the Gesture Zone

  • The gesture zone is an imaginary box in front of you

Learn to lift and lay your hands
Learn to “Lift and Lay” your hands

  • (see common errors in book)

  • Lift your arms and hands so that they move comfortably up and out

  • Then, lay your hands at the end of a gesture as if you were laying them on an imaginary ledge or table.

Practice the string idea
Practice the string idea

  • It is as though your body is connected by a series of strings that react to one another

  • The idea is a good way to remind yourself to keep the upper portion of your body actively involved when gesturing.

Recalling the facts
Recalling the facts

  • The term given for taking steps and moving from one spot to another is_____________ ___________?

Recalling the facts1
Recalling the facts

  • You can control your hands when you are gesturing by being aware of the ____________ ____________?

Recalling the facts2
Recalling the Facts

  • You should involve your entire body when you gesture. The ____________ test is a method of showing you how your head and shoulders should be an active extension of arm gestures.

Section 4
Section 4

Using your face

Discussion starter6
Discussion Starter

  • Why is a genuine smile the best sales tool?

  • Why should you be thinking about selling something while you are making a speech or presentation?

The importance of the face
The Importance of The Face

  • Determines whether you are believed or not.

  • Your face can show your listeners how you feel about your material and how you feel about yourself as a speaker.

  • If your face doesn’t “sell it” your audience doesn’t “buy it”

Discussion starter7
Discussion Starter

  • Why do you think that many speakers have tunnel vision and look only at those people in the middle of the room and near the front during a speech or presentation?

The eyes
The eyes

  • Make meaningful eye contact

  • Look at each person for a # of seconds before moving on to a different person in the audience.

  • Don’t have a stare down contest or stand too close.

  • Make your audience feel you are interested in each and every one of them.

The eyes cont
The eyes cont.

  • Don’t forget to make eye contact with people with the far sides of the audience.

  • Make eye contact with people not things. This will make a positive impression.

Audience feedback
Audience Feedback

  • Good eye contact with your audience will help you figure out how the audience is reacting to what you’re saying.

  • Are they fidgeting in their chairs? Do they appear irritated? Are they smiling and nodding their heads? Are they leaning toward you or away from you? Are they avoiding eye contact? Do they look confused?

Making your overall delivery the best
Making your overall delivery the best!

  • Importance of your voice

  • Importance of your body

  • Importance of your face.

Recalling the facts3
Recalling the facts

  • What is sustained eye contact?

  • What are three eye contact strategies that can help you communicate nonverbally with your audience?

  • Why does a good speaker always have to be aware of audience feedback?