Magnetic Field due to a Current-Carrying Wire Physics Mrs. Coyle
Magnetic Fields of Long Current-Carrying Wires B = mo I 2p r I = current through the wire (Amps) r = distance from the wire (m) mo = permeability of free space = 4p x 10-7 T m / A B = magnetic field strength (Tesla) I
Example 1 • What is the magnitude of the magnetic field created by a 0.25A current at a distance of 50cm from the wire? • Answer: 1x10-7 Tesla
Magnetic Field of a Current Carrying Wire • http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/mfwire.htm
Magnetic Field in the Center of a Current-Carrying Loop (Ring) B = mo I 2r
Note • The overall shape of the magnetic field of the circular loop is similar to the magnetic field of a bar magnet.
Magnetic Field at Center of a SolenoidB = mo NIL N: Number of turns L: Length n=N/L ------------------------L----------------
Force of Attraction Between Two Long Current-Carrying Wires F= mo I1 I2 L 2p d d : distance between wires I : current L: length of wire
Note • If the wires have currents in opposite directions, the wires repel each other.
Example 2 • What is the force of attraction felt by two 4m long current-carrying wires carrying currents of 2A and 3A, that are 60cm from each other? • Answer: 8x10-6 N