Do Now 2/5/16 Some of you have been asked this before, now is your chance to elaborate! • If you could have lunch with anyone from history, who would it be and why? • List three questions you would ask them.
Some Key Ideas/Innovations (no you don’t need to write these down) • The Convoy System -Submarine Warfare • Mechanized Warfare -Tanks and planes introduced • The Selective Service Act -Soldiers drafted into war • Trench Warfare
Why did Germany Quit? • Kaiser William II is forced to abdicate • Abdicate: to renounce or relinquish a throne, especially in a formal manner:
Germany was seeking an armistice and calls for a revolution • Large number of Germans, including the military wanted the Kaiser Wilhelm II to abdicate
After the war President Wilson had a plan for peace called The Fourteen Points
1. No more secret treaties. 2. Maintain freedom of the seas. 3. Lower tariffs to foster free trade. 4. Reduce arms to a level consistent with domestic safety 5. Countries should consider the needs of their colonies. 6. Create a League of Nations. Forum for solving problems What were some of Wilson’s Fourteen Points?
What did the Treaty of Versailles call for? • Created 9 new countries from land that once belonged to Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. • Gave the Ottoman Empire to France and England. • Demilitarized Germany • No air force • Small Army- 100,000 • Tiny Navy • Reparations- Germany had to pay $33 Billion
The Treaty of Versailles, cont. • War Guilt Clause • Germany had to assume all responsibility for the war. • Other Weaknesses • Humiliated Germany • Ignored the new government in USSR/Russia • Created global instability Removed Colonial holdings of Germany -US Senate doesn’t allow US to join League of Nations