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TEC Writing: An Introduction. Adapted from the Jane Shaffer Writing Program. Why TEC?. TEC stands for THESIS EVIDENCE COMMENTARY The TEC model is the basic formula for writing an academic paper.

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tec writing an introduction

TEC Writing: An Introduction

Adapted from the Jane Shaffer Writing Program

why tec
Why TEC?
  • TEC stands for
    • THESIS
    • EVIDENCE
    • COMMENTARY
  • The TEC model is the basic formula for writing an academic paper.
  • We will use the TEC structure to organize our thoughts and opinions about the literature that we read this year.
what is a thesis
What is a THESIS?
  • A thesis is a statement that offers an opinion about a subject or something to prove about a subject.
    • Subject + Opinion
    • Subject + Something to Prove
thesis cont
THESIS, cont.
  • For example, here is a writing prompt about a well-known fairy tale:
    • Describe the queen’s attitude about herself in the fairy tale “Snow White.”
  • A THESIS statement will answer that prompt:
    • In the fairy tale “Snow White,” the queen is vain.
  • What is the subject of the thesis?
  • What is the opinion word?
what is evidence
What is EVIDENCE?
  • The evidence sentence offers an example that supports the THESIS statement.
  • This evidence, or CONCRETE DETAIL, is a specific example from the text that proves the opinion offered by the THESIS.
  • The evidence sentence contains a TRANSITION, CONTEXTUAL LEAD-IN, and CONCRETE DETAIL.
    • Trans + CLI + CD
    • Or, TLC!
evidence cont
EVIDENCE, cont.
  • Here is an example of an evidence sentence that proves our thesis about the queen in Snow White:
    • THESIS: In the fairy tale “Snow White,” the queen is vain.
    • EVIDENCE: For example, when she wakes up every morning, the queen looks into her magic mirror and asks, “Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who’s the fairest of them all?”
  • Where is the transition in this sentence?
  • Where is the CLI (contextual lead-in)?
  • Where is the concrete detail?
commentary
COMMENTARY
  • A commentary sentence explains why the EVIDENCE supports the opinion given in the THESIS.
  • It further explains the thinking behind your example.
commentary cont
COMMENTARY, cont.
  • Here is an example:
  • THESIS: In the fairy tale “Snow White,” the queen is vain.
  • EVIDENCE: For example, when she wakes up every morning, the queen looks into her magic mirror and asks, “Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who’s the fairest of them all?”
  • COMMENTARY: Looking in the mirror daily and praising her own beauty is self-centered.
  • COMMENTARY: The queen is more concerned about her own appearance than anything else in her life.
a few notes about tec writing
A Few Notes about TEC Writing
  • The ratio of evidence to commentary is always 1:2 (one evidence and 2 commentary sentences)
  • In TEC Writing, never use:
    • “I” “me” or “my”
    • “you”
    • “this shows” or “this proves”
teccc chunk
TECCC “Chunk”
  • We will add a conclusion sentence to finish out the body paragraph chunk:
  • Sentence #1 –Thesis Statement (TS)
  • Sentence #2 – Evidence (CD)
  • Sentence #3 – Commentary (CM)
  • Sentence #4 – Commentary (CM)
  • Sentence#5 – Concluding Sentence
let s try a few
Let's Try a Few. . .
  • Analyze the setting in “The Most Dangerous Game” and how it adds to the overall meaning of the story.
  • Discuss how Mme. Loisel changes throughout the course of “The Necklace.”