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Effective Project Planning, Community Capacity Building, & Partnership Development in Indian Country. LT Bradley Sherer Environmental Engineer Indian Health Service Albuquerque Area Office Office of Environmental Health & Engineering Sanitation Facilities Construction. Topics.

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effective project planning community capacity building partnership development in indian country

Effective Project Planning, Community Capacity Building, & Partnership Development in Indian Country

LT Bradley Sherer

Environmental Engineer

Indian Health Service

Albuquerque Area Office

Office of Environmental Health & Engineering

Sanitation Facilities Construction

topics
Topics
  • Project Planning – Implementation of the PMPro model
  • Analysis of Filtration Technology – Meeting the needs of a rural Indian community
  • Community Capacity Building – Methods used to equip the community with knowledge of project planning
  • Strengthening Relationships Between IHS/Tribe/EPA
background history
Background & History
  • Mescalero Apache Tribe, New Mexico
    • 2006: Two water systems that utilize fresh water springs were classified by EPA as Groundwater Under the Influence of Surface Water
    • 2010: Order on Consent Issued – EPA wanted compliance within 18 months
    • IHS & Tribe partnered to develop and implement a plan to identify solutions to meeting the EPA requirements
project planning
Project Planning
  • Current IHS Sanitation Facilities Construction Project Management Guideline
    • Project Development
      • Identify Project – Who, What, Where, When, Why?
      • Identify Planning Activities – What needs to be done, what information is needed?
    • Planning & Design
      • Execute Planning Activities – Data collection
      • Report of Findings – Engineering Report (used for design)
    • Construction Documents
    • Construction
    • Close-out
project development
Project Development
  • Identify Project – New Water Source or Treatment Technology
  • Identify Planning Activities – Alternatives Analysis Report
    • Groundwater
      • Characteristics of Current Groundwater, Formations, etc.
      • Hydrogeologic Study – Preliminary Siting of New Well
    • Filtration
      • Conventional vs. Alternative
      • Current Water Quality
  • Objective of the Alternatives Analysis – Clearly present all options to the Tribe so they can make a well informed choice on meeting compliance
  • Tribe Submitted Project Development to EPA
2 planning design
2. Planning & Design
  • Execute Planning Activities
    • Data Collection
    • Prepare Alternatives Analysis Report
    • Seek input from stakeholders – Tribe & EPA
    • Identify potential risks and how to mitigate
    • Obtain chosen alternative from Tribe
  • Report of Findings – Finalized Alternatives Analysis Report
regulatory framework
Regulatory Framework
  • Surface Water Treatment Rule (1989):
    • MCLG of zero for girardia, viruses, & Legionella
    • National Primary Drinking Water Regulations for PWSs using groundwater under the direct influence of surface water (GWUDI)
      • 99.9% (3-log) removal of girardia, 99.99% (4-log) removal of viruses
      • Definition of GWUDI – shifts in turbidity, temperature, conductivity, pH that correlate with climate conditions
      • Approved Technology: Conventional/direct filtration, slow sand, diatomaceous earth, and “other” filtration technologies
regulatory framework1
Regulatory Framework
  • Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule:
    • Cryptosporidium
    • Bin Classification System
  • Filter Backwash Rule – reporting, treatment, and record keeping requirements for the recycling of spent filter backwash
  • Bin 1: 99.9% (3-log) removal of girardia and 99.99% (4-log) removal of viruses combined with disinfection
analysis of filtration
Analysis of Filtration

Immediate Compliance

  • Direct Filtration: coagulation and filtration, excludes sedimentation
  • Conventional Filtration: coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation
  • Diatomaceous Earth Filtration: precoat filter media on a support filter media
  • Slow Sand Filtration: <0.4 m/hr
  • Alternative Filtration: membrane (micro, ultra, nano, ro), bag, cartridge, bank

Contingent Compliance

alternative filtration
Alternative Filtration
  • Immediately disregarded – not immediate compliance, pilot testing required
  • Section 141.73 (b) of NPDWR – Approval of alternative filtration with the following:
    • Combined with disinfection
    • Demonstration to the State using pilot & integrity testing
    • 99.9% removal and/or inactivation of Giardia
    • 99.99% removal and/or inactivation of viruses
    • 99% removal of Cryptosporidium
    • The State approves the use of the filtration technology
alternative filtration1
Alternative Filtration
  • EPA agreed compliance with the following exceptions:
    • Role of the “state” would be Region 6
    • Challenge test documents forwarded to them
    • Pre-filters installed
results
Results
  • Groundwater option chosen
  • Final Report Published - EPA funded the project to drill wells
  • IHS funding infrastructure & capital improvements
  • Application to another GWUDI system
    • Tribe working more independently to scope planning projects
      • Results in other funding sources
    • EPA working more closely/directly with Tribe
    • Limited role of IHS
    • Application to ISWMP