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Festivals. Objectives. By the end of this presentation learners will be able to Know about the cultural and religious festivals. Religion. Definition : The belief in and worship of a God or any such system of belief and worship. From Oxford Advance learner dictionary.

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    1. Festivals

    2. Objectives • By the end of this presentation learners will be able to • Know about the cultural and religious festivals

    3. Religion Definition : The belief in and worship of a God or any such system of belief and worship. From Oxford Advance learner dictionary. Belief in, worship of, or obedience to a supernatural power or powers considered to be divine or to have control of human destiny. From Collins English dictionary.

    4. Culture • Definition: • The way of life, especially the general customs, of a particular group of people at a particular time.

    5. Cont…. The total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action. From Collins English dictionary. The total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group. From Collins English dictionary.

    6. Festival Definition A festival is an event, usually and ordinarily staged by a local community, which centers on and celebrates some unique aspect of that community . A special day or period, usually in memory of a religious event, with its own social activities, food or ceremonies. From Oxford Advance learner dictionary.

    7. Function Festivals serve to meet specific needs and entertainment. These celebration offer a sense of belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups. Modern festivals focus on cultural or ethnic groups. In past times, festivals were times to transfer certain knowledge to the next generation. Historic feasts often provided a means for unity among families and people.

    8. Types of festivals Here are numerous types of festivals in the world. Religious festival Seasonal festival Cultural festival Historical festival

    9. Seasonal festivals Seasonal festivals are determined by the solar cycle and it's effects on food. Ancient Egyptians would celebrate the seasonal flood caused by the Nile River, a form of irrigation, which provided fertile land for crops. In the Alps, in autumn the return of the cattle from the mountain pastures to the stables in the valley is celebrated as Almabtrieb.

    10. Seasonal festivals Bassant With the advent of spring Basant Festival is celebrated with pomp and show in mid February every year in Lahore. In other words this is the spring festival.

    11. Religious festival Muslims celebrate two Eid according to Islamic calendar . Eid-ul-Fitar Eid-ul- Azha Nauroze:  (21-23 March)  Celebrated only in Gilgit, Hunza, Skardu and Chitral.

    12. cont…. • Eid-ul-Fitr:  Religious festival celebrating end of fasting month on 1st of Shawwal, the 10th month of Islamic  Calendar. Special prayer after sun-rise, exchange of sweet dishes, visits. • Eid-ul-Azha :  Religious festival commemorating the great sacrifice offered by Prophet Abraham. Celebrated on 10 Zilhaj, 12th month of Islamic Calendar. Sacrifice of  goats, sheep, cows or camels and distribution of meat among relatives, friends and poor.

    13. Religious festival Blessing for the whole universe Muslims do commemorate the birth anniversary of the Holy Prophet, which falls on 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal of the Islamic lunar calendar

    14. cont A quiet festival There are only restricted festivities on Eid Milad-Un-Nabi because the same day also marks the anniversary of the death of the Prophet. Eid Milad-Un-Nabi is focused upon the character of the Prophet; on his teachings, sufferings, and how he forgave even his most bitter enemies.

    15. Historical festival Pakistan Day :   (23 March)  Commemorating the anniversary of Pakistan Resolution passed on March 23, 1940. Military parade at provincial capitals and Islamabad.

    16. Defense of Pakistan Day:   (06 September) Parades and exhibitions of military equipment at Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi. Visits to the war memorials. (No national holiday except Armed Forces) Air force Day:  (07 September) Display of latest aircraft of Pakistan Air force and air shows at Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta. 

    17. Birthday of Allama Muhammad Iqbal: .(09 November)  National Poet. • Birth Anniversary  of Quaid-e-Azam : (25 December )

    18. Cultural festival Shandur Polo Festival Traditional polo tournament between the teams of Chitral and Gilgit is being held on the highest polo ground of the world - The Shandur Pass (Chitral district). Allied activities include fold music, folk dances and other competitions. A tent village along Shandur Lake will be set up in cooperation with the local administration.

    19. Cont…. Sibi Festival: (Last week of February) At Sibi (Balochistan). Traditional sports, handicrafts exhibition, folk music and dances. 

    20. Thankyou