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Chapter 3 Fundamentals of the Shot

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Chapter 3 Fundamentals of the Shot. Objectives. Understand the difference between scenes and shots. Visualize a scene in terms of framing, angles, and movement.  Understand illustrating camera and character movement. What Is a Scene?.

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  • Understand the difference between scenes and shots.
  • Visualize a scene in terms of framing, angles, and movement.
  •  Understand illustrating camera and character movement.
what is a scene
What Is a Scene?
  • A combination of shots that shoes the action that takes place in one location or setting
what is a shot
What Is a Shot?
  • A continuous view filmed from one perspective
shot descriptions
Shot Descriptions
  • Camera framing
    • How close or far a subject is from the camera
  • Camera angles
    • Angling of the camera from which you view the subject.
  •  Camera movement
    • The movement of the camera forward, backward, left, right, up, and down
camera framing
Camera Framing
  • Extreme long shot
  • Long shot
  • Full shot
  • Medium shot
  • Close-up shot
extreme long shot
Extreme Long Shot
  • Establishes the location or setting
    • Example: Western landscape
long shot
Long Shot
  • Shows the location, characters, and action
    • Example: soccer field and its players
full shot
Full Shot
  • Frames the entire height of a person, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom
medium shot
Medium Shot
  • Frames an individual from either the waist up, or from the knees showing the audience just enough to feel as if they are looking at the whole subject
close up shot
Close-up Shot
  • Shows a character from the shoulders to the top of the head
camera angles
Camera Angles
  • High-angle shot
  • Low-angle shot
  • Eye-level shot
  • Bird’s eye view
  • Canted shot
  • Tilt Shot
  • Three-quarter shot
  • Over-the-shoulder shot
high angle shot
High-angle Shot
  • A camera placed higher than the subject (not directly overhead) and tilted downward
low angle shot
Low-angle Shot
  • A camera placed lower than the subject and tilted upward
eye level shot
Eye-level Shot
  • The camera is positioned at eye-level with a character.
bird s eye view
Bird’s Eye View
  • The camera is positioned directly overhead of the action
canted shot
Canted Shot
  • The camera is tilted so that the subject appears to be diagonal and off-balance.
tilt shot
Tilt Shot
  • A fixed camera that moves on it vertical axis, tilting up or down
three quarter shot
Three-quarter Shot
  • Positions the camera between a frontal angle and a profile shot.
over the shoulder shot
Over-the-shoulder Shot
  • Positions the camera over the shoulder of one character, revealing part of the backside of their head and shoulders in the foreground, and focuses on the character facing the camera in the background
camera movement
Camera Movement
  • Pan shot
  • Crane shot
  • Dolly shot
  • Tracking shot
  • Zoom
  • Zolly shot
pan shot
Pan Shot
  • A fixed camera pivots on its axis turning from left to right for the purpose of following the action within a shot
crane shot
Crane Shot
  • A camera positioned on a crane can swoop down or up covering great distances and producing unusual camera angles.
dolly shot
Dolly Shot
  • The camera moves toward a subject (dolly-in) or away from a subject (dolly-out).
tracking shot
Tracking Shot
  • The camera tracks alongside of the object or person.
zoom shot
Zoom Shot
  • Camera stays stationary as the focal length of a lens zooms in or out.
    • Framing gets ‘tighter’ if the camera zooms in.
    • Framing gets ‘looser’ if the camera zooms out.
zolly shot
Zolly Shot
  • A dolly shot in combination with a zoom
  • A storyboard artist must understand the difference between a shot and a scene.
  • Shots are blocked according to camera framing, angles, and movement.
  • Camera framing is based on the distance from the subject to the character.
  • Camera angles add dynamism to a frame and often grab the audience’s attention.