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Commentaries--Exodus. Childs, OTL (1974) Hyatt, NCB (1971) Fretheim, Interpretation (1991) Brueggemann, New Interpreter’s Bible (1994) Durham, Word (1987). 4QExod a. Qumran text from ca 100 BCE LXX 3rd c BCE Masoretic Text 100 CE Position of “And Joseph was in Egypt.”

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commentaries exodus
Commentaries--Exodus
  • Childs, OTL (1974)
  • Hyatt, NCB (1971)
  • Fretheim, Interpretation (1991)
  • Brueggemann, New Interpreter’s Bible (1994)
  • Durham, Word (1987)
4qexod a
4QExod a
  • Qumran text from ca 100 BCE
  • LXX 3rd c BCE
  • Masoretic Text 100 CE
  • Position of “And Joseph was in Egypt.”
  • 70 vs 75 (Ephraim, Soutalaam-Edem, Taam; Manasseh, Machir-Galaad)
outline of book
Outline of Book
  • 1:1-19:2 Deliverance from Egypt; arrival at Sinai [Israel stays until Num 10:10!]
  • 19-24; 32-34 Covenant--its breach and renewal
  • 25-31; 35-40 Tabernacle
exodus and creation
Exodus and…Creation!
  • All the earth is mine
  • my name shall be declared throughout the earth 9:16
  • God works also through non-human agents
  • the tabernacle as microcosm of creation
the call of moses in je in midian
The Call of Moses in JE (in Midian)
  • Who is this God?
  • Who am I?
  • People will not believe
  • I have never been eloquent
  • Send someone else!
the reassurances of yahweh
The Reassurances of Yahweh
  • Revelation of “Yahweh”
  • I will be with you
  • Three signs: rod-snake; leprous hand; water-blood
  • I will be with your mouth
  • Aaron selected
meaning of the name yahweh
Meaning of the Name Yahweh
  • “I am who I am”
  • “He causes to be” = “he creates”: “El who creates the heavenly armies”? (El du Yahwi seba’ot; Yahweh for short)
  • In the event of the Exodus we learned God’s name
  • Yahweh--LORD--Jehovah--Pipi!
exod 4 24 26
Exod 4:24-26
  • Yahweh sought to kill him!
  • Role of Moses
  • Role of Zipporah
  • You are a “bridegroom of blood”
  • Jubilees: Prince Mastema sought to kill him!
the call of moses in p in egypt
The Call of Moses in P (in Egypt)
  • God--El Shadday--Yahweh
  • I will remember my covenant (cf. 2:24)
  • I will redeem you
  • the land of Canaan in which they were sojourning
  • Ties to Genesis 17!
exod 6 gen 17
Exod 6/Gen 17
  • Yahweh/El Shadday
  • They were fruitful and multiplied (1:7)/I will make you fruitful….
  • I established my covenant/I will establish….
  • “I will be God--in the Exodus”/”I will be God--in land promise”
  • Canaan-land of sojourning
genealogy of aaron
Genealogy of Aaron!
  • Purpose of this genealogy--tension with context, namely, call of Moses
  • Aaron-Eleazar-Phinehas = high priests
  • Ithamar ancestor of Levites
  • Number of names are Egyptian: Moses, Aaron, Putiel, Phinehas
ad