Nicos Sifakis Hellenic Open University. ELF can help us raise interesting questions. .
ELF can help us raise interesting questions...
“Without US leadership, it would have been difficult or impossible for other nations to slash their barriers and open their markets. Such widespread opening has contributed to the best half-century of world economic growth at least since the time of Christ, and probably ever.”
(Bradford et al., 2006: 893)
“So just as ‘the business of America is business’, manifestly English for business is business for English.”
(Phillipson, 2001: 190-1)
English as an International Language
English as an Intercultural Language
English as a Lingua Franca
Lingua franca: “languages usually used by people whose mother tongues are different with a purpose of simplifying communication between them” (UNESCO, 1953)
WHOSEEnglish we teach
WHATEnglish we teach
Combinations of the above?
Confidence vs. Competence:
(1) FOREIGN LANGUAGE
(3) INTERNATIONAL (ELF/EIL)
(4) MULTICULTURAL (MATE) orientation: Multicultural awareness through English
Going beyond the coursebook