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Africa Adaptation Programme. Programme Overview Presentation By Ian Rector, Programme Manager Damascus, Syria September, 2010. African Adaptation Programme. Funded by Government of Japan - $92m Duration 2009 – 2011 20 African Countries (includes Morocco and Tunisia in RBAS)

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africa adaptation programme

Africa Adaptation Programme

Programme Overview Presentation


Ian Rector, Programme Manager

Damascus, Syria

September, 2010

Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

african adaptation programme
African Adaptation Programme
  • Funded by Government of Japan - $92m
  • Duration 2009 – 2011
  • 20 African Countries (includes Morocco and Tunisia in RBAS)
  • Not a traditional adaptation project – strategic focus establishing foundations for long term action
  • UN Partnerships UNICEF, UNIDO and WFP in 4 countries
  • Country driven and regionally supported –good balance

Africa Adaptation Programme

  • Overall Programme Objectives
  • Enhancing the adaptive capacity of vulnerable countries to climate change and disaster risks within the context of sustainable development
  • Promoting early adaptation through evidence-based solutions and initiatives for action
  • Laying the foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change and other threats across the African continent

20 Countries

Burkina Faso
















Sao Tome and Principe




programme outcomes
Programme Outcomes

In approaching this goal, Country Projects

Have been designed to achieve a….

Strengthening long term planning to enable countries to manage both existing and future risks associated with climate change and other causes

Building effective leadership and institutional frameworks for enhanced coordination and cohesion of programmes

Supporting the piloting of adaptation initiatives in the field

Identifying a range of financing options for sustained adaptation

Building knowledge management systems and promoting information sharing.

Planned activities to ensure that inter-

regional expertise and capacity development

Is provided to 20 countries including.....

  • Advice and assistance relating to enhanced Government policy-making and planning in this field
  • Support for leadership development and institutional reform as well as enabling individual development
  • Encouraging exposure to world best practice and data
  • Support in finding innovative funding options
  • Creation of region-wide databases and learning opportunities
rbas countries
  • Morocco and Tunisia
  • Strategic overview not technical presentation – follow up if more details required
  • National focus with specific pilot areas for piloting adaptation initiatives
morocco and tunisia aap projects
Morocco and Tunisia AAP projects
  • Morocco
    • Focus:climateproofing of territorial development and water management in Oases areas
    • Budget: 4 920 000 US$ (Japan : 2 975 000 US$ ; Government : 1 945 000 US$)
  • Tunisia:
    • Focus:climate-resilientcoastal zone development
    • Budget: 2 975 000 US$ (Japan : 2 975 000 US$ ; Government : tbc)
supporting morocco some examples
Supporting MoroccoSome Examples
  • Establishing information database on CC impact scenarios
  • Creating tools for managing water resources
  • Establishing mechanisms for monitoring, tracking and reporting on observed climate changes
  • Mainstreaming CC into decentralized regional planning
  • Advocacy Plan for social mobilization
  • Capacity development and institutional strengthening – people and technology skills
project areas morocco
Project areas: Morocco
  • Western Oases region (Souss-Massa-Drâa, and Tata);
  • Oases of the Ziz valley (Errachidia, My Ali Cherif, Tinjdad, Goulmima) ;
aap morocco
AAP – Morocco
  • Current status
    • Project officially launched in April 2010
    • Several activities initiated:
      • Assessment of V&A and development of Territorial Adaptation Strategies for the Oases region using downscaling techniques and adaptation DSSs
      • Mainstreaming of CCA/DRR into local development plans programmes
      • Establishment of an EWS against flood and droughts risks
      • Implementation of two pilot adaptive water management systems
      • Support to CBA activities in water and agriculture
      • CB and awareness-raising activities aimed at key stakeholders of different levels
    • One complementary initiative being developed under the Adaptation Fund
supporting tunisia some examples
Supporting TunisiaSome examples
  • Strengthening forecasting and monitoring of CC impacts at national level
  • Developing adaptation decision making tools for coastal zone management
  • Strengthening institutional systems , capacity development and improving collaboration across agencies
  • Mainstreaming CCA into development land use planning
  • Exploring opportunities for innovative finance
  • Awareness raising

Cap Bon

Project areas: Tunisia

aap tunisia
AAP – Tunisia
  • Current status
    • Project officially launched in February 2010
    • Several activities initiated:
      • Development of a National Adaptation Strategy for the Coastal Developement Sector
      • Formulation of a pilot climate-resilient ICZM and Shoreline Management Plans in the Cap Bon area
      • Development of a GIS-based SLR risk assessment and mapping tool
      • Implementation of ecosystem-based and soft coastal adaptation models in demonstration sites
      • Testing of technologies for the re-use of treated water for the artificial recharge of coastal groundwater
      • Communication activities (TV clips and knowledge products)
    • Two complementary initiatives being developed under the Adaptation Fund
aap north africa
AAP – North Africa
  • Added-value
      • Offers a country-driven, meaningful and flexible response to un-addressed national CCA priorities
      • Provides a critical-mass of support and strong incentives to develop adaptive institutional frameworks and new collaboration modalities (‘’Enabling environment’’)
      • Promotes a strategic shift from ‘’stand-alone’’, opportunistic and scattered interventions to a more territorial, integrated and bottom-up approach to CCA
      • Acts as a ‘’catalyst’’ for leveraging additional funding and initiatives and provides a platform for building national /sub-national adaptation coalitions (‘’multiplier effects’’)
      • Contributes to strengthen Regional and South-South Cooperation
aap north africa1
AAP – North Africa
  • Challenges
    • Mobilization of international expertise and transfer of best practices, including lessons from UNDP CCA/DRR global and regional portfolios
    • Linking climate change risks with development challenges requires specific analytical skills and demands rapid deployment of appropriate capacities and tools at all levels
    • Need for greater horizontal integration to reduce policy conflicts and more effectively address the adaptation deficit and maladaptive processes
    • DRR interventions in the short term require to be properly articulated with CCA to ensure adaptation effectiveness and avoid maladaptation in the longer term
    • Need to adopt an adaptive management style and to engage in “social learning” to deal with inherent uncertainty regarding long-term climate change
    • Going beyond a “technical quick fix” by catalysing a broad societal process and accelerating changes in policies and practices , particularly in water management
aap north africa2
AAP North Africa

Opportunities for all:

For Countries – strengthening sectoral capacities, improving leadership, coordination, information sharing and maximizing ownership

For UN and other Regional Agencies: collaboration, leveraging and more focused support to address country needs

For UNDP: Opportunity to refocus all practice teams toward one integrated programme of support

aap conceptual approach

AAP Conceptual Approach

Slide 1: A national framework for mainstreaming CC/DRR and Gender within development strategies. It poses the question – When does climate change become a development issue? Most countries cannot afford to create dual systems and, the don’t have to.

Slide 2: Adaptation or development strategies – what will work best? It depends on the coping and adaptive capacity gap.



Climate Change


Climate Change


Social and Gender Inclusion Mainstreaming


Temp Variation

R/Fall Variation

Sea Level rise



Economic and Social Systems

Eco Systems

Critical infrastructure

Natural Hazards



Risk Database



Cross cutting Inputs (examples):

Knowledge Management

Information Management

Capacity Development

Advocacy and awareness-raising

Policy and Planning

Sector wide planning and development

Impact Analysis

Economic and Development Planning

Disaster Management/DRR

Early warning systems

Preparedness Planning


Relief and Recovery Management

Poverty Reduction and MDG Goals

Lessons learned feedback loop

adaptation or development
Adaptation or Development??

Africa Adaptation Programme

  • This slide demonstrates that in some cases the gap between existing coping capacity and existing/future risk may be so great that only long term development strategies may have an impact on reducing risk and vulnerability. Conversely, repeated disasters can erode coping capacity and extend the gap.

CC Future Risk Predictions

Predicted Adaptation Gap

Existing Risk Levels

Existing Adaptation Gap

Existing adaptive/coping capacity

Eroded Capacity