The Structure & Function of DNA, RNA, and protein. Protein Synthesis. Big Picture of Protein Synthesis. Protein synthesis = making a protein. Function of DNA. D eoxyribo n ucleic A cid Sequence of molecules that are the instructions for making proteins (which give us our phenotypes!).
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The Structure & Function of DNA, RNA, and protein. Protein Synthesis
Big Picture of Protein Synthesis • Protein synthesis = making a protein
Function of DNA • Deoxyribonucleic Acid • Sequence of molecules that are the instructions for making proteins (which give us our phenotypes!)
Shape of DNA • Double helix = 2 coiled strands • Anti-parallel to each other • One strand goes up and one goes down • Bases held together by hydrogen bonds
Function of RNA • Ribonucleic Acid • Copy of DNA which is decoded to make protein
Shape of RNA • Single helix = 1 coiled strand
Function of Protein • Help with chemical reactions in body • Gives organisms their phenotypes • Builds muscles • Repairs damaged tissue • Fight off infections in body
Structure of Protein • Chain of amino acids