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Parapsychology. Putting ESP to Experimental Test. Why do they Study?. Unsatisfied hunger for mystery or wonderment Experiencing something magical Founding US Parapsychologist were searching for a scientific explanation for the meaning of life & life after death

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Parapsychology

Parapsychology

Putting ESP to Experimental Test


Why do they study
Why do they Study?

  • Unsatisfied hunger for mystery or wonderment

  • Experiencing something magical

    • Founding US Parapsychologist were searching for a scientific explanation for the meaning of life & life after death

    • Mostly because they lost their religious faith

Russia after the fall of the USSR many people became aware of the unexplained

& ESP. Scientist believed they were

Compensating for the psychological discomfort of the time


Keep an open mind
Keep an Open Mind

  • Some things we assume to be true

    • Life after death

    • The existence of god

    • The reality of another’s love

  • Retain a humble sense of wonder regarding life’s un-testable mysteries


Skepticism
Skepticism

  • Parapsychologist are those people who choose to study paranormal phenomena

  • They put this phenomena to the experimental test is hope of proving that ESP exists

  • The biggest reason why people questions it is validity.

If people have this ability why

Don’t more of them win the Lottery!


Experiments with esp
Experiments with ESP

  • Despite many claims of proven experiments a reproducible ESP phenomenon has never been discovered

    • No person has ever come forward who can convincingly demonstrate psychic ability

    • “the best available evidence does not support the contention that these phenomena exist”

      • National Research Council investigation of ESP

CIA did 10 yrs. & 10 mill. Spent on military studies of psychic spies their program was scrapped.


Scientific attitude on esp

Science answers to these claims is to test them to see if they are true & is it repeatable

Parapsychologist continue to attempt to prove just that

Daryl Bem & Charles Honorton came up with the ganzfeld procedure

Isolation of the sender the receiver in separate shielded chambers

11 studies

25% of the receivers accurately beat chance

32% was the margin that was significantly needed for proof

The question then becomes has a reliable way to test ESP been discovered

Scientific Attitude on ESP


Skepticism 2
Skepticism 2 they are true & is it repeatable

  • The procedure was tested again & others found that “it does not at present offer a replicable method for producing ESP in a laboratory.

  • Remember that scientific attitude involves skeptical but open minded scrutiny of competing ideas

    • Science is open to nature’s occasional surprises

Studies & Debate Cont.