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Parapsychology. Putting ESP to Experimental Test. Why do they Study?. Unsatisfied hunger for mystery or wonderment Experiencing something magical Founding US Parapsychologist were searching for a scientific explanation for the meaning of life & life after death

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parapsychology

Parapsychology

Putting ESP to Experimental Test

why do they study
Why do they Study?
  • Unsatisfied hunger for mystery or wonderment
  • Experiencing something magical
    • Founding US Parapsychologist were searching for a scientific explanation for the meaning of life & life after death
    • Mostly because they lost their religious faith

Russia after the fall of the USSR many people became aware of the unexplained

& ESP. Scientist believed they were

Compensating for the psychological discomfort of the time

keep an open mind
Keep an Open Mind
  • Some things we assume to be true
    • Life after death
    • The existence of god
    • The reality of another’s love
  • Retain a humble sense of wonder regarding life’s un-testable mysteries
skepticism
Skepticism
  • Parapsychologist are those people who choose to study paranormal phenomena
  • They put this phenomena to the experimental test is hope of proving that ESP exists
  • The biggest reason why people questions it is validity.

If people have this ability why

Don’t more of them win the Lottery!

experiments with esp
Experiments with ESP
  • Despite many claims of proven experiments a reproducible ESP phenomenon has never been discovered
    • No person has ever come forward who can convincingly demonstrate psychic ability
    • “the best available evidence does not support the contention that these phenomena exist”
      • National Research Council investigation of ESP

CIA did 10 yrs. & 10 mill. Spent on military studies of psychic spies their program was scrapped.

scientific attitude on esp
Science answers to these claims is to test them to see if they are true & is it repeatable

Parapsychologist continue to attempt to prove just that

Daryl Bem & Charles Honorton came up with the ganzfeld procedure

Isolation of the sender the receiver in separate shielded chambers

11 studies

25% of the receivers accurately beat chance

32% was the margin that was significantly needed for proof

The question then becomes has a reliable way to test ESP been discovered

Scientific Attitude on ESP
skepticism 2
Skepticism 2
  • The procedure was tested again & others found that “it does not at present offer a replicable method for producing ESP in a laboratory.
  • Remember that scientific attitude involves skeptical but open minded scrutiny of competing ideas
    • Science is open to nature’s occasional surprises

Studies & Debate Cont.