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Food Security: The Federal Safety Net. Mable Everette, DrPH, RD,FADA. EMPHASIS. Educational Resources Federal Food Programs Advocacy. Food Insecurity and Hunger .

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food security the federal safety net

Food Security: The Federal Safety Net

Mable Everette, DrPH, RD,FADA

  • Educational Resources
  • Federal Food Programs
  • Advocacy
food insecurity and hunger
Food Insecurity and Hunger

A series questions on the California Health Interview Survey(2003) were used to define food insecurity and hunger.Three(3) of these are included on the following slides.

food insecurity and hunger1
Food Insecurity and Hunger

The food that (I/we) bought just did not last, and (I/ we) did not have money to get more.

(a) often true

(b) sometimes true

(c) never true

food insecurity and hunger2
Food Insecurity and Hunger

I/we could not afford to eat balanced meals

(a) often true

(b) sometimes true

(c) never true

food insecurity and hunger3
Food Insecurity and Hunger

In the past 12 months, were you hungry but did not eat because you could not afford enough food?

(a) Yes

(b) No

vulnerable populations
Vulnerable Populations

The prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in California among vulnerable adult groups below 200% Poverty, California,2003.

  • Pregnant women (aged 18-44 yrs.)
  • HH=households w/children
  • SHH=single-headed household w/children
vulnerable populations1
Vulnerable Populations
  • Pregnant women-reported food insecurity=40.7%;hunger =16.1%
  • Households w/children reported food insecurity =38.3%; hunger =10.9%
  • Single-headed households w/children reported food insecurity=40.6%; hunger=14.8%

UCLA Health Policy Research Brief, June 2005


UC Cooperative Extension

Nutrition, Family and Consumer Sciences

  • Programs are offered to help low-income families acquire the knowledge and skills to make the necessary changes to improve their diets through good nutrition.

(see information in conference packet)


American Dietetic Association

Registered Dietitian (RD)

RDs are health care professionals who provide medical nutrition therapy and nutrition counseling.

american dietetic association
American Dietetic Association

Registered Dietitians :

  • Minimum of bachelors degree
  • Completion of an accredited training program in nutrition
  • Certification Requirement (Examination)
  • Continuing Education Requirement
local registered dietitians
Local Registered Dietitians

To find a Registered Dietitian in your area go to “Find Nutrition Professional” section of ADA’s web site

Or call 1-800-877-1600x 5000

nutrition education
Nutrition Education

Stretching Your $$$$$

  • To make the most of your food dollar, you need to:
  • Be aware of the foods your family is eating now
  • Know how much you are spending on food.
nutrition education1
Nutrition Education

Here are some tips to help when you shop for food:

  • Make a shopping list and follow it.
  • Compare stores. Discount food stores and national chains usually offer better prices.
  • Use local Farmers’ Markets in your area
  • Shop alone and only once a week.
  • Don’t shop when you’re hungry.
nutrition education2
Nutrition Education

Take time to:

  • plan meals,
  • plan a shopping list, and
  • plan a food budget!!

Source: Eating Healthy With Food Stamps


California Food Policy Advocates

Statewide nonprofit organization whose mission is to improve the health and well-being of low-income Californians by improving their access to nutritious and affordable food


California Hunger Action Coalition

CA Legislative Priorities for 2007 include:

1.Increase Food Stamp participation to improve the nutrition of low-income Californians.

2. Fund programs and partnerships to increase healthy food access for low-income Californians.

Los Angeles area |web address |hungeractionla. org

federal food safety net
Federal Food Safety Net

In reviewing the food programs, there is the need to focus on the underutilization:

  • identify ‘barriers’
  • propose solutions to increase utilization
  • implement /follow through with the proposed solutions for clients and the community.
expanding food for the family
Expanding Food for the Family
  • School Meals Programs

includes breakfast and lunch

-Breakfast (current status).

% eligible not served=44.9% in L.A County

( )

expanding food for the family1
Expanding Food for the Family

“Emergency Food Assistance”

  • Middleman between donors and hunger –relief agencies
  • Provide limited amount of food for a short term
  • Availability of nutritious food may be limited
emergency food assistance
Emergency Food Assistance
  • Which time of year is busiest for emergency food banks and shelters?
  • Late Spring when schools let out for the summer, children no longer have assess to the school breakfast and lunch.
expanding food for the family2
Expanding Food for the Family

Year Round Food Programs for Kids

  • Known as the “Summer Food Program”
  • Free and reduced priced meals and snacks available at schools, recreation programs, non-profit agencies

% eligible not served=71% in LA County


expanding food for the family3
Expanding Food for the Family

Food Stamps

% eligible not served=47% in LA County

( )

  • Debit card can be used at participating food stores
  • Debit Cards can be used by homeless, the elderly, or disabled at participating restaurants
food stamps
Food Stamps

Applications can be available at:

  • Department of Social Services
  • Schools
  • Community Centers
  • WIC Offices
expanding food for the family4
Expanding Food for the Family

Child Care Food Programs

Children up to age 12 in daycare settings

& Adult Food Programs-Impaired adults

% eligible not served =44.9% in LA County

( )

expanding food for the family5
Expanding Food for the Family

Women Infant and Children Program (WIC)

  • Low income women & children up to age 5.
  • Vouchers for specific foods; nutrition education; and health care referrals

% eligible not served=3.9% in LA County

( )

what is advocacy
What is advocacy ?
  • “Advocacy just means ‘speaking up’
  • Making government work for you and your community
  • Influencing and shaping public policy
  • Issues not politics”

Matt Sharp, California Food Policy Advocates