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E-Land Administration and the privacy issues. By Simeão V. Cambaco ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit, Mozambique. Presentation outline:. Introduction Land administration commands ICT Policy EG Strategy Concerns in relation to privacy issues. The country, people and biodiversity.

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E-Land Administration and the privacy issues

By Simeão V. Cambaco

ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit,



Presentation outline:

  • Introduction
  • Land administration commands
  • ICT Policy
  • EG Strategy
  • Concerns in relation to privacy issues

Land administration commands :

  • 1975 Constitution- State ownership of land;
  • 1979- First Land Law;
  • 1987- Regulations of the 1979 Land Law;
    • - Structural Adjustment Programme;
  • 1990- New Constitution approved:
  • - maintains State ownership of land;
  • - Introduces multiparty democracy system;
  • 1995- National Land Policy approved, with the following main points:

Some National Land Policy points:

  • Restore food production levels so as to attain food security;
  • Being land their principal resource, create conditions for family sector agriculture to have guaranteed access to it so as to develop and grow, both in terms of volume and productivity;
  • Promote private investment using land and other natural resources in a sustainable and productive way, without prejudice to local interests;
  • Conserve areas of ecological interest and manage natural resources in a sustainable way, in order to assure the quality of life of future generations;
  • Review the taxation system so as to be as a function of occupation and use of land and hence contribute to the public revenues.

1997- New Land Law passed by Parliament

  • To whom can land rights be awarded?:
  • To any citizen, either a national or foreigner;
  • to companies, on a 50 year lease basis, through a formal application to Government;
  • to communities; and
  • individuals by bona fide occupation, ie, occupation for, at least 10 years.

1998: Land Law Regulations approved

  • Provide details of how the law has to be implemented, including definitions of various terms, eg:
  • Expiry of provisional authorization
  • Extinction of land use and benefit rights
  • Period for renewal of 50 year lease

1998- Land Law Regulations approved (cont’d)

  • National Cadastral Database shall contain data to:
  • Know the economic and legal status of the land;
  • Know the type of occupancy, use and benefit as well as an evaluation of soil fertility, forestry areas, water, fauna and flora reserves, mineral occurrences and areas for tourism;
  • Organise efficiently land utilisation, protection and conservation;
  • Determine the appropriate regions for specialised production.
2000 technical annex
2000: Technical Annex

Provide guidelines on how to carry out various cadastral processes, such as:

  • Community land delimitation;
  • Delimitation of bona fide occupation land;
  • Demarcation of various occupation types for the purpose of title issue
2000 ict policy approved
2000: ICT Policy approved
  • Contribute to reducing absolute poverty and improve the lives of the Mozambican people;
  • Contribute to fight against illiteracy and accelerate human resources development;
  • Provide the Mozambican people with a universal access to information and world-wide knowledge;
  • Raise the effectiveness and efficiency of public and private sector services;
  • Improve governance and public administration;
  • Create a legal and business environments favourable to the production and dissemination of ICT’s; and
  • Make Mozambique an active and competitive partner in the Global Information Society and the world economy”.
2004 land application handling system
2004: Land Application Handling System
  • First steps in computerization of cadastral records, and connection to a spatial database, using the LAHS (Land Application Handling System) package



Provincial Configuration

Oracle 9i

VB Application Installed

PC User


Server - Client

PC User

PC User

data entry




Data capture

  • LAHS 2. ArcGIS (DGPS-OmniSTAR)

Oracle 4. ArcSDE

lims caracteristics and objectives
LIMS caracteristics and objectives:
  • LIMS is an implementation of e-Land Registration and Land Information Management through digitizing all cadastral records in Mozambique
  • Web based
  • It has a common database, unlike LAHS
  • It is to support effective and efficient policy and decision-making concerning allocation of land and associated natural resources
  • It is a means of land resource inventory;
  • It is delivered via GovNet, a Government internal network


Client Browser

Client Browser

Client Browser

Client Browser


LIMS Architecture

National Configuration

Client Browsers


Web Application

Web Server

Oracle 9i

govnet national telecommunication platform network
GovNet: National Telecommunication Platform Network





Ilha de Moçambique











SPGC(Provincial Cadastral Office)




Provincial Capital


Submarine Fibre Optic


Inland Fibre Optic


hertziane Digital

2006 electronic government strategy approved
2006: Electronic Government Strategy approved
  • Main objectives:
  • To improve the efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public services;
  • To ensure transparency and accountability of Government;
  • To provide access to information to improve business and make citizens easier.
main concerns for e land administration
Main concerns for e-Land Administration
  • LIMS allows everybody, with the necessary permission to view the system to query it;
  • The system can be queried by name of applicant or rights holder, by location of land parcels, by the file number;
  • Contributes to greater transparency;
  • When database full populated, there will be need to go to the relevant office to get information or forms
  • Other Government departments will use for their own activities
main concerns for e land administration cont d
Main concerns for e-Land Administration (cont’d)

Disadvantages/ concerns:

  • There is no data protection legislation in the country;
  • The database holds personal information;
  • It can display all land parcels belonging to the same person and the amount of fees/taxes/rents due;
  • It exposes certain Mozambican elites;


A draft Law on Electronic Transactions has been made and under public discussion.

Contains one article on electronic data protection

Thank you

Merci beaucoup