Care of the Muslim Patient Rebecca Minor, Aida Mansoor, Ann Minor November 19, 2013 The Connecticut Charter Oak Chapter of HPNA Hospice & Palliative Nurses Association
Special Education teacher in Farmington • Born in Bristol • UConn RA • Converted to Islam 5 years ago • MCCT • Berlin mosque
62% of Americans have never met a Muslim
There are… • 1.7 billion Muslims on earth – this is 1 out of every 4 people. • Approximately 7 million Muslims in the U.S. • 100,000 Muslims in the state of CT. The chances of caring for a Muslim in the hospital are increasing.
The Holy Quran The word of God revealed through the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhamad (pbuh). It was revealed over a period of 23 years. Today,1400 years later, it remains unchanged, still in its original Arabic language. • The word of God revealed through the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhamad (pbuh). • Today,1400 years later, it remains unchanged, still in its original Arabic language. • It was revealed over a period of 23 years.
The Hadith Words and traditions of the prophet Muhamad (pbuh)~ peace and blessings be upon him “The merciful bestows mercy to those who are merciful. Therefore show mercy to those on earth and the One in heaven will show mercy on you.”
Allah • Arabic word that means “the One God”. • The term Allah cannot be pluralized or gendered.
Salaam Assalaamu Alaikum Peace Be Unto You Wa Alaikum Assalam And Upon You Be Peace
Islam • Arabic word • Means peace and submission to the will of God (Allah). • Those who follow Islam are called Muslims.
The 3 major religions are followers of the prophet, Abraham. These religions are monotheistic – all believe in the same, one God.
Muslim • A Muslim is one who follows the way of Islam. • A Muslim submits to the will of God so that they can live in peace.
Mosque / Masjid A place where Muslims worship God.
Adhan Islamic call to worship recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day.
EID Muslims have 2 festivals: • One at the end of the month of Ramadan. • The other at the time of the Hajj pilgrimage.
1. God The word for God in Arabic is Allah. Christians and Jews living in Arabic speaking countries also use the word Allah when referring to God.
2. Angels In Islam, Gabriel is considered one of the four archangels whom God sent with his divine message to various prophets, including the last prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Adam • Noah • Abraham • Lot • Ishmael • Isaac • Jacob • Joseph • Job • Aaron • Moses • David • Solomon • Elijah • Jonah • Zechariah • John the Baptist • Jesus • Muhamad 3. Prophets A prophet in Islam is a male human, from the sons of Adam; who received revelation from God in the form of Divine instructions.
4. Holy Books Revealed to:In: Taurah Moses Hebrew ZaboorDavid Hebrew Injeel Jesus Aramaic Qur’an MuhammadArabic
5. Day of Judgment 6. Good vs. Bad 7. Life after Death Paradise or Hell
1. Declaration of Faith • When someone becomes Muslim he or she states the Shahadah: “La ilahail Allah, Muhammad-ur-Rasool-Allah” • As a person says the Shahadah they bear witness that there is one God and that the prophet Muhamad is the last Messenger of God.
2. Prayer - Salah • Pray five times a day • Prayer rug • Ablution – washing before prayer • Jum’ah – Friday prayer
3. Charity - Zakat • All things belong to God, therefore wealth is held by human beings in trust. • “Purification” and “Growth”. Possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need. This cutting back balances and encourages new growth (wealth). • 2.5% of ones income and wealth.
4. Fasting - Saum Fasting helps to purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice. Ramadan • No food, drink or intimate relations from dawn until sunset for approximately 30 days. • The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. • Ramadan 2014~ June 28-July 27
5. Pilgrimage - Hajj • Mecca – Saudi Arabia • 5 days • Once in a lifetime • 4 million people perform the Hajj annually • Hajj 2014 ~ Oct. 1-6
Muslim Chaplain at HH and SFH • Born in Englandas a Muslim • Studied at Kings College in London • Graduate of the Hartford Seminary • President of MCCT • Berlin Mosque
Take the time to know your patient The Muslim population in the U.S. is very diverse. Cultural background may influence the way they respond to illness and other life crises.
Illness During illness, Muslims are expected to: • Seek God’s help with patience and prayer; • Increase remembrance of God to obtain peace; • Ask for forgiveness; • Give more in charity and; • Read or listen to more of the Qur’an.
Patients, especially those who are terminally ill, are encouraged by family members to recite the Shahadah as it reaffirms ones connection with God.
Death The Qur’an emphasizes that death is only a transition from this existence to a future life. • “Every living creature will die one day”. • “They (true believers) say: To God we belong and to Him is our return.”
Healthy Body The prophet Muhammad taught that maintaining a healthy body is an individual’s duty. “Taking proper care of one’s health is the right of the body.”
Seeking Treatment The sayings of the Prophet encourage patients to seek proper treatments in the time of illness: • “There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also created its remedy.” • The prophet not only instructed sick people to take medicine, but he himself invited expert physicians for this purpose.”
“Modesty and faith are joined closely together and if one is lost, the other goes as well.”
Women • Hajib • Loose, non-revealing clothes. • Some women may be clothed from head to toe with the exception of the face.
Men Men should be covered from the waist to the knees.
Touching • Shaking hands • Same gender nurse and doctor
Dietary Restrictions • Halal • Pork • Gelatin • Alcohol • Shellfish
Fasting • The month of Ramadan • Allowed exceptions: • The sick, the old, the young • Menstruating women • Pregnant women, nursing women • Travelers