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Wildland Fire Accident Investigation. Objectives. Understand Accident investigation Process for Wildland Fire List Additional Requirements for Investigating Fire Accidents Determine Technical Specialists Unique to Fire Accident Investigations. Objectives.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Wildland Fire

Accident Investigation

slide2

Objectives

  • Understand Accident investigation
  • Process for Wildland Fire
  • List Additional Requirements for
  • Investigating Fire Accidents
  • Determine Technical Specialists Unique to
  • Fire Accident Investigations
slide3

Objectives

  • Understand the Importance of Firefighter
  • Autopsy Protocol
  • Understand the importance of PPE collection and examination for Wildland Fire Investigations
  • Identify the Types of Document Evidence
  • that Should be Collected for Wildland/RX
  • Fire Investigations
introduction

Wildland Fire Investigations

Introduction

  • RX Fire Investigations
  • Lowden Ranch (BLM)
  • Cerro Grande (NPS)
  • Sawtooth (BIA)
introduction1

Investigations

    • Fire Entrapments
    • Shelter Deployments
    • Injuries or Fatalities
    • Loss of Property or Damage
  • Involve agency personnel, cooperators, contractors, and casual employees.

Introduction

department of interior

Department of Interior

Bureau DASHO(s) have delegated authority to Fire Directors at NIFC for wildland/RX fire serious accident investigations including:

Entrapments/Shelter Deployments

Fatalities/Multiple Serious Injuries

Substantial Loss of Property

Incidents with Potential and/or

Non-Serious Injury

forest service

Forest Service

Wildland/RX fire accidents or entrapments are Chief’s Office level investigations which may be delegated to the Region by the DASHO.

memorandum of understanding

Memorandum of Understanding

Department of Agriculture

Department of Interior

(Handout 9-1)

memorandum of understanding1

Memorandum of Understanding

MOU Addresses

Co-lead investigations

Agency lead investigations

Report time frames

Team training and qualifications

other policy

Other Policy

Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire

Aviation Operations - Red Book

Provides supplemental policy and

references for the BLM, NPS, USFWS, &

USFS.

Wildland Fire and Aviation Program

Management and Operations Guide

BIA - Blue Book

investigation categories

Investigation Categories

Serious Wildland Fire Accidents

One or More Fatalities

3 or More Hospitalized from Incident

Property or Equipment Damage > $250,000

DASHO Judges a SAI is Warranted

Non-Serious Wildland Fire Accidents

Near-Miss

Entrapment

Fire Shelter Deployment

unit responsibilities

Unit Responsibilities

Complete Wildland Fire

Entrapment/Fatality Report (PMS

405-1), Exhibit 5-2

Complete 24 hour report

Submit to National Interagency

Coordination Center (NICC)

within 24 hours.

team organization

Team Organization

Wildland Fire Serious

Accident Investigation Team

includes the same positions

as other investigations.

SAIT will be composed of fire

and non fire personnel

team organization1

Team Organization

Technical Specialists

Fire Management Officer

Fire Operations Expert

Fire Behavior Analyst

Fire Weather Meteorologist

Fire Safety Officer

Fire Equipment Specialist

Other?

visits to incident

Visits to Incident

Visits to Incident Command Post

Requirements for Personal

Protective Equipment (PPE)

Lace-up boots with traction soles

Long trousers

Long sleeve shirt

Agency Uniform is Acceptable

visits to fire line

Visits to Fire Line

Advance notification shall be given

to the Incident Commander or

delegated representative prior to

travel to fireline.

IC will assign a liaison to SAIT to

ensure coordination takes place.

SAI members must maintain

communication with fireline

supervisor in area they are located.

visits to fire line1

Visits to Fire Line

SAI Teams will need specific PPE and

basic training as required by NWCG.

Required PPE

8-inch high, lace-type leather boots

Aramid shirt & trousers

Hard hat with chinstrap

Leather gloves

Fire shelter (new generation Jan 2010)

visits to fire line2

Visits to Fire Line

Non-Escorted

Physical fitness level of “light”

Must have adequate communications

and radio training

Annual Fireline Safety Refresher

Training

Completed the following training:

Introduction to Fire Behavior (S-190)

Firefighter training (S-130)

visits to fire line3

Visits to Fire Line

Escorted Visits

All non-incident, non-agency, visitors lacking above

training and physical requirements must be escorted

while on the fire line.

Must receive training in proper use of PPE

Must be able to walk in mountainous terrain and be in

good physical condition with no limiting physical

conditions

Escorts must be minimally qualified at the Single

Resource Boss.

Any deviation from this requirement must be approved

by the IC.

helicopter flights
Helicopter Flights
  • All passengers need a briefing
  • Need qualified HECM on board to

load/unload at site

  • Required PPE
      • Flight helmet
      • Leather boots
      • Fire resistant clothing
      • Leather gloves/Flight gloves
accident site activities

Accident Site Activities

Investigators should examine PPE involved in

the wildland/prescribed fire accident.

Did Firefighter(s) use full PPE?

Did Firefighter(s) remove any of PPE or use it

improperly?

Were Fire Shelters used?

What Procedures were used?

Analysis of PPE should be inspected for

compliance with agency policies.

accident site activities1

Accident Site Activities

Clothing and equipment subjected to radiant heat or direct flame should be compared with industry examples to show temperature ranges in the deployment, entrapment, or fatality.

Assessing PPE – Exhibit 5-3

accident site activities2

Accident Site Activities

Order an Equipment Specialist from

the Missoula Technology and

Development Center (MTDC)

Request through agency Fire &

Aviation Safety Manager

Wildland Fire Fatality and

Entrapment Report (Exhibit 9-2)

documentation

Documentation

Dispatch Logs & Recordings

Unit Logs

Incident Action Plans

Agency Land Use Plans

Fire Management Plans

Prescribed Burn Plans

Contingency Plans (if applicable)

Risk Assessments/Job Hazard Analysis

Documentation of work/rest guidelines

documentation1

Documentation

Approved Wildland Fire Decision Support

System Plan (WFDSS)

Weather & Fire Behavior Forecasts

Training and Qualifications

Complexity Analysis and Risk Assessment

Documented NWGG Risk Management

Process/LCES Analysis (ICS-215A)

Incident Organizer (Type 3/4/5 incidents)

autopsy protocol

Autopsy Protocol

U.S Fire Administration Firefighter Autopsy

Protocols

Ensure Medical Examiner/Coroner is provided

with these for use

Also posted on NIFC Accident Investigation

Resources page

http://www.nifc.gov/safety/accident_resources.htm

practical exercise

Practical Exercise

Fire Fatality Video

3 questions

What Technical Specialists are needed?

What types of evidence would you need to

collect?

What team members need to visit the fatality

site and what actions need to be taken to

ensure their site visit safety?

slide28

Objectives

  • Understand Accident investigation
  • Process for Wildland Fire
  • List Additional Requirements for
  • Investigating Fire Accidents
  • Determine Technical Specialists Unique to
  • Fire Accident Investigations
slide29

Objectives

  • Understand the Importance of Firefighter
  • Autopsy Protocol
  • Understand the importance of PPE collection and examination for Wildland Fire investigations
  • Identify the Types of Document Evidence
  • that Should be Collected for Wildland/RX
  • Fire Investigations