Wildland Fire Accident Investigation. Objectives. Understand Accident investigation Process for Wildland Fire List Additional Requirements for Investigating Fire Accidents Determine Technical Specialists Unique to Fire Accident Investigations. Objectives.
Bureau DASHO(s) have delegated authority to Fire Directors at NIFC for wildland/RX fire serious accident investigations including:
Fatalities/Multiple Serious Injuries
Substantial Loss of Property
Incidents with Potential and/or
Wildland/RX fire accidents or entrapments are Chief’s Office level investigations which may be delegated to the Region by the DASHO.
Department of Agriculture
Department of Interior
Agency lead investigations
Report time frames
Team training and qualifications
Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire
Aviation Operations - Red Book
Provides supplemental policy and
references for the BLM, NPS, USFWS, &
Wildland Fire and Aviation Program
Management and Operations Guide
BIA - Blue Book
Serious Wildland Fire Accidents
One or More Fatalities
3 or More Hospitalized from Incident
Property or Equipment Damage > $250,000
DASHO Judges a SAI is Warranted
Non-Serious Wildland Fire Accidents
Fire Shelter Deployment
Complete Wildland Fire
Entrapment/Fatality Report (PMS
405-1), Exhibit 5-2
Complete 24 hour report
Submit to National Interagency
Coordination Center (NICC)
within 24 hours.
Wildland Fire Serious
Accident Investigation Team
includes the same positions
as other investigations.
SAIT will be composed of fire
and non fire personnel
Fire Management Officer
Fire Operations Expert
Fire Behavior Analyst
Fire Weather Meteorologist
Fire Safety Officer
Fire Equipment Specialist
Visits to Incident Command Post
Requirements for Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE)
Lace-up boots with traction soles
Long sleeve shirt
Agency Uniform is Acceptable
Advance notification shall be given
to the Incident Commander or
delegated representative prior to
travel to fireline.
IC will assign a liaison to SAIT to
ensure coordination takes place.
SAI members must maintain
communication with fireline
supervisor in area they are located.
SAI Teams will need specific PPE and
basic training as required by NWCG.
8-inch high, lace-type leather boots
Aramid shirt & trousers
Hard hat with chinstrap
Fire shelter (new generation Jan 2010)
Physical fitness level of “light”
Must have adequate communications
and radio training
Annual Fireline Safety Refresher
Completed the following training:
Introduction to Fire Behavior (S-190)
Firefighter training (S-130)
All non-incident, non-agency, visitors lacking above
training and physical requirements must be escorted
while on the fire line.
Must receive training in proper use of PPE
Must be able to walk in mountainous terrain and be in
good physical condition with no limiting physical
Escorts must be minimally qualified at the Single
Any deviation from this requirement must be approved
by the IC.
load/unload at site
Investigators should examine PPE involved in
the wildland/prescribed fire accident.
Did Firefighter(s) use full PPE?
Did Firefighter(s) remove any of PPE or use it
Were Fire Shelters used?
What Procedures were used?
Analysis of PPE should be inspected for
compliance with agency policies.
Clothing and equipment subjected to radiant heat or direct flame should be compared with industry examples to show temperature ranges in the deployment, entrapment, or fatality.
Assessing PPE – Exhibit 5-3
Order an Equipment Specialist from
the Missoula Technology and
Development Center (MTDC)
Request through agency Fire &
Aviation Safety Manager
Wildland Fire Fatality and
Entrapment Report (Exhibit 9-2)
Dispatch Logs & Recordings
Incident Action Plans
Agency Land Use Plans
Fire Management Plans
Prescribed Burn Plans
Contingency Plans (if applicable)
Risk Assessments/Job Hazard Analysis
Documentation of work/rest guidelines
Approved Wildland Fire Decision Support
System Plan (WFDSS)
Weather & Fire Behavior Forecasts
Training and Qualifications
Complexity Analysis and Risk Assessment
Documented NWGG Risk Management
Process/LCES Analysis (ICS-215A)
Incident Organizer (Type 3/4/5 incidents)
U.S Fire Administration Firefighter Autopsy
Ensure Medical Examiner/Coroner is provided
with these for use
Also posted on NIFC Accident Investigation
Fire Fatality Video
What Technical Specialists are needed?
What types of evidence would you need to
What team members need to visit the fatality
site and what actions need to be taken to
ensure their site visit safety?