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Preaching the Bread of Life Discourse. 17 th – 21 st Sundays in Ordinary Time – Cycle B. Difficulty. 5 weeks on the Eucharist? Bored parishioners? Dense / Abstract Theology? Logistics?. Goals. Understand the context Develop a sustainable game plan

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preaching the bread of life discourse

Preaching the Bread of Life Discourse

17th – 21st Sundays in Ordinary Time – Cycle B

difficulty
Difficulty
  • 5 weeks on the Eucharist?
  • Bored parishioners?
  • Dense / Abstract Theology?
  • Logistics?
goals
Goals
  • Understand the context
  • Develop a sustainable game plan
  • Engage the parishioners in an organic and meaningful way
  • Openness to the Holy Spirit
hubble telescope view
Hubble Telescope View
  • Liturgical Year B
    • Gospel of Mark
      • 15th Sunday – Sending of the 12; Proclamation of the Good News
      • 16th Sunday – Good Shepherd
      • 17-21 – Bread of Life Discourse
      • 22nd Sunday – Obedience to God’s Law; Integrity vs. Hypocrisy; Source of Defilement
      • 23rd Sunday – Ephphatha!
eagle pun intended eye view
Eagle (pun intended) Eye View
  • John 6
  • In the Book of Signs
    • Contains the 4th and 5th sign (the fifth is omitted from readings)
    • Signs:
      • 1) Wedding Feast at Cana (2:1-12)
      • 2) Healing of Official’s Son (4:43-54)
      • 3) Healing of the Cripple (5:1-47)
      • 4) Feeding 5000 (6:1-15)
      • 5) Walking on Water (6:16-21)
      • 6) Healing the Blind Man (9:1-41)
      • 7) Resurrection of Lazarus
eagle eye view
Eagle Eye View
  • The Book of Signs
    • Witness of John / Calling of Disciples (1:19-51)
    • Inaugural Signs of Jesus’ Ministry (2:1-4:54)
    • Healing on the Sabbath (5:1-47)
    • The Bread of Life (6:1-71)
    • Feast of Tabernacles and the Sons of Abraham (7:1-8:59)
    • The Light of the World (9:1-41)
    • The Good Shepherd (10:1-42)
    • The Raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)
    • Triumphal Entry and the Rejection of Jesus (12:1-50)
eagle eye view1
Eagle Eye View
  • Before Chapter 6
    • Jesus has:
      • Identified himself as God’s only begotten son
      • He and the Father are in perfect harmony
      • He performs signs because that is what the Father sent Him to do
      • His signs are a witness to what He teaches
internal view
Internal View
  • Setting:
    • Passover Feast
      • Jesus is giving a greater meaning
    • Near Sea of Galilee, in it, and across it in Capernaum.
    • Capernaum
      • Centurion’s servant healed (Mt. 8:5-13)
      • Paralytic healed (Mk. 2:1-12)
      • Court official’s son healed (John 4:46-54)
      • Feeding of 5,000 (all four Gospels)
chapter structure
Chapter Structure
  • Feeding of 5,000 (1-15)
  • Walks on Sea (16-21)
  • Bread from Heaven (22-59)
    • Invitation to Faith (35-47 [50] )
    • Invitation to Eucharist (48 [51] -58)
  • Words of Eternal Life (59-71)
fundamental theological points
Fundamental Theological Points
  • Typology
  • Progressive Pedagogy
  • “Churchy” Words
  • Transubstantiation
  • Effects of Eucharist
  • Keep Cross at Center
  • Want more? See Fr. Soto’s notes on John 6.
structure of the lectionary
Structure of the Lectionary
  • See Handout…
  • What do you notice?
  • Left out:
    • Jn. 6:16-23 – Jesus Walks on the Sea
    • Jn. 6:36-40 – “I have come down from heaven”; will of the Father; see the Son, have Eternal Life”
    • Jn. 6:59 – indicates teaching is taking place in the synagogue
    • Jn. 6:70-71 – Jesus chose the 12, and one is a devil (Judas Iscariot)
sources
Sources
  • Notes on the Gospel of John – Fr. Randy Soto
  • New Testament Study Bible – Ignatius Press
  • Jerusalem Bible
  • Navarre Commentary
  • Eucharist Study Notes – Dr. Lawrence Feingold
  • The Sacred Page – Dr. John Bergsma
  • Modern Catholic Dictionary – Fr. John Hardon
  • Catholic Bible Dictionary – Dr. Scott Hahn
  • Divine Love Made Flesh – Cdnl. Burke
  • Blog – Msgr. Charles Pope
  • Podcast – Fr. Robert Barron
first weekend 17 ot b
First Weekend (17 OT B)
  • 2 Kgs. 4:42-44
    • Elisha feeding 100
  • Ps. 145:10-11, 15-16, 17-18
    • Creation Praises God
  • Eph. 4:1-6
    • Live the Christian Life in Unity
  • Jn. 6:1-15
    • Feeing of the 5000
first weekend
First Weekend
  • Set the Table!
  • Typology
    • Rubber hits the road
    • Meet hearer at his/her level
    • Draw them up!
  • Engage them with the plot
    • Leave ‘em wanting more
first weekend first reading
First Weekend – First Reading
  • 2 Kgs. 4:42-44
    • Elisha feeds 100 with 20 barley loaves
    • First Glance: obvious connection to feeding of 5000
    • Underneath the Hood: Eucharistic Themes
      • Elijah – Elisha || Baptist – Christ
      • Elisha – calling the Northern Tribes back to true worship
      • “Sons of the Prophets” -> Apostles -> Priests
first weekend responsorial psalm
First Weekend – Responsorial Psalm
  • Ps. 145:10-11, 15-16, 17-18
    • Creation praises God
    • First Glance: We look to God for our needs, and He supplies, so we thank Him.
    • Under the Hood:
      • One of the last six psalms – ‘unfettered praise’
      • Acrostic
      • God satisfies all our desires
        • What are our desires? What are we made for?
first weekend second reading
First Weekend – Second Reading
  • Ephesians 4:1-6
    • Live the Christian Life in Unity with the Church
    • First Glance: Live worthy of the call received; virtuously; for the sake of unity, in one body, one Spirit, one hope
    • Under the Hood:
      • Eucharist is the sign and sacrament of unity.
        • Unity founded on Truth
        • Sacrament not for everyone!
      • To ‘preserve’ requires an agent of preservation.
        • Someone to resolve disputes. -> Il Papa! -> He must be infallible
first weekend gospel
First Weekend - Gospel
  • John 6:1-15
  • Feeding of the 5,000
  • First Glance:
    • Miraculous feeding of 5,000 by Jesus with just a few loaves and fisheses.
    • Jesus runs away from being made an earthly king.
  • Under the Hood
    • Feeding of 5,000 and the Last Supper both took place during Passover.
    • The 5,000 and the Apostles ‘reclined’ (same Greek word)
first weekend gospel1
First Weekend - Gospel
  • Under the Hood - …Continued
    • Explicit mention of grass… why?
      • Reference to Ps. 23, where there is also a reclining.
    • Also on a mountain
      • Ezek. 34, “I will feed them with good pasture, and upon the mountain heights of Israel shall be their pasture; there they shall lie down in good grazing land, and on fat pasture they shall feed on the mountains of Israel.”
    • Took… Gave thanks… distributed… reclining…
      • Parallel the Last Supper
    • Have their fill -> ‘whole Christ’ in the Eucharist
first weekend gospel2
First Weekend - Gospel
  • Under the Hood… Continued:
    • “Gather fragments left over, so nothing will be wasted.”
      • Care for every particle of the Eucharist
      • Theological care for every soul
    • Tried to make him king by force.
      • Jesus is not king of this world -> Christ the King
        • Nourishing aspect of Eucharist is not for this world
    • Belief in Eucharist
      • Test of Philip – “where can we get enough food for them to eat?”
first weekend the homily
First Weekend – The Homily
  • Ideas?
    • How to use these readings to prepare for the next four weeks?
    • How to tease the hearer to be interested in a sustained way