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Making History, Building Futures: Women of the 21 st Century. Presentation to the South Asia Regional Forum on Women and Local Governance Presented by: Joan Lougheed July 2004. Burlington. About Burlington. Population – 159,400 Projected Population by 2016 – 184,500

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Making History, Building Futures:

Women of the 21st Century

Presentation to the South Asia Regional Forum on Women and Local Governance

Presented by: Joan Lougheed

July 2004

about burlington
About Burlington
  • Population – 159,400
  • Projected Population by 2016 – 184,500
  • Private Residences – 61,110
  • Labour Force – 85,305
  • Average Family Income - $76,881 CDN
  • Average New Home Cost - $331,369 CDN
  • Annual Property Taxes - $2,729 CDN
  • $1.00 = 90 Takas
my background
My Background
  • Registered nurse
  • Entrepreneur
  • Elected official since
  • 1991
the fcm connection
The FCM Connection
  • Currently a board member
  • Chair of the Municipal Infrastructure Committee
  • Chair of the Women’s Committee
  • Governing Council for National Guide for Municipal Best Practices
challenges facing canada s infrastructure
No $$$

Infrequent inspection and maintenance

Inconsistent management

Substandard design or installation

Challenges facing Canada’s infrastructure
the solution to the problem
The solution to the problem
  • Solution is not simply money
  • Changes are necessary to how we plan, design and manage infrastructure
fcm what it is and who it represents
FCM – What it is and who it represents
  • Mission :
  • The Federation of Canadian Municipalities
  • (FCM) has been the national voice of municipal
  • Government since 1901. FCM is dedicated to
  • improving the quality of life in all communities
  • by promoting strong, effective and accountable
  • municipal government.
  • Today FCM represents 1,000 municipalities
the logo
The Logo

The maple tree with well-developed roots and a network of veins symbolizes the position of importance of municipal government to Canada’s national fabric.

history of fcm
History of FCM
  • Began as the Union of Canadian Municipalities, UCM
  • UCM was formed to advocate for and on behalf of municipalities with utility companies
  • Today FCM’s advocacy role includes advocating the federal government on policy and national decision-making
fcm committees today
Race Relations

International Programs

Economic Development

National Transportation

Municipal Infrastructure


Future Role of Municipal Government

Municipal Aboriginal Relations

Municipal Finance

Social Infrastructure

Community Safety and Crime Prevention

FCM Committees Today
the women s committee 5 years of progress
The Women’s Committee – 5 Years of Progress
  • Informal gathering of volunteer FCM Board members
  • Taskforce
  • Committee with formal recognitions and reporting privileges to the FCM Board
what we have accomplished
What we have accomplished…
  • AGM - Forum on women’s issues
  • Committee with standing but NOT a standing committee
  • Mentoring
  • Annual Scholarship
  • Campaign School
making history building futures women of the 21 st century
Making History, Building Futures: Women of the 21st Century
  • Status of Women Project – to identify barriers to women being involved in municipal decision-making processes
  • A partnership between the Status of Women
  • Canada and municipalities across the country
purpose of the project
Purpose of the project
  • To evaluate the decision-making environment and its impact on women
desired outcomes
Desired outcomes
  • Increase the participation of women in the decision-making process
  • Increase the number of women in elected office
  • Establish national and local partnerships
research methodology
Research methodology
  • One to one interviews of 400 men and women from across the country
  • Surveys
  • Community based women’s organizations in six municipalities from across the country representing:
      • Large and small urban centres
      • Rural and remote communities





Thunder Bay


  • - Canadian women who married non
  • Canadians, no longer lost their citizenship
  • 1951
  • - Charlotte Whitton was elected Mayor
  • of the City of Ottawa, the first woman mayor
  • of a large Canadian city
  • - Ontario puts equal pay legislation into effect
  • Women are still fighting for this right in the workplace
  • 1954
  • - Women’s Bureau of the Federal Department Of Labour is created
women s right to vote in canada
1916 – Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan

1917 – British Columbia, Ontario

1918 – Nova Scotia

1919 – New Brunswick

1922 – Prince Edward Island

1925 – Newfoundland for women aged 25 or over

1940 – Quebec

Women’s right to vote in Canada

1960 – Aboriginal native women receive right to vote

barriers to women s participation
Barriers to women’s participation
  • Municipalities and women’s networks do not have established working relationships.
  • Municipalities do not reach out to involve women in the consultation process.
  • Lack of practical supports for women i.e.
  • childcare, transportation
barriers continued
Barriers continued…
  • 4. Not enough information is available to women about municipal services.
  • 5. Lack of support from the municipality for more inclusive policies and practices.
summary of research findings
Summary of research findings
  • Canada is losing ground with countries around the world
  • - Only 21.7% of elected positions are held by women
  • -Worldwide, Canada ranks 37th of 181 countries
1. Women who are marginalized because of race,poverty, immigration status face more serious systemic barriers & often do not vote.
  • 2. Women are actively involved in their communities, but may have given up
3. Municipalities, men and women and women’s groups agree there are benefits when women participate fully.
  • 4. Policies and practices for gender mainstreaming and inclusive participation are not commonly used in Canadian municipalities.
5. Leadership development and mentoring are needed to enhance participation.
  • 6. Municipalities and women’s organizations need tools, training and resources to increase women’s participation.
recommendations for next steps
Recommendations for next steps
  • Development of a national strategy to increase women’s participation in municipal processes.
next steps
Next Steps
  • National Responsibilities
  • Municipal Responsibilities
  • Local Citizen Responsibilities
thank you

Thank you.

Your Questions