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REPORTED SPEECH. Reported Speech. Reported speech : K alimat tidak langsung yang digunakan untuk melaporkan kembali ucapan-ucapan yang diucapkan oleh si pembicara dalam waktu yang berbeda . Reported speech disebut juga indirect speech . Example

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reported speech

REPORTED SPEECH

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

reported speech1
Reported Speech
  • Reported speech :
  • Kalimattidaklangsung yang digunakanuntukmelaporkankembaliucapan-ucapan yang diucapkanolehsipembicaradalamwaktu yang berbeda.
  • Reported speechdisebutjugaindirect speech.
  • Example
  • He said, “I will go to Surabaya tomorrow.”
  • He said that he would go to Surabaya the following day.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide3
In indirect speech, we use conjunction that, yang berarti “bahwa”.
  • If the main clause-is simple present, present perfect, or simple future, there is no change indirect speech
  • Contoh :
  • “I am very sorry.”
  • He will tell you that he is very sorry.
  • He says to you that he is very sorry.
  • He has told you that he is very sorry.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

change of tenses
Change of Tenses
  • Jikaindukkalimatlangsung (direct speech) dalambentukpast tense, makakalimattaklangsung (indirect speech) mengalamiperubahantensessebagaiberikut:
  • DIRECT INDIRECT
  • Simple present tense simple past tense
  • Present continuous tense past continuous tense
  • Present perfect tense past perfect tense
  • Present perfect continuous tense past perfect continuous tense
  • Simple past tense past perfect tense
  • Past continuous tense past perfect continuous tense

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide5
DIRECT INDIRECT
  • Past perfect tense past perfect tense
  • Past perfect continuous tense past perfect continuous tense
  • Simple future tense simple past future tense
  • Future continuous tense past future continuous tense
  • Future perfect tense past future perfect tense
  • Future perfect continuous tense past future perfect continuous tense

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

change of a uxilary verb
Change of Auxilaryverb
  • Am/is/are was/were
  • Will/shall would/should
  • Can could
  • May might
  • Have to/has to had to
  • Must had to

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

change of adverb
Change of Adverb
  • Now then
  • Today that day
  • Tonight that night
  • Tomorrow the following day / next day
  • Next week the following week
  • Last night the night before
  • A year ago a year before
  • Here there
  • This that
  • These those
  • Yesterday the day before

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

direct speech indirect speech
Direct Speech & Indirect Speech
  • Simple Present Tense :

He said to me, “I am sick.”

  • Simple Past Tense :

He said to me that he was sick.

  • Simple Present Tense :
  • Andi told me, “I always get up early every day.”
  • Simple Past Tense :
  • Andi told me that he always got up early every day.
  • Simple Present Tense :
  • He said to her, “I see you today.”
  • Simple Past Tense :
  • He said to her that he saw her that day.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide9
Present Continuous Tense :
  • He said to me, “I am speaking English now.”
  • Past Continuous Tense :
  • He said to me that he was speaking English then.
  • Present Continuous Tense :
  • Ahmad told me, “I am studyingEnglish now.”
  • Past Continuous Tense :
  • Ahmad told me that he was studying English then.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide10
Present Perfect Tense :
  • He said to me, “I have read a novel.”
  • Past Perfect Tense :
  • He said to me that he had read a novel.
  • Present Perfect Tense :
  • Ahmad told me, “I have written 2 letters.”
  • Past Perfect Tense :
  • Ahmad told me that he had written 2 letters.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide11
Present Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • He said, “I have been studying English for 3 hours.”
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • He said that he had been studying English for 3 hours.
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • Anita told me, “I have been staying here for 3 months.”
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • Anita told me that she had been staying there for 3 months.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide12
Simple Past Tense :
  • He said, “I visited you last Sunday.”
  • Past Perfect Tense :
  • He said that he had visited you the Sunday before.
  • Simple Past Tense :
  • Anita told me, “I studied English last night.”
  • Past Perfect Tense :
  • Anita told me that she had studied English the night before.
  • Simple Past Tense :
  • He said to her, “I saw you yesterday.”
  • Past Perfect Tense :
  • He said to her that he had seen her the day before.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide13
Past Continous Tense :
  • He said, “I was watching television when she came.”
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • He said that he had been watching television when she had come.
  • Past Continous Tense :
  • Anita told me, “I was studying English when he came.”
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense :
  • Anita told me that she had been studying English when he had come.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

slide14
Simple Future Tense :
  • He said, “I will read the novel tomorrow.”
  • Simple Past Future Tense :
  • He said that he would read the novel the following day.
  • Simple Future Tense :
  • Anita told me, “I will study English next week.”
  • Simple Past Future Tense :
  • Anita told me that she would studiedEnglish the following week.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

exercise change into indirect speech
EXERCISE: Change into Indirect Speech!
  • Ani said to me “I am tired”
  • Budi said to me, “I worked at Surabaya last year”
  • Mother said to me, “Sinta has married for five years”
  • He said to me, “I have been living here for ten years”
  • Mira said to me,”I will finish my task next week”
  • Asep said to me, “I haven’t eaten meat for two months”
  • He said to me.”Euis is cooking some fried rice now”

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM

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