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Universidad Simon Bolivar Departamento de Idiomas English for Architecture and Urban Planning II. Arch. Rojas Zorangel 0 8-11315 Silva Maria A. 08-11075 Zambrano Joyce 08-11212. Definition. U. Arch? . Parts. * Structure. Spans. Weight. Effective. Construction . 1. 2. 4. 3.

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slide1

Universidad Simon Bolivar

Departamento de Idiomas

English for Architecture and Urban Planning II

Arch

Rojas Zorangel 08-11315

Silva Maria A. 08-11075

Zambrano Joyce 08-11212

slide2

Definition

U

Arch?

Parts

*Structure

Spans

Weight

Effective

slide5

Functions

Structural

Decorative

slide6

History

  • Mesopotamia
  • Romans era

ThePalace of Khosrow, Baghdad

Coliseum ,Rome

slide7

Medieval time

    • ->Gothic era
    • ->Renaissance era

St. Peter's Basilica, Rome

slide8

Romans era

  • Classic roman arch
  • Gothic arch
  • Elliptical arch
  • Moorish arch: (Over extended)
slide9

Types of arches

  • Classic roman arch

thepont du gardaqueduct in france

slide10

Types of arches

  • Gothic arch
slide11

Types of arches

  • Elliptical arch
slide12

Types of arches

  • Moorish arch: (Over extended)
slide13

Uses in architecture and urban planning

  • ARCHITECTURE
  • -> Work as a supporting-structuralelement
  • Archedroofs.
  • Structuralelementswithdoublefunction.
  • ->Define architecturalstyles
  • Externalwindows.
  • Front doors.
  • Forexample: Semicircular archedentrance (Romanesque), Pointedarchentrace (Islamic), pointed -archframewindow (Gothic)…
  • -> Purely as Ornamental structures
  • Memorial
  • Iconic
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Uses in architecture and urban planning

URBAN PlANNING

(strictly related to arch-bridges)

-> Work as urbanconnectors

->Become new territorytourbanize

Forexample: The Ponte Vecchio (Italy) and TheDubai Bridge (still in design)

slide15

Links

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0PldEQlsh8
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arch
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/launch_ani_build_arch.shtml
  • http://www.gatewayarch.com/Arch/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gateway_Arch