liberal spectrum management l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Liberal Spectrum Management PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Liberal Spectrum Management

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Liberal Spectrum Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 117 Views
  • Uploaded on

Liberal Spectrum Management. Andreas Orr Askland Legal Adviser Frequency Department Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority. Background. “Command and control” Static approach Strict connection between radio service and assigned frequency band/channel

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Liberal Spectrum Management' - lieu


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
liberal spectrum management
Liberal Spectrum Management

Andreas Orr Askland

Legal Adviser

Frequency Department

Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority

background
Background
  • “Command and control”
    • Static approach
    • Strict connection between radio service and assigned frequency band/channel
  • Last decades stronger focus on international harmonization of frequency usage
    • transition to spectrum management based on user needs (trading/flexible use)
norwegian spectrum reform
Norwegian spectrum reform
  • For many years based upon traditional frequency management principles
  • In the beginning of the present millennium NPT took initiatives to a significantly more flexible management scheme, in order to:
    • increase competition
    • increase assignments and utilization
    • reduce management costs and red tape
    • reduce transaction costs
    • potentially increase the value of the spectrum and the benefits for end users and the society at whole
frequency management
Frequency management
  • ”The user oriented model”
    • User = licence owner
    • Companies/operators have a much better knowledge than the regulator of the end users needs
    • Know how these best can be accommodated through choice of technology and organization of the service provision
    • Let these companies/operators have a greater freedom of choice and the ability to administer the frequency resources in a flexible manner
    • Technology and service neutrality management
technology neutrality
Technology neutrality
  • Licence not restricted to a specific technology
    • The licensee chooses freely from the beginning which technology to use and may also decide later to change the technology in use
  • Must comply with spectrum mask defined at the band edge, unless otherwise agreed with neighbouring licensees
  • The “mask concept” is not completely neutral

Most spectrum licences awarded by the NPT since 2000 are neutral in this respect

service neutrality
Service neutrality
  • No (or few) restrictions on what type of service is allowed in the frequency band assigned
  • Often connected to whether mobility is allowed or not
harmonization vs flexibility
Harmonization vs. flexibility
  • Harmonization has shown to be a good thing – in justified cases
  • It is not necessarily a “solution for everything”
    • May impede innovation
    • Unused/unassigned spectrum for years and years
    • Small vs. big markets, “one size does not fit all”
  • Harmonization does not need to be forced upon the market
  • Voluntary harmonization comes naturally in evolved markets
general procedures in licensing
General procedures in licensing
  • “Open, transparent, non-discriminatory”
  • Anyone can apply for vacant spectrum or for spectrum in which existing licences expire in less than 3 years
  • Information in anonymised format about received applications is published (“polling of demand”)
    • Other interested parties may come forward
  • Auctions are the default means of assigning spectrum when demand for spectrum exceeds supply
transparency
Transparency
  • Information on the status of frequency assignments shall be updated and available for all
  • NPT has a list of vacant frequency resources
  • Also a list of assigned frequencies (spectrum licences) and the identity of the users they are assigned to
  • The NPT frequency portal is continuously being updated
auctions
Auctions
  • Previously, the initiative for auctions was taken by the authorities
  • Except for special cases, auctions will be triggered by an application for spectrum
  • Publication of the application received  further parties showing interest  not enough spectrum for all  authorities announce that auction will be held and define auction rules
  • Auctions announced and interested parties invited to bid according to defined rules
2 6 ghz auction
2.6 GHz auction
  • Auction originally planned for April 2007, but postponed to November 2007 – first in Europe
  • Public consultations:
    • September 2006 (CEPT band “centre gap”)
    • April 2007 (mainly spectrum cap)
    • July 2007 (band plan, spectrum masks)
  • Technology neutral approach – spectrum opportunity for UMTS/IMT as well as other technologies
  • Regional plan, Norway divided into six regions
  • Deviation from the CEPT plan, increased possibilities for unpaired spectrum
  • Auction over the Internet. Software provided by DotEcon
results

Incumbent operator 2G/3G

Mobile operator 2G/3G

Awarded to Hafslund in a single bid auction in February 2008

Results
trading of frequency licences
Trading of frequency licences
  • A “market” for frequencies
  • No restriction on what can be traded
    • Licences may be divided geographically, spectrally, in time or in “layers”
    • A licensee may hire out frequencies
  • Some forms of trade must be notified and approved by the authorities
  • Challenge: Who owns which licence?
    • In order to trade efficiently, the market needs a means to get hold of this information
prices
Prices
  • High compared to previous technology neutral auctions €0.033/MHz/population
  • 3.5 GHz raised €0.0076/MHz/pop
  • Swedish 2.6 GHz raised approx €0.137/MHz/pop
    • Difference in competition in the 3G market
    • More “equal” market players in Sweden
  • Finland €0.0031/MHz/population
  • The Netherlands €0.00132/MHz/population
summary liberal spectrum management
Summary: Liberal Spectrum Management
  • The user oriented model
  • Neutrality
  • Few restrictions
  • Tradability
  • Shortest possible time to assign licences
  • Easy to access information on web
  • Promote technology neutral regulations in international negotiations
slide18

Thank you for your attention

www.npt.no

www.frekvensportalen.no