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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). UN/CEFACT Single Window Repository September 2005 Tom Butterly Deputy Chief, Global Trade Solutions Branch. UN/CEFACT Recommendation Number 33. Recommendation and Guidelines on Establishing a Single Window.

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united nations economic commission for europe unece
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

UN/CEFACT Single Window Repository

September 2005

Tom Butterly

Deputy Chief, Global Trade Solutions Branch

un cefact recommendation number 33
UN/CEFACT Recommendation Number 33
  • Recommendation and Guidelines on Establishing a Single Window
single window to enhance the efficient exchange of information between trade and government
Single Window - to enhance the efficient exchange of information between trade and government
  • A Single Window is a facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents with a single entry point to fulfil all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements. If information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once.

UN/CEFACT Recommendation and Guidelines on Establishing a Single Window, http://www.unece.org/cefact/recommendations/rec33/rec33_ecetrd352_e.pdf

single window features
Single Window Features
  • allow traders to lodge standardized information and documents with a single entry point to fulfil all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements.
  • if information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once.
  • sharing of all information in respect of international trade transactions
  • provide trade related government information
  • receive payment of duties and other charges.
  • co-ordinate the controls and inspections of the various governmental authorities.
un cefact single window repository
UN/CEFACT Single Window Repository
  • The Repository: Collection of case studies from countries that already have operational Single Windows.
  • Goal: to provide countries that are considering establishing a SW with concrete examples of the operation, costs and benefits of such facilities in other countries.
  • Format: paper publication and on-line Repository, updated regularly.
  • Publication: Case Studies on Implementing a Single Window
un cefact sw repository case studies on
Finland

Germany

Guatemala

Hong Kong SAR (China)

Mauritius

Malaysia

Senegal

Singapore

Sweden

United States.

UN/CEFACT SW REPOSITORY – Case Studies on ..

More case studies to come …….

each sw case is described following a standardized template which covers
Background

Establishment

Services

Operational Model

Business Model and Costs

Technology

Promotion and Communication

Judicial aspects

Standards

Benefits

Lessons Learned

Future Plans

Source for further information

Contact details.

Each SW case is described, following a standardized template, which covers:
diversity of sw models adopting to specific national regional conditions and requirements
Financing

By the State (Finland, Sweden, United States),

By the private sector (e.g. Guatemala, Germany)

private-public partnership (e.g. China, Malaysia, Mauritius, Senegal, Singapore)

The use of Single Window

compulsory (Finland, Guatemala, Mauritius, Senegal)

voluntary (China, Germany, Malaysia, Sweden, United States)

Services

Free on charge (Finland, Sweden, United States)

Paid based on various payment schemes (Guatemala, Germany, China, Malaysia, Mauritius, Senegal, Singapore)

Diversity of SW models: adopting to specific national/regional conditions and requirements
costs and benefits of a single window
Benefits for government and trade

More efficient processes

Faster clearance and release of goods

Reduced costs of compliance

Reduction in bureaucratic processes

Better collection of government revenues

Improved trader compliance

Reduced corruption

Risk management techniques for control and enforcement purposes

Predictable application and explanation of rules

Better planning

Implementation costs

From less than one million US dollars (Guatemala) to

Between 1and 4 million dollars (Finland, Senegal, Malaysia).

In the US, the cost was significantly higher but the system is quite extensive and covers many additional areas.

Costs and Benefits of a Single Window

Benefits outweigh costs ……

main obstacles in implementation
Main obstacles in implementation
  • Changing the established business and State practices (Malaysia, Senegal, Singapore, United States)
  • Establishing cooperation and commitment of various state authorities involved in import/export procedures (Finland, USA)
  • Modernizing the technologies currently used by the State and the private sector (Guatemala), and small and medium-sized enterprises, in particular (Sweden).
key factors for success
Key factors for success.
  • Strong leadership, which can come from the private (Guatemala) or the public sector (Malaysia, Senegal, United States, Singapore)
  • Cooperation and commitment of all stakeholders, private and public (Finland, Mauritius, Malaysia, Senegal, United States, Singapore)
  • User-friendly system, which do not create complications for usual business procedures (China, Malaysia, Sweden, Senegal, United States)
  • Investments in modern technologies (Guatemala, Malaysia)
  • Phased, flexible approach (Germany, Mauritius, Singapore)
  • Neutrality, transparency and reliability of the proposed technical solution (Hong Kong SAR (China))
next steps
Next Steps
  • Meeting in Lyon September 28 to consider common standards and interoperability for Single Windows – various groups of experts
  • Workshop in February 2006 on SW Common Standards and Interoperability
  • Capacity Building
  • Guide to TF Implementation
unece trade facilitator toolkit
UNECE Trade Facilitator Toolkit
  • Guidelines for Trade Facilitators how to develop national series of trade documents
  • Electronic tools for the design of PDF trade document forms
  • User can edit PDF, print and email documents
  • Document forms can be extended for integration into United Nations electronic Trade Documents (UNeDocs) and Single Window
  • UN Form Repository
further information
Further Information …

Visit

www.unece.org/cefact

Or Contact

Tom Butterly

Deputy Chief

Global Trade Solutions Branch

UNECE

E-mail: tom.butterly@unece.org

Website: www.unece.org/trade