Winlink 2000 • The Winlink 2000 Emergency Communications System and Its Development In The Stark County Amateur Radio Emergency Service.
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • Simply put, Winlink is a digital messaging system similar to standard internet email that can operate over the Amateur Radio Bands. • It's system can transfer email to stations within the Winlink System as well as to stations outside the system. • Anywhere standard email can go, Winlink can go.
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • It's not meant to replace voice communications during emergency situations but to provide a means to relay complex information in the most efficient way possible. • What kind of information ?
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • Status reports from a disaster scene to a command center. • Supply lists from a Red Cross Evacuation Center. • Patient lists from an Mass Casualty Incident to area hospitals. • Any communications where detailed information is required.
Winlink 2000 Why Winlink ? • The ARRL Board of Directors in 2004 encouraged the deployment within the ARES of E-mail via Amateur Radio “as exemplified by Winlink 2000” to meet the needs of served agencies and others involved in providing disaster communications. • Amateur Radio volunteers responding to help in the wake of Hurricane Katrina utilized Winlink 2000 with great success.
Winlink 2000 Why Winlink ? • After adoption by the ARRL BOD, Ohio Section Emergency Coordinator John Chapman, WB8INY requested every Ohio County ARES group to establish a Winlink Communications System. • He also appointed a State Winlink Coordinator Nelson Livingsten, AE5NL. Nelson was instrumental in establishing a complex Winlink System currently operating in South Texas.
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • The core of the Winlink System involves three software programs all available at no cost for amateur use. • TelPac • Airmail • Paclink
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • Telpac • Telpac stands for TELnet PACket bridge and takes advantage of internet connectivity to eliminate the need for local message storage. • Users connect to the Telpac Node using client side software (Airmail or Paclink) to transfer messages to the Telnet server for delivery to the email destinations.
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • Airmail • Airmail is the Client side program used to generate email style messages. • Airmail is easily used on VHF, UHF or HF. • Airmail needs a compatible TNC and a computer running at least Windows 95.
Winlink 2000 What Is Winlink ? • Paclink • Paclink is also a Client side program that requires an email client such as Outlook, Outlook Express. • Designed for use on VHF & UHF only. • Requires a PC running a minimum of Windows 2000.
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • The Stark County Winlink Initiative began in late 2004 with the formation of a Winlink Implementation Committee. • Chairman David Beltz, WD8AYE Stark County ARES Emergency Coordinator • Co-Chairman Terry Russ, N8ATZAssistant EC
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • Ralph Bugg, K8HSQTechnical Director • Tim Warstler - DirectorStark County Emergency Management Agency • James Farriss, WA8GXMStark County Chapter, American Red Cross
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • PHASE 1 – Determine the needs of the County EMA and other served agencies. In Stark County our ARES program primarily serves several organizations. • The Emergency Management Agency • Local Chapters of the American Red Cross • National Weather Service Skywarn Spotter Program • Area Hospitals • Other local Public Safety forces.
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • PHASE 2 – Install the basic infrastructure to support Winlink Communications. • This involved finding suitable locations to install Telpac Nodes. • Like voice repeaters, Telpac Nodes need high elevation and internet connectivity.
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • During 2005 we successfully assembled and installed three Telpac Nodes around Stark County • The first node was located at the home of Ralph Bugg, K8HSQ to fully understand how a node works and what if any maintenance is required. • Our final two nodes were installed over the remainder of the year.
Winlink 2000 The Stark Co Winlink Initiative • Three Nodes currently in operation. • Western Stark County, WA8GXM - 10 • Central Stark County, N8ATZ – 10 • Test Node, K8HSQ - 5 • Eastern Stark County, (Looking for a suitable site) • All operate 24/7 on 145.07 Mhz on 1,200 baud
Winlink 2000 The N8ATZ-10 NodeLocated at Mercy Medical Center
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • PHASE 2: Establish Airmail Stations throughout the county. • A core of Field Deployable portable stations that can establish an Airmail Station anywhere we need one. • Establish a permanent station at the EmergencyOperations Center.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • Through the HRSA Directive all Stark County Hospitals currently have installed Yeasu Dual Band radios that incorporate data inputs. • These data inputs permit the easy installation of suitable TNC's needed for the Winlink System. • These radio's will have data cables ready to interface with the TNC's.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • The biggest asset to the use of the Winlink Communications System will be our ability to setup and operate portable stations anywhere we may need one. • A laptop, TNC, and a two meter radio are all that is needed to establish a portable Airmail Station.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • A very Simple but Effective Portable Airmail Station.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • HF Winlink • Airmail connecting to the Telpac Nodes via VHF route email to a Winlink Central Message Server (CMS). • This could also be done on HF by connecting directly to a PMBO Station. • This is normally done using Pactor for high speedoperation.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • How Important Is Winlink ? • Voice communications will always remain our main tool for public service. • Winlink is the next communications tool that Amateur's will use to benefit our served agencies.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • The Amateur Radio Service is governed by the FCC. Part 97 of the Commissions Rules and Regulationsdetail the Amateur Radio Service. • Under Basis and Purpose it states the followingprinciple .......
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • “Recognition and Enhancement of the value of theAmateur Radio Service to the public as a voluntary noncommercial communications service, particularly with respect to providing emergency communications...” • We believe Winlink is the next enhancement that will certainly bring greater value to those we serve.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • How Important Is Winlink ?
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • How Important Is Winlink ? • Amateur Radio and Winlink was recently mentioned in a post Katrina report from the US House of Representatives.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • “Nearly 1,000 Amateur Radio Service Volunteers across the nation served in the Kartina strickened areas providing communications for government agencies, the Red Cross and The Salvation Army.” • “Emergency Communications were conducted not only by voice, but also by high-speed data transmissionsusing state-of-the-art digital communications known as Winlink.”
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • In Conclusion ...... • Winlink is an important enhancement to any ARES Communications System. • We will need everyone's help if we are going to make this a viable addition to Ohio's Emergency Communications Preparedness System.
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • We're Ready - Are You ?
Winlink 2000 The Stark County Winlink Initiative • Any Questions ? • Terry Russ, N8ATZtruss@sssnet.com or • Ralph Bugg, K8HSQbuggr@sssnet.com