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Valerians Back to School. Presented by 2LT Anh Ban OIC Psychological Health Office 63D Regional Support Command. Purpose. To increase your knowledge of military culture and to explore the challenges that OIF/OEF Service Members, Veterans, and Families transitioning back to school. .

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valerians back to school

Valerians Back to School

Presented by

2LT Anh Ban


Psychological Health Office

63D Regional Support Command



To increase your knowledge of military culture and to explore the challenges that OIF/OEF Service Members, Veterans, and Families transitioning back to school.


understanding military culture and identity.

Review assumptions related to OIF/OEF veterans.

Examine readjustment and transition challenges and offer recommendations.


purpose of boot camp
Purpose of Boot Camp

Transform civilians in to service members

To create an artificial stress environment

To screen out recruits that would not be successful in adapting to military life

military stressors
Military Stressors

High risk occupation


Authoritative work environment

Impact of separation

High degree of living with uncertainty

conditions on the battlefield
Conditions on the Battlefield



Multiple threats

Guerilla war – friends/foe

stressors in war
Stressors In War

Having to survive in an adverse and hostile environment

Finding safe routes to travel “outside the wire”

Coping with the uncertainty inherent in the “fog of war”

Enduring lengthy deployment or being redeployed multiple times

Managing peer/leaders relationship conflicts

Experiencing family separation/home front worries

Struggling to find time for self-care

the soldiers creed
The Soldiers Creed
  • I am an American Soldier.
  • I am a Warrior and a member of a team. I serve the people of the United States, and live the Army Values.
  • I will always place the mission first.
  • I will never accept defeat.
  • I will never quit.
  • I will never leave a fallen comrade.
  • I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills.
  • I always maintain my arms, my equipment and myself.
  • I am an expert and I am a professional.
  • I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy, the enemies of the United States of America in close combat.
  • I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life.
  • I am an American Soldier.
from war zone to home zone
FromWar Zone toHome Zone

BATTTLEMIND skills helped you survive in combat, but may cause you problems if not adapted when you get home.

Buddies (cohesion)vs. Withdrawal

Accountabilityvs. Controlling

Targeted Aggressionvs. Inappropriate Aggression

Tactical Awareness vs. Hypervigilance

Lethally Armedvs. “Locked and Loaded” at Home

Emotional Controlvs. Anger/Detachment

Mission Operational Security (OPSEC)vs. Secretiveness

Individual Responsibility vs. Guilt

Non-Defensive (combat) Driving vs. Aggressive Driving

Discipline and Ordering vs. Conflict

psychological concepts reactions to trauma
Psychological Concepts/Reactions To Trauma






Frame of reference

Exposure to risk

tyler e boudreau cpt us marine corps retired from packing inferno

“They say war is hell, but I say it’s the foyer to hell…I say coming home is hell, and hell ain’t got no coordinates. You can’t find it on the charts, because there are no charts.”

-Tyler E. Boudreau,

CPT US Marine Corps (Retired)

from Packing Inferno


It takes approximately three months for OIF/OEF Veterans to readjust to civilian life

OIF/OEF Veterans are bitter about having served in an unpopular war(s).

Only the uneducated/unskilled go into the military

Female OIF/OEF Veterans do not play a major role in the war


OIF/OEF Veterans that do not present with psychosocial problems are adjusting well

“It’s 2011, Sexism, Racism, Ageism does not exist or occur in the military or the VA”

OIF/OEF Veterans miss their appointments because they don’t care about their health care or irresponsible

OIF/OEF Veterans are eager and capable of taking advantage of their GI Bill

connecting with veterans
Connecting with Veterans
  • Engage Veterans in their story: (Examples)
    • Ask about their branch of service
    • What is/was their rank?
    • Ask about the motives for going into the service
    • Ask them about their boot camp experience
    • Ask about their military occupation specialty (MOS)
    • Where is/was the Veteran stationed/deployed?
    • What role do/did the Veteran play in their unit?
    • What is/was the Veteran biggest personal/personnel achievement?
change and transition
Change and Transition

What can I do to make you feel more comfortable?

What is it like being back?

What is it like being a civilian or having to be around civilian?

How are you sleeping?

How has life changed since you have been back?

What have you gain/lost since coming back?

What did you like/dislike most about being in the service?

What did you like/dislike most about being deployed?

What is family life like since being back?

What is the most difficult part of your transition?

What are your hopes/goals?

What do I need to know to help you move forward?

Are you running into any system problems with the VA?

peeling the onion
Peeling the Onion
  • A Veteran is more than…
    • Their age
    • Their race
    • Their religion
    • Their education
    • Their abilities or disabilities
    • Their occupation
    • Their past
    • Their future
    • Their sexual orientation
    • Their social class
    • Their war experience
    • Their hopes or hopelessness
    • Their political or social affiliation
    • Their income
    • Their neighborhood or the cost of their home or car


Having an understanding and appreciation for military culture is the first step in becoming cultural competent. Developing a strength-based approach in supporting Veterans will provide the foundation for dynamic engagement, change, and transformation.


2LT Anh K. Ban

OIC of Psychological Health

63d Regional Support Command

Moffett Field AFRC 230 RT Jones Road

Mountain View, CA 94043-1809

Office: 650.526.9535

BB: 650.793.8253