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  1. Measuring Hope for Children Living in Poverty: Engaging stakeholders in evaluation at City Kidz June 13, 2013 Rich Janzen & Liliana Araujo

  2. Partners

  3. Purpose To share the evaluation experience of City Kidz as an example of a collaborative evaluation that followed the principles of community based research. • Overview of community based research • Overview of the City Kidz evaluation • Mechanisms of engagement • Products of engagement

  4. Centre for Community Based Research • 30 years of social innovation in Canada • Over 350 community based research projects • Based on an entrepreneurial spirit in collaboration with many partners to initiate new projects

  5. Hallmarks of Community Based Research Research that strives to be: • Community situated-begins with a research topic of practical relevance to the community and is carried out in community settings. (Indigenous tradition) • Participatory -community members and researchers equitably share control of the research agenda through active and reciprocal involvement in the research design, implementation and dissemination. (Southern tradition) • Action-oriented - the process and results are useful to community members in making positive social change and to promote social equity. (Northern tradition)


  6. Functions of Community Based Research Knowledge production Knowledge mobilization Community mobilization

  7. Definition • “… a research approach that involves active participation of stakeholders, those whose lives are affected by the issue being studied, in all phases of research for the purpose of producing useful results to make positive changes” • (Nelson, Ochocka, Griffin & Lord, 1998, p.12) • “Research with,” not “research on” people • Training and mentoring • Opportunity of meaningful involvement • Valuing experiential knowledge • Data for advocacy • Value-driven approach (Ochocka & Janzen, 2007)

  8. A Growing Trend “Too often, important knowledge remains hidden in academia. Too often, governments develop policies without a full understanding of the big picture and without tracking the consequences of their policies. Too often, civil society organizations implement programs without adequate analysis of the underlying problem and careful consideration of how the program will play out. Solving the complex social, environmental and economic problems we face will require collaborative efforts that are radically inclusive of diverse perspectives and skills. Such collaborations become possible when faculty, staff, and students come to realize that people in community settings have knowledge, experience, and talents that complement their own.” - Fryer, 2012, University Affairs - emphasis added

  9. Overview of City Kidz Evaluation

  10. Evaluation Background and Purpose • World Vision and City Kidz history in Partners to End Child Poverty (PECP) • Desire to replicate to other communities • Purpose • To assess the implementation processes of City Kidz’ core programs • To assess the outcomes for program participants of City Kidz’ core programs • To identify future directions for improving on and replicating City Kidz’ core programs in other sites across Canada

  11. Main Research Questions How are core City Kidz programs presently being implemented? How and to what extent have core City Kidz programs impacted the well-being of children in low-income communities of Hamilton? What suggestions would help to improve and replicate core City Kidz programs?

  12. Evaluation Approach Follows the principles of community-based research (community-situated, participatory, action-oriented) Takes matters of faith seriously Adopts World Vision’s model of child well-being Program theory to reflect these program elements

  13. 2013 Logic Model • Discerning God’s Lead • Spiritual retreat • Daily staff prayer • Openness to miracles • Miracle Sundays • Organizational tithing Spiritual Discipline Activities 400 Kidz 1,100 Kidz 150 Kidz • Kinder Kidz • Bus activities/food • Theatre show (4x/Saturday) • Biblical principles/prayer • City Kidz Saturday • Bus activities/food • Theatre show (4x/Saturday) • Biblical principles/prayer • Junior Leadership • Sat. volunteering & connecting • Mid-week training (Kid Lead) • Biblical principles/prayer Group Activities Weekly Home Visits -Personalized mentorship -Information about activities/events -Prayer -Encouragement to go to group activities -Support to family members 2,200 Kidz Individual Activities Action Outcomes Internal Outcomes Relationship Outcomes Faith Outcomes Increased belief that God created me Increased belief that God loves me Increased belief that God has a plan for my life Increased awareness of God-given potential Increased self concept and positive self worth Increased understanding of God’s love New relationships with adults who love unconditionally More likely to imagine accomplishing great things Increased opportunity for, awareness of & participation in community activities Resiliency Outcomes Increased cultural sensitivity and acceptance Increased positive peer influence and relationships Increased trust in, credibility of and influence of adult mentors Increased self-control and empowerment More likely to make positive choices Increased leadership within City Kidz & community Healthier family dynamics Increased social sensitivity and empathy • Increased Hope • Better able to dream of a future beyond the cycle of poverty Healthier lifestyle boundaries Increased prosocial behaviour • More Educated Children • Greater knowledge and skill development • Enabled to achieve in life and employment preparation • Safer Children • Better access to food, safe housing and stable employment • Enabled to fully participate in society, now and in future • Healthier Children • Growth in physical, social, and mental capacity • Enabled to confront challenges with resiliency and contribute to society with full potential Healthier Neighbourhoods Across Hamilton Well-Being Outcomes Individual-Level Community- Level Improved Well-Being for Children Living in Poverty – 100,000 Canadian kids by 2040

  14. Methods • Program tracking logs (quantitative tracking of program inputs and outputs) • Survey of participants • City Kidz Saturdays: sample of present participants complete short survey interview with retrospective outcome, implementation, & future directions • Participant focus groups (3 groups with 8-12 sampled participants and/or parents about program implementation, outcomes and future directions) • Staff/volunteer interviews (2 focus groups with sampled staff and volunteers related to program implementation, outcomes and future directions) • Case studies (3 in-depth stories of program impact in the lives of purposively sampled present and past participants. Each story to consider interviews with the participant, one City Kidz staff/volunteer, and another support person in the participant’s life) • Key informant interviews (4 interviews to gain insight into outcomes and factors to consider when replicating core programs in other cities across Canada)

  15. Mechanisms of Engagement • Stakeholder steering group that guided each step of the evaluation • Training and supporting of “community researchers” to assist with data gathering • Methodology design that considered multiple stakeholder perspectives • Facilitation of active funder involvement (World Vision Canada) towards using evaluation findings to inform the replication of City Kidz nation-wide • Organizational feedback session to discuss evaluation findings

  16. Products of Engagement Collaboratively developed products… • Comprehensive evaluation framework • Program logic model • Community researcher training manual • Qualitative and quantitative evaluation tools • User-friendly evaluation report that speaks to multiple audiences • Outcome survey based on program theory and informed by theory of hope and resiliency

  17. Future Contact Rich Janzen Research Director, Centre for Community Based Research 73 King St. West Kitchener, Ontario 519-741-1318 x 233 rich@communitybasedresearch.ca www.communitybasedresearch.ca