writing to a prompt using a 4 square graphic organizer
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Writing to a Prompt using a 4-square Graphic Organizer. DWA Preparation. What is writing to a prompt. A prompt is a topic you are asked to write about. 4 types of Prompts. Narrative Expository Persuasive Descriptive. Narrative Essay.

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what is writing to a prompt
What is writing to a prompt
  • A prompt is a topic you are asked to write about.

4 types of Prompts

  • Narrative
  • Expository
  • Persuasive
  • Descriptive
narrative essay
Narrative Essay
  • A narrative tells a story. It could be fiction or non-fiction. It includes a beginning, middle, and end.
  • Example: Write a story about a time when you were sad.
  • Clue words – narrate, tell a story about, write about a time, what happened when
expository essay
Expository Essay
  • Expository is another word for explaining. In an expository essay you may be asked to give information about something. You may be asked to explain something.
  • Example: Tell me what your favorite sport is and why.
  • Clue words: Explain, tell why, talk about, write why.
descriptive essay
Descriptive Essay
  • In a descriptive essay you describe a thing, person, event or place.
  • Example: Tell about a cold winter day.
  • Clue words: describe, tell about an object, what does it look and feel like, write so your reader can see, picture in your mind
persuasive essay
Persuasive Essay
  • To persuade someone is to convince them to agree with you. Your job is decide your point of view and write arguments to persuade your reader to share your view.
  • Example: Should limits be placed on the amount of television children are allowed to watch?
  • Clue words: Should there be, convince your reader, support your view, make an argument.
deciding what kind of prompt
Deciding what kind of prompt
  • Everyone has a favorite possession. Tell what your favorite possession is and why it’s important to you.

Expository!

slide9
Imagine your family is planning a trip. You can visit anywhere in the world. Think of where you would like to go, and why. Write an essay that would convince your family to go to the place you choose.

Persuasive

slide10
A person you know is planning to move to your town. She has written to you to ask you what it is like. Write an essay describing your town to her.

Descriptive

slide11
Your parents are trying to decide whether to get a pet. Think if you would like to have a pet, and if so what pet you would like. Then write an essay to persuade your family to your opinion.

Persuasive

slide12
Think about your favorite food. In an essay, give reasons for liking this food best.

Expository

steps to writing to a prompt
Steps to writing to a prompt
  • Decide what kind of writing the prompt is asking for
  • Plan your writing
  • Write first draft
  • Revise writing
  • Proofread
why organize
Why organize?
  • Makes your writing more understandable
  • You won’t forget anything
  • Listen to two examples:
using a 4 square to organize an expository essay
Using a 4-square to organize an Expository Essay

Supporting Idea

Supporting Idea

Topic Sentence

Supporting Idea

Wrap up sentence

3 supporting ideas and a wrap up sentence
Pretzels

Popcorn

Snacks

Peanuts

Pretzels, popcorn, and peanuts are snacks.

3 supporting ideas and a wrap up sentence
3 supporting ideas
3 supporting ideas
  • Center of the box now has a complete sentence
  • First three boxes must contain reasons
  • Must prove the topic sentence true
  • Must be real reasons
slide21
Easy to cook

Fun to eat

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

Delicious

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to cook, fun to eat, and delicious.

checklist
Checklist
  • Are the four square reasons quantifiable and not opinion?
  • Is there repetition of detail?
adding supporting details
Adding supporting details
  • Our story so far would read as follows:

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s fun to eat. My favorite meal is spaghetti because it’s delicious. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.

  • We need to elaborate – add details.
  • We will add 3 details to each square.
  • These details will clarify or give examples of the phrase at the top of the square.
slide25
It’s easy
  • Roll up meat
  • Throw in pot
  • Pour store-bought sauce
  • It’s fun to eat
  • Twirl on fork
  • Slurp it
  • Splatter the sauce

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

  • It’s delicious
  • Tomatoes
  • Italian spices
  • Filling meat

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.

your turn2
Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

My favorite sport is ___________

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Wrap up sentence

Your Turn
checklist1
Checklist
  • Are the details logical expansion of the reasons?
  • Are the details factual and free of opinion?
  • Are there gross mechanical problems in the wrap-up sentence?
using connecting words
Using connecting words
  • Choose a connecting word and put at the top of each square.
  • Use the handout to help you choose appropriate connecting words for each square.
slide29
First
  • It’s easy
  • Roll up meat
  • Throw in pot
  • Pour store-bought sauce
  • Also
  • It’s fun to eat
  • Twirl on fork
  • Slurp it
  • Splatter the sauce

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

  • Third
  • It’s delicious
  • Tomatoes
  • Italian spices
  • Filling meat

So you can see

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.

your turn3
Connecting word

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Connecting word

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

My favorite sport is ___________

Connecting word

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Connecting word

Wrap up sentence

Your Turn
vivid language
Vivid language
  • What sounds better?
      • The water was cold.
      • The water felt like ice.
  • Think of your senses – how does it feel, taste, smell, look, feel?
  • Add a vivid detail to each supporting detail.
slide32
First
  • It’s easy
  • Roll up meat
    • Golf balls
  • Throw in pot
    • Huge cauldron-size
  • Pour store-bought sauce
    • Prego
  • Also
  • It’s fun to eat
  • Twirl on fork
    • Looks like a twister
  • Slurp it
    • Loud smacking noises
  • Splatter the sauce
    • Like an explosion

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

  • Third
  • It’s delicious
  • Tomatoes
    • Red and tangy
  • Italian spices
    • Zippy garlic
  • Filling meat
    • Like a hamburger

So you can see

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.

your turn4
Connecting word
  • Reason:
  • Detail
    • vivid
  • Detail
    • Vivid
  • Detail
    • vivid
  • Connecting word
  • Reason:
  • Detail
    • vivid
  • Detail
    • vivid
  • Detail
    • vivid

My favorite sport is ___________

  • Connecting word
  • Reason:
  • Detail
    • vivid
  • Detail
    • Vivid
  • Detail
    • vivid

Connecting word

Wrap up sentence

Your turn
checklist2
Checklist
  • Do the added vivids add more information to the details?
  • Have you used a thesaurus to find the best possible word?
  • Have you checked your punctuation? How about your grammar?
my essay
My essay

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

First, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy. You simply roll up the meat into golf-ball sized pieces, then throw it in the pot. I use a huge, cauldron-size pot. Pour on the store-bought sauce. My favorite brand is Prego.

Also, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s fun to eat. I like to twirl it on my fork. It looks like a twister. It’s fun to slurp because it makes a loud smacking noise. I always splatter the sauce. When I’m done, it looks like an explosion.

Third, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like a hamburger.

So you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.

your turn5
Your turn
  • Read your 4-square to a partner or in your peer editing group
  • Do the sentences flow well?
  • Have you used the right tense throughout the essay?
  • Is your topic sentence clear?
  • How are your hook and conclusion?
improving the introduction
Improving the introduction
  • First paragraph
    • Hook
    • Topic sentence
    • Wrap up sentence
    • Personal/reflective sentence
  • My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. It’s my favorite because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I could eat spaghetti and meatballs for dinner every night.
improving the closing paragraph
Improving the closing paragraph
  • Final paragraph
    • Summarize main points and then wrap-up sentence with connecting word
    • Personal / Reflective sentence, question or exclamation
  • So you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I am making some tonight. Would you like to come over for dinner?
your turn6
Your Turn
  • Write an intro and closing paragraph.
using the 4 square method to write an essay
Using the 4-square method to write an essay
  • Expository
    • Gives information
    • States reasons or examples
    • Must have connecting words
    • Few quotations
  • Narrative
    • Entertains
    • Has events
    • Connecting words as needed
    • More dialogue
slide42
Expository

Games

Friends

The best day of my life

Food

skydive

Land safely

The best day of my life

Narrative

Meet the

president

slide43
Event

Event

Topic plus

Who?

What?

Where?

When?

Why?

Event

Big Ending

slide44
Time connector: In the beginning
  • Event: Cat food commercial came on
  • Details
  • Dancing cats
    • Top hats
  • Singing about food
    • “meow-yum”
  • I said it was cute
    • laughed
  • Time connector: During the commercial
  • Event: My cat hissed
  • Details
  • Arched his back
    • Angry
  • His hair stood up
    • Like a porcupine
          • Loud scream
          • Ear splitting

When my cat started talking

Who? My cat and I

What? Relaxing

Where? At home

When? In the evening

Why? It had been a long day

  • Time connector: Just then
  • Event: He started talking
  • Details
  • Called the commercial foolish
    • Snarled
  • Said the food was gross
    • For dogs
  • Told me never to buy it
    • I thought it was his favorite.
  • Time connector: Since that day
  • Big ending:
  • He has never spoken again
  • I stopped buying that cat food.
  • My cat has restrictions on his TV time.
completed narrative essay
Completed Narrative Essay

One evening I was relaxing at home. My cat and I were watching television. It had been a long day, and I needed some time to wind down.

In the beginning of our favorite show, a commercial came on for a brand of cat food I usually buy. This commercial had adorable little dancing cats. They were wearing black top hats. The cats were also singing about the cat food. “Meow-yum, meow-yum,” they sang. I thought it was cute, and I laughed out loud.

During this commercial my cat hissed, which is not something he usually does. He arched his back and looked quite angry. The hair on his back was standing up like porcupine quills. He let out an ear-splitting scream.

Just then he started talking. He called the commercial foolish and snarled at the television. My cat told me that brand of cat food was gross, and it was only good for dogs, which means that it must be pretty bad. Then he told me never to buy it again. I had always thought he liked the stuff.

Since that day my cat has not spoken again. I did stop buying that brand of cat food. But because of his ill-mannered hissing and growling, my cat has had a limit placed on his television time.

your turn7
Your turn

Prompt:

Think back to when you had a happy experience. Remember where you were and what happened. Write a story about that happy experience

Now complete the 4-square

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