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The Lexile Framework ® for Reading. Using Lexiles in the Classroom. Presented by: Rick Dills, Ed.D Retired Oregon Teacher and School District Administrator Facilitator, MetaMetrics, Inc. profdev@lexile.com. A Life-long Love of Reading?. Minutes of Text Reading per Day.

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the lexile framework for reading

The Lexile Framework® for Reading

Using Lexiles in the Classroom

Presented by:Rick Dills, Ed.D

Retired Oregon Teacher and School District Administrator

Facilitator, MetaMetrics, Inc.

profdev@lexile.com

relationship between time spent reading and reading achievement

Minutes of Text Reading per Day

Estimated Number of Words Read per Year

Percentile Rank

98

90

70

50

20

10

90.7

40.4

21.7

12.9

3.1

1.6

4,733,000

2,357,000

1,168,000

601,000

134,000

51,000

Relationship between Time Spent Reading and Reading Achievement

Fifth-Grade Students

from Anderson et al., 1988, Table 3, N = 155.

warm up and stretch
Warm-up and Stretch
  • Think of a skill or activity in which you have improved recently.
  • Describe your skills before and after your improvement.
  • How did you “measure” your improvement?
improvement in reading
Improvement in Reading
  • In what ways does your experience relate to the reading improvement process?
  • How do you “measure” your students’ growth as readers?
whom am i teaching

Experience with Lexiles

Experience with Differentiation

1

3

5

1

3

5

Whom Am I Teaching?

Jobs and Grade Levels?

Always wanted to own one

I’m Malbert Smith

I’m Carol Ann Tomlinson

Took biology in high school

today s workshop topics
Today’s Workshop Topics
  • Learning about Whom You Are Teaching through Lexiles
  • Understanding the Lexile Framework
  • Matching Readers to Texts, Forecasting Comprehension and Tracking Growth
  • Using Lexile Resources to Support Instruction and Differentiation
  • Accessing Lexile Resources Available to Teachers
lexile workshops teacher objectives
Lexile Workshops: Teacher Objectives
  • Use Lexiles as a reading measurement system
  • Profile students, predict comprehension, and match readers to text
  • Understand, chart, and explain patterns of Lexile growth
  • Access and use online resources
  • Differentiate instruction by developing and using tiered reading/resource lists
  • Empower students to be strategic, reflective readers who can use Lexile resources
  • Communicate with parents about Lexiles, growth, and how to access resources
workshop materials

Workshop Materials

Slide Notes

Lexville SD Simulation Materials

Lexile Maps and Charts

Informational Handouts

learning about whom you are teaching

Learning about Whom You Are Teaching

Big Question:

What can Lexile scores tell you about your students?

a lexville school district classroom
A Lexville School District Classroom

Lexcel Elementary

4th Grade Students

Teacher:Alex Isles

Fall Scores (T1)

(from a computer-based Reading Inventory)

Sorted by alpha

activity 1 studying classroom patterns
Activity 1:Studying Classroom Patterns
  • What is the Lexile range for this classroom (lowest and highest scores)?
  • What Lexile patterns do you see in the class?
  • Which students (if any) have Lexile scores that are outside the class Lexile continuum?
  • Based on the Lexile patterns, how might you group these students?
  • What questions come to mind?
what is a lexile

What is a Lexile?

Big Idea:Lexiles provide a single measure of…Reader Ability and Text Readability

lexiles a measurement system
Lexiles: A measurement system
  • “lex-” - root word referring to “words” (e.g. “lexicon”)
  • “-ile” - root word referring to “measures” (e.g., “percentile”)
  • Lexiles are units that measure text readability.
  • Lexiles can also measure reading ability - by determining the level of text a reader can comprehend.
  • Lexiles are based on a sophisticated statistical model (Rasch modeling).
how do lexiles measure reading
How do Lexiles measure reading?

Inquiry Exercise

  • Three measurement tools…
  • An object in the room…
  • A doorway…
  • Meaning?
how are lexiles like inches
How are Lexiles like inches?
  • A universal, accurate measurement system
  • Used to measure a student’s current “size” and growth over time
  • Not grade specific: Students come in different sizes and grow at different rates
growing taller as a reader
Growing Taller as a Reader

Like pencil marks on a wall, Lexiles provide a measure of reading growth over time

the lexile scale can measure

2000L

200L

1800L

1000L

600L

1400L

0

The Lexile scale can measure…
  • How “tall” a student is as a reader
    • Where he/she falls on a Lexile text map at any point in time
  • How high a student can “reach”
    • The Lexile range of text that the student can read and comprehend successfully
  • How much “taller” a student has grown
    • The change over time in the student’s Lexile level and the range of text he/she can read
as readers too
…as Readers, Too

Reading Scores in Lexiles

4th graders lined up by height?

growth trajectories for height and reading

Reading by Grade

Height by Age

180

1600

160

1400

140

1200

120

1000

Standing Height (cm)

Lexile Measure

100

800

80

600

60

400

40

200

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

20

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

9

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Age (Years)

Grade

Growth Trajectories for Height and Reading

Source: Malbert Smith

unification in science

Mathematics

Temperature

Time

Metric System

Reading

2000

2004

1700

1890

1970

“Unification” in Science
the lexile framework for reading23
Allows us to…

Measure reader ability and text readability with a common metric: Lexiles

Forecast the level of comprehensiona reader is expected to experience with a particular text

The Lexile Framework® for Reading
metametrics the lexile company
MetaMetrics: The Lexile Company
  • Founded in 1984
  • R&D firm focused on integrating assessment and instruction
  • Research funded by five grants from National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Commercialized The Lexile Framework for Reading in 1997
the unification of reading

Addison-Wesley

Britannica

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Textbook Publishers

Crabtree

Globe-Fearon

Dominee

Hampton-Brown

DK Publishing

Book Publishers

Harcourt School Publishers

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Test Publishers

Holt Rinehart & Winston

Globe-Fearon

CTB/McGraw-Hill

Modern Curriculum

Houghton Mifflin

Hampton Brown

Pearson

Educational Testing Services (ETS)

Prentice Hall

Harcourt

Scholastic

Harcourt Educational Measurement

SRA/McGraw-Hill

Rand McNally

Holt

Rigby

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction

Scott Foresman

Leapfrog

Rosen

Northwest Evaluation Association

Lee & Low

SRA/McGraw-Hill

Riverside Publishing

Scott Foresman

Texas Education Agency

Steck-Vaughn

Utah State Office of Education

The Wright Group

Prebinders

Periodical Databases

Bigchalk/ProQuest

EBSCO

Questia

Newsbank

The Booksource

Bound-to-Stay Bound

DEMCO

Book Distributors & Databases

Econoclad

Permabound

School/Public Libraries

Reading Motivation

Follett Library Services

Follett Software Company

EBSCO Online Reader

Baker & Taylor

Mackin Library Media

Hooked on Phonics

The Book Source

HOSTS

Follett Library Services

Scholastic Read180

Follett Software Co.

Scholastic Reading Counts!

Ingram

Success for All

RRBowker

Sundance

The Unification of Reading
current impact of lexiles
Current Impact of Lexiles
  • Millions of K-12 students receive Lexile measures from a linked test (national norm-referenced or state criterion-referenced)
  • Over450 book publishers have titles with Lexile measures
  • Tens of millions of articles with Lexile measures are available through database-services partners
  • Tens of thousands of books with Lexile measures are available at www.lexile.com/lexilebookdatabase
lexiles in texas measuring readers in el paso
Lexiles in Texas (Measuring Readers in El Paso)
  • The TAKS has been linkedto the Lexile scale through acorrelation study.
  • Students in grades 3-10 and exiting students take the TAKS and receive a predicted Lexile score that correlates to their TAKS reading performance score.
  • TAKS student reports now include predicted Lexile scores. Schools/teachers have access to conversion tables that correlate TAKS raw/scale scores with Lexiles.
  • In addition, students in grades 3, 5, and 8 will be able to take the Pearson PASeries online formative assessment up to 3 times a year to attain a Lexile score and forecast their predicted TAKS performance.

Teachers will be able to use Lexilescores/ranges to study classroom patterns, predict comprehension, inform instruction, and chart growth.

slide30

TAKS to Lexile Conversion Tables

Accessible at TEA Website

http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/resources/lexile/

classroom score report

LOW

HIGH

Classroom Score Report

Lexcel Elementary

4th Grade Students

Teacher:Alex Isles

Fall Scores (T1)

(from a computer-based Reading Inventory)

Sorted byLexiles

Range = 757L

typical classroom
“Typical” Classroom
  • By the end of elementary school, there is an 800-900 Lexile range in a typical classroom.
  • The extent of this range often increases in middle and high school.
  • How do students in a typical classroom “measure up” to the textbooks they are given?
grade level text demands a real world standard for reading achievement
Grade Level Text Demands:A Real-World Standard for Reading Achievement
  • Lexile researchers have analyzed thousands of texts to determine typical text demands for grades in school and pathways after school
  • Students’ Lexile levels predict how well they “measure up” to the text demands they will face
activity 2 meeting text demands in your classroom
Activity 2:Meeting Text Demands in Your Classroom
  • What are the typical text measures for your grade level classroom? [Text Demand by Grade Chart]
  • What is the Lexile range for your classroom? [Classroom Score Report]
  • How well do your students “match up” with the typical texts at your level? With the actual texts in your classroom?
  • What do you do to support students whose reading levels don’t match your texts?
  • What might you do? How might Lexiles help you?
lexiles and life after school
Lexiles and Life After School
  • Adult Text Demands: What is the range of text typically encountered as an informed citizen, consumer, and worker?

1100L to 1400L

lexiles and the news
Lexiles and The News
  • Reuters
  • NY Times
  • Washington Post
  • Wall Street Journal
  • Chicago Tribune
  • Associated Press
  • USA Today
lexiles and the news39
Lexiles and The News
  • Reuters (1440L)
  • NY Times (1380L)
  • Washington Post (1350L)
  • Wall Street Journal (1320L)
  • Chicago Tribune (1310L)
  • Associated Press (1310L)
  • USA Today (1200L)
lexiles and lifelong reading
Lexiles and Lifelong Reading
  • Aetna Health Care Discount Form
  • Medical Insurance Benefit Package
  • Application for Student Loan
  • Federal Tax Form W-4
  • Installing Your Child Safety Seat
  • Microsoft Windows User Manual
  • GM Protection Plan
  • CD-DVD Player Instructions
lexiles and lifelong reading41
Lexiles and Lifelong Reading
  • Aetna Health Care Discount Form (1360L)
  • Medical Insurance Benefit Package (1280L)
  • Application for Student Loan (1270L)
  • Federal Tax Form W-4 (1260L)
  • Installing Your Child Safety (1170L)
  • Microsoft Windows User Manual (1150L)
  • GM Protection Plan (1150L)
  • CD-DVD Player Instructions (1080L)
lexile study student readiness for postsecondary options gary williamson ph d 2004
Lexile Study: “Student Readiness for Postsecondary Options” Gary Williamson, Ph.D. (2004)

Median Text Measures:

  • 11th/12th grade (LA/SS textbooks): 1090L
  • Military (training/field manuals): 1180L
  • Citizenship (newspapers, voting, jury): 1230L
  • Workplace (Daggett study materials): 1260L
  • Postsecondary - first two yrs (textbooks): 1355L
    • GED Test Materials: 1060L
    • SAT/ACT Test Materials: 1180L
slide43

Lexiles and Jobs

scientist

accountant

15

14

teacher

executive

13

12

nurse

11

supervisor

10

sales

9

secretary

8

7

foreman

Job Level

6

clerk

5

craftsman

4

construction

3

service

2

1

labor

0

700

900

1100

1300

1500

Reader measure (in Lexiles)

Data: National Adult Literacy Study (1992)

slide44

Lexiles and Salary

5.2

$75,000 +

5

$50,000-$74,999

4.8

$40,000-$49,999

4.6

$30,000-$39,999

Log Income

$20,000-$29,999

4.4

$15,000-$19,999

$10,000-$14,999

4.2

4

$5,000-$9,999

3.8

700

800 900 1000

1100 1200

1300

1400 1500

Data: National Adult Literacy Study (1992)

understanding the lexile framework

Understanding the Lexile Framework

Big Idea: Lexiles allow us to… Match Reader Ability and Text Difficulty

two underlying concepts of the lexile framework
Two Underlying Concepts of the Lexile Framework
  • Text Readability
    • The difficulty of reading materials (based on dimensions or characteristics of the text)
  • Reader Ability
    • The ability of readers to construct meaning from text (as measured on tests)

Based on the relationship between Reader Ability and Text Readability, it is possible to…

    • Predict Reading Comprehension
    • Differentiate Instruction
    • Measure Reader Progress and Growth
lexile framework components

The Lexile® Map

The Lexile

Analyzer®

Linked

Reading Test

Measures Reader Ability

Measures

Text Readability

Links Text & Reader

Test of

Reading

Development

Lexile Framework Components
activity analyzing text readability
ActivityAnalyzing Text Readability
  • Read and examine the following two passages.
  • Write down 2-4 ways that the passages differ.
  • Share and compare your observations with your neighbor’s.
clifford s manners bridwell 300l
Clifford’s Manners(Bridwell, 300L)

Clifford loves to go visiting. When he visits his sister in the country, he always calls ahead. Clifford always arrives on time. Don’t be late. Knock before you walk in. He knocks on the door before he enters. He wipes his feet first. Wipe your feet. Clifford kisses his sister. He shakes hands with her friend. Shake hands. Wash up before you eat. Clifford’s sister has dinner ready. Clifford washes his hands before he eats. Clifford chews his food with his mouth closed. He never talks with his mouth full. Don’t talk with your mouth full. Help clean up. Clifford helps with the clean-up. Say good-bye. Then he says thank you and good-bye to his sister and to his friend. Everyone loves Clifford’s manners.

(260L)

discourse on the methods and meditations on first philosophy r descartes 1720l
Discourse on the Methods and Meditations on First Philosophy(R. Descartes, 1720L)

To such a class of things pertains corporeal nature in general, and its extension, the figure of extended things, their quantity or magnitude and number, as also the place in which they are, the time which measures their duration, and so on. That is possibly why our reasoning is not unjust when we conclude from this that Physics, Astronomy, Medicine and all other science which have as their end the consideration of composite things, are very simple and very general, without taking great trouble to ascertain whether they are actually existent or not, contain some measure of certainty and an element of indubitable.

(1870L)

text characteristics that influence readability
Text Characteristics that Influence Readability
  • Syntactic Complexity
    • The number of words per sentence
    • Longer sentences are more complex and require more short-term memory to process
  • Semantic Difficulty
    • The frequency with which words appear in MetaMetrics’ Corpus of written text (which contains over 1-billion words)
    • Less familiar words impede reading fluency and affect comprehension
teachers can use the free lexile analyzer to
Teachers can use the freeLexile Analyzer to:
  • Determine the readability level of:
    • Documents saved as text (.txt) files
    • Teacher-prepared materials
    • Scanned documents (translated to text with optical character recognition - OCR - software)
    • Text copied from the Internet
activity 4 predicting lexile measures
Activity 4Predicting Lexile Measures
  • Think of a book you have read recently
  • Consider what you recall about its syntactic complexity (sentence length) and semantic difficulty (word familiarity)
  • Predict your book’s Lexile measure and write down your prediction
limitations of lexile measures what lexiles don t address
Text Characteristics

Age Appropriateness of Content

Text Support

Text Quality

Reader Characteristics

Interest and Motivation

Background Knowledge

Reading Context and Purpose

Limitations of Lexile MeasuresWhat Lexiles don’t address
  • Lexiles only measure text readability.
  • Therefore, input from readers, parents, teachers, and librarians is always necessary.
readability of harry potter and the
Readability of Harry Potter and the…
  • Order of the Phoenix
  • Chamber of Secrets
  • Goblet of Fire
  • Prisoner of Azkaban
  • Sorcerer’s Stone
readability of harry potter and the57
Order of the Phoenix (950L)

Chamber of Secrets (940L)

Goblet of Fire (880L)

Prisoner of Azkaban (880L)

Sorcerer’s Stone (880L)

Half-Blood Prince

Readability of Harry Potter and the…

(1030L)

michael crichton titles lexile measures
Michael Crichton Titles: Lexile Measures?
  • Rising Sun
  • Disclosure
  • Sphere
  • Timeline
  • Airframe
  • A Case of Need
  • The Lost World
  • The Terminal Man
  • Jurassic Park
  • The Andromeda Strain
  • Congo
  • The Great Train Robbery
  • Eaters of the Dead
michael crichton titles lexile measures59
Michael Crichton Titles: Lexile Measures
  • Rising Sun 540L
  • Disclosure 590L
  • Sphere 610L
  • Timeline 620L
  • Airframe 640L
  • A Case of Need 650L
  • The Lost World 670L
  • The Terminal Man 690L
  • Jurassic Park 710L
  • The Andromeda Strain 840L
  • Congo 940L
  • The Great Train Robbery 1060L
  • Eaters of the Dead1090L
use the lexile book database to
Use the Lexile Book Database to:
  • Determine the Lexile measure of a book (using title, author, or ISBN#)
  • Find books related to a topic or theme in a targeted Lexile range through a Keyword Search
activity 4 lexiles in your classroom
Activity 4Lexiles in Your Classroom
  • How might you help your students (parents?) understand Lexiles?
  • How will you get Lexile scores for your students?
  • How might you use Lexiles to support teaching and learning in your classroom?
  • What questions do you have about Lexiles and reading?
matching reader ability and text readability

Matching Reader Abilityand Text Readability

Big Idea: Students read, comprehend, and grow more if…Reader Ability and Text Readability Match

how is reading growth like weight training the classroom as a reading gym
How is reading growth like weight training?The Classroom as a Reading“Gym”
  • The levels of lifting (reading) ability vary - so should the levels of challenges.
  • The weight(text level)can be adjusted to match the person.
  • A lifter(reader)gets stronger when challenged, but not when overloaded.
  • Alllifters(readers) - no matter what their levels - can grow stronger in the same Gym(classroom).
building reading strength
Building Reading Strength…
  • A reader builds “strength” by reading matched text - text that is within his/her Lexile range.
  • As a reader builds “strength,” comprehension and the text level he or she can comprehend increase.
  • While tests help us estimate reading ability, the the best measure of a reader’s “strength” is the level of text he/she can read and comprehend.
lexile comprehension model
Lexile Comprehension Model

Reader Ability (in Lexiles)

- Text Readability (in Lexiles)

Forecasted Comprehension

When RA - TR = 0, Comprehension = 75%

predicting comprehension matching text the lexile calculator

Less Challenging

100%

80%

75

60%

Forecasted Comprehension Rate

40%

20%

More Challenging

0%

-1000

-750

-500

-250

0

250

500

750

Reader - Text(in Lexiles)

Predicting Comprehension & Matching Text: TheLexile Calculator

Targeted text range

90%

50%

-50 to +100

activity 5 predicting textbook comprehension
Activity 5Predicting Textbook Comprehension
  • Determine the Lexile level of a textbook passage from your classroom level.
  • Study the patterns of students’ Lexile levels in your classroom.
  • Predict how well different groups of students will comprehend the text.
science textbook estimate this passage s lexile level
Science TextbookEstimate this passage’s Lexile level

Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter also has properties which can be observed. These properties are color, texture, shape, size, hardness, smell, temperature, magnetic attraction, dissolvability in liquid, and buoyancy. Buoyancy is the upward force of water or air that keeps things afloat. An example of buoyancy is a boat floating on top of water.

Mass is the amount of matter that makes up an object. It can be measured in kilograms and grams. A balance can be used to measure mass.

The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A solid has definite shape and amount of space. Examples of solids are a book, pencil, and desk. A liquid takes the shape of its container and takes up a definite amount of space. Orange juice, water, and oil are examples of liquids. A gas does not have a definite shape or take up a definite amount of space. Helium and oxygen are examples of gases.

science textbook estimate this passage s lexile level70
Science TextbookEstimate this passage’s Lexile level

Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter also has properties which can be observed. These properties are color, texture, shape, size, hardness, smell, temperature, magnetic attraction, dissolvability in liquid, and buoyancy. Buoyancy is the upward force of water or air that keeps things afloat. An example of buoyancy is a boat floating on top of water.

Mass is the amount of matter that makes up an object. It can be measured in kilograms and grams. A balance can be used to measure mass.

The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A solid has definite shape and amount of space. Examples of solids are a book, pencil, and desk. A liquid takes the shape of its container and takes up a definite amount of space. Orange juice, water, and oil are examples of liquids. A gas does not have a definite shape or take up a definite amount of space. Helium and oxygen are examples of gases.

790L

predicting comprehension
Predicting Comprehension
  • How well do you think Alex Isles’ Lexville students will comprehend the science text passage?
    • Jordyn and David?
    • Maria and Jon?
    • Peter and Caitlin?
    • Letisha?
why 75 comprehension
Why 75% Comprehension?

Years of MM research suggests that at 75%…

  • A reader can have a successful reading experience without frustration or boredom
  • A reader can achieve “functional comprehension” of the text
  • A reader will be sufficiently challenged (by vocabulary and syntax) to improve

75% is the “right amount of challenge”

managing comprehension
Managing Comprehension
  • Readers can experiencefrustration when…
    • Text readability is 100L+ above their Lexile level
  • Readers can experience ease when…
    • Text readability is 50-100L below their Lexile level
  • Readers can experience growth when…
    • Text readability is within their Lexile range

General Reading Recommendation:

Targeted text range of 100L below to 50L above the student’s Lexile level

Note: This range may vary based on text type, reading context and purpose,

reading strategies and support, and reader motivation.

identifying a student s lexile range
Identifying a Student’s Lexile Range
  • Review the student’s Lexile score
  • “Round” the student’s score to the nearest 50L (when in doubt, round down)
  • Subtract 100L and add 50L to get a Lexile range
activity 6 grouping students matching text
Activity 6Grouping Students & Matching Text
  • Re-examine the patterns of Lexile levels in your Lexville classroom.
  • “Round” students’ scores/ranges to the nearest 50L level (when in doubt, round down).
  • Build a Lexile range around the rounded number (100L below to 50L above) for each student.
  • Cluster students who have similar Lexile ranges.
  • Chart in the range of typical text (or level of actual text) encountered at your grade level.
  • Group students for “text matching” based on the relationship of their Lexile levels and the text level/range.
  • Determine Lexile ranges for supplemental text needed to match students’ Lexile ranges.
student groups for text matching
Student Groups for Text Matching
  • Lexile levels match text range:able to read and comprehend independently with growth
  • Lexile levels above text range:may need supplemental (higher Lexile) text to grow
  • Lexile levels within 250L below text range:mayneed supplemental (lower Lexile) text to build background and promote grow
  • Lexile levels 250L+ below text range:need alternative materials to comprehend content
  • Students outside the class range (either end):need alternative materials and instruction
classroom profile for text matching

Text Range Targets

Need alternative materials & instruction

Will need alternative materials and/or scaffolding to comprehend content, avoid frustration, and grow

May need supplemental (lower Lexile) text to build background and promote growth

Typical Grade 4 Text Demands:

650-850L

Able to read and comprehend text independently and grow as readers

May need supplemental (higher Lexile) text to grow

Need alternative materials & instruction

Classroom Profilefor Text Matching

350L & below

250L-550L

500L-700L

600L-900L

Science Text790L

850L-1050L

classroom profile for text matching79

Text Range Targets

Need alternative materials & instruction

Will need alternative materials and/or scaffolding to comprehend content, avoid frustration, and grow

May need supplemental (lower Lexile) text to build background and promote growth

Typical Grade 7 Text Demands:

950-1075L

Able to read and comprehend text independently and grow as readers

May need supplemental (higher Lexile) text to grow

Needs alternative materials & instruction

Classroom Profilefor Text Matching

400L & below

550L-800L

700L-950L

Science Text1025L

900L-1150L

1050L-1200L

1200L+

text matching a vision of the future
Text Matching: A Vision of the Future
  • Achieve 3000 KidBiz and TeenBiz
  • Online student “news zine”
  • Determines each student’s Lexile reading level
  • Adjusts text level to match student
why is text matching important

Why is text matching important?

Matched Text = Increased Reading Growth

tracking lexile growth some considerations
Tracking Lexile Growth:Some Considerations
  • Lexiles provide an authentic measure of reading growth - because they relate to text readability levels.
  • “True” growth takes time - from 6 months to 2 years before significant changes may be seen.
  • Students’ Lexilemeasure/range (derived from tests) are only estimates and subject to measurement error.
  • Scores may fluctuate up and down over shorter periods of time, especially for students on either end of the spectrum.
  • The increasing Lexile level of text that a student can successfully read is still the most authentic measure of growth.
activity 7 lexville student case study
Activity 7Lexville Student Case Study
  • State Reading Test Scores:
    • 3rd Grade Standard:440L
    • Teressa 3rd Grade Score: Not meeting - Lexile Equivalent:410L
    • 4th Grade Standard: 565L
  • Teressa’s 4th Grade PAS scores: Sept-332L Dec-490L

Observations: Teressa is an energetic and willing student. Her reading fluency is typical of her classmates, but in oral reading she seems to “word call” and often does not comprehend what she reads. For independent reading, she chooses books that her more advanced friends are reading, but often gets up and talks to other students during reading time. She struggles when reading our science and social studies books.

Teressa

positive communication to increase growth
Positive Communication to Increase Growth
  • How would you prepare to talk with this student and his/her family about Lexiles, reading status, and growth?
  • What key information would you emphasize to the student? To his/her family?
  • How might you work together to establish reading growth goals and track progress?
  • How might you empower the student and family to encourage reading growth?
communicating about growth
Communicating about Growth
  • Explain both the power and limitations of Lexiles as a measure of reading growth.
  • Focus on ranges rather than specific numbers.
  • Avoid referring to “grade levels” if possible.
  • Use examples of books as reference points.
  • Provide an honest picture of the student, but also emphasize “destinations” and potential for growth.
  • Use a growth chart to picture growth graphically.
  • Expect and celebrate growth for all students.
using a reading growth chart
Using a Reading Growth Chart
  • A reading growth chart is a tool that displays graphically the reading development of students.
    • A student’s progress in relation to standards
      • Performance standards on tests
      • “Authentic” standard: reading demands of grade-level materials
    • The student’s pattern and rate of Lexile growth
  • Sources for reading growth charts:
    • Charts built from the Lexile Map
    • Charts from classroom assessment programs
    • Charts created by a school or teacher.
slide87

Charting “Authentic” Growth with Lexiles

Adult Text Demands

Lexile Level - Text & Readers

Student’s PAS Scores

Grade Level Text Demands

Student’s State Test Scores

TAKS Reading Standards - 05

Grade Level

classroom reading growth chart

Growth: 275L

400L

1200L

800L

600L

1000L

Classroom Reading Growth Chart

USA Today

Teressa

High school math text: 1150L

5th grade social studies text: 930L

Teressa’s goal: Harry Potter

4th grade science text: 790L

Teressa’s Lexile Range: 4th Grade Spring [585-735L]

State Test: 685L - Exceeds Standard!

4th grade reading series (ave.): 660L

Encyclopedia Brown Saves the Day: 570L

4th Grade Standard: 565L

Dec. SRI: 490L

Teressa’s Lexile Range: 3th Grade Spring [310-460L]

3rd Grade State Test: 410L

Arthur books

Sept. SRI: 332L

use the on line lexile calculator to
Use the On-line Lexile Calculator to:
  • Illustrate to parents how Lexiles are used to predict reading comprehension and match readers to text.
  • Talk about a student’s growth within a school year - and forecast how well he or she will match up with text in the future.
classroom growth chart
Classroom Growth Chart:
  • Use the Lexile scale as an organizer.
  • Record Lexile measures from tests to show how “tall” a reader measures at various points in time.
  • Record Lexile measures of books read to show how “strong” a reader is at various points in time.
  • Use multiple measures to show varied “snapshots” of growth.
activity studying classroom growth patterns
ActivityStudying Classroom Growth Patterns
  • Study the Sample Class Growth Data from your Lexville sample classroom (4th, 7th, or 10th grade)
  • What patterns of growth do you see across the three points of Lexile data?
  • How do the patterns compare within the class?
  • What are the implications for tracking and talking about Lexile growth?
classroom growth patterns
Classroom Growth Patterns

Ave. Gains T1 to T2 = 87L

Ave. Gains T2 to ST = 68L

Ave. Gains T1 to ST = 155L

stepping on the scale
Stepping on the Scale
  • Like a person’s weight, measurements of reading growth can fluctuate based on many factors.
  • Schools, students, and parents should use multiple Lexile measures to monitor growth over time.
activity 3 charting growth in your classroom
Activity 3Charting Growth in Your Classroom
  • How might you create a growth chart for your classroom?
    • Use the Lexile template?
    • Create your own chart?
  • What “reference” points might you use for all students (text scores, texts)?
  • How might you involve students in monitoring their own growth as readers?
using lexile resources to support and differentiate instruction

Using Lexile Resources to Support and Differentiate Instruction

Big Idea:

Lexiles help teachers respond to students’ needs by…Matching Readiness and Content

lexiles can empower
Lexiles can empower…
  • Teachers:
    • by helping them know more about their students
    • by informing their efforts to differentiate instruction
    • by providing access to text resources that “match” their students
  • Students:
    • by connecting them to “accessible” text
    • by allowing them to measure and celebrate their own growth as readers
  • Families:
    • by making it possible for them to participate in their students’ reading development
what teachers need
What teachers need…
  • Classroom reports of their students’ Lexile scores
    • Fall (to profile, group, and match text)
    • Spring (to chart and celebrate growth)
  • Lexile levels for their textbooks and books in their classrooms and library
  • Access to the Internet and to resources such as lexile.com, online databases, and other search tools
  • Opportunities to collaborate and develop tiered reading/resource lists
and need to know
…and need to know

How to:

  • Use Lexiles as a reading measurement system
  • Profile students, predict comprehension, and match readers to text
  • Access and use online resources
  • Develop and use tiered reading/resource lists to support differentiation
  • Understand, chart, and explain patterns of Lexile growth
lexiles and differentiation diagnosing and planning instruction
Lexiles and Differentiation Diagnosing and Planning Instruction
  • Profiling: How does what I am teaching (text Lexile measure) match my students’ Lexile measures?
  • Assessing Readiness: What do I know or can I learn about my students’ readiness for learning?
  • Assessing Interest: How can I learn about my students’ interests and combine this with Lexile levels?
lexiles and differentiation finding appropriate matched text
Lexiles And Differentiation Finding Appropriate (Matched) Text
  • Matching Text:How can I supplement my teaching materials to reach more of my students at their Lexile level?
    • Develop tiered book lists: Use the Lexile Book Database, your school/community library, and on-line resources to find relevant books at varied Lexile levels.
    • Develop tiered resource lists: Use online resources and the Lexile Analyzer to find supplementary materials to address topics or themes you are teaching.
    • Empower students and families to use Lexile resources to find materials that match their Lexile levels and interests.
activity 2 using lexile tools to build a tiered reading resource list
Activity 2Using Lexile Tools to Build a Tiered Reading/Resource List
  • Identify a theme or topic.
  • Review the text range targets from your classroom profile.
  • Use Internet search engines to find interesting, relevant text that matches your text range targets:
    • Lexile Book Database
    • Lexiled Resource Databases (EBSCO, ProQuest)
    • Teacher Search Tools (NetTrekker)
    • Google (or other search engines)
  • Use the Lexile Analyzer to measure the level of any text not already Lexiled.
  • Build a student web quest worksheet.
activity building a webquest worksheet
ActivityBuilding a Webquest Worksheet
  • Use the Internet to find resources at targeted Lexile levels.
  • Record resource information in the worksheet.
  • Build in links to resource web sites.
  • Sort by Lexile levels?
  • Email worksheet to students.
making a difference with lexiles appropriate text a tiered resource list
Making a Difference with LexilesAppropriate Text: A Tiered Resource List
  • Class: 4th or 5th grade
  • Lexile range: 500L-1000L
  • Topic: Native Americans
  • Teacher Resources: NetTrekker, Lexile Analyzer
a tiered reading list for hs science
A Tiered Reading List for HS Science
  • Class: 9th grade Integrated Science
  • Lexile range: 700-1320+
  • Topic: Stem Cell Research
  • Teacher Resources: EBSCO, Google, Lexile Analyzer
  • Activities: Web Quest, article jigsaw, concept mapping (graphic organizer)
lexiles and differentiation grouping
Lexiles And DifferentiationGrouping
  • Grouping: How can I organize learning (grouping) based on what I know about my materials, students, and their readiness?
    • Ability groups: Use Lexile and pre-test information to put students in ability-based groups some of the time.
    • Interest groups: Jigsaw (reorganize) students in cross-Lexile heterogeneous groups some of the time.
    • Experts: Organize students and materials so that all students are “experts” in some area, and the entire group/class depends on their expertise.
accessing lexile resources available to teachers www lexile com

Accessing Lexile ResourcesAvailable to Teacherswww.Lexile.com

Big Idea: Lexile resources support teachers in… Matching Reader Ability and Text Difficulty

using all the tools in the toolbox
Using All the Tools in the Toolbox
  • Teachers, students, and parents can access many free Lexile resources through the Internet
  • When teachers, students, and parents can use Lexile resources and tools strategically and reflectively, they are empowered
lexiling your library
Lexiling Your Library
  • Web site—www.Lexile.com (http://educators.lexile.com)

- Free

- Continuously updated

  • Library Software Services

- Follett Software Company’s Find-a-Book Service

- Update MARC Record Tag 521

- Similar services also available through Alexandria and Sagebrush

use the on line lexile calculator to115
Use the On-line Lexile Calculator to:
  • Estimate the forecasted reading-comprehension rate for a student or class on a grade-level “book bag”
  • Estimate what reading ability a student needs to achieve a targeted reading-comprehension rate
use the lexile book database to116
Use the Lexile Book Database to:
  • Determine the Lexile measure of a book (using title, author, or ISBN#)
  • Find books related to a topic or theme in a targeted Lexile range through a Keyword Search
use the lexile analyzer to
Use the Lexile Analyzer to:
  • Determine the readability level of:
    • Documents saved as text (.txt) files
    • Teacher-prepared materials
    • Scanned documents (translated to text with optical character recognition - OCR - software)
    • Text copied from the Internet
use lexile reading pathfinders to
700LBig-Air Snowboarding, by McKenna, Anne T.

Extreme Sports

Describes the history, equipment, techniques, and safety measures of Big-Air Snowboarding.

740LExtreme Snowboarding, by Ryan, Pat

Extreme Sports

Follow the history of Snowboarding, from its invention as a little girl's toy, to the daredevil sport of today.

740LExtreme Wakeboarding, by McKenna, Anne T.

Extreme Sports

Describes the history, equipment, and safety measures of Extreme Wakeboarding.

770LSnow Mountain Biking, by Glaser, Jason

Extreme Sports

Describes the history, equipment, and contemporary practice of Snow Mountain Biking.

780LBungee Jumping, by Glaser, Jason

Extreme Sports

Discusses the history, stunts, competitions, equipment, and safety measures of Bungee Jumping.

800LAggressive In-Line kating, by McKenna, Anne T.

Extreme Sports

Describes the history, equipment, and safety measures of Aggressive Style In-Line Skating.

Find the Lexile levels and range for a reading series (e.g., Nancy Drew)

Find a pre-established set of books on a topic or theme with an identified Lexile range

Use Lexile Reading Pathfinders to:
use lexile power vocabulary to
Use Lexile Power Vocabulary™ to:
  • Find vocabulary development resources, games, and tests that have been developed for 80+ Lexiled books
    • Downloadable and printable in PDF format
    • Titles and levels range from Amos and Boristo Heart of Darkness (410L to 1190L)
lexiled classroom resources

Lexiled Classroom Resources

Available by Subscription

use internet databases ebsco proquest to
Use Internet databases (EBSCO, Proquest) to:
  • Find on-line periodical articles and instructional resources by Lexile measure
  • Build tiered supplemental reading lists on content topics (to support differentiated instruction)
  • Support student web-quest activities
use nettrekker search engines to
Use NetTrekker Search Engines to:
  • Search for teacher-reviewed websites and on-line resources related to:
    • Content areas
    • Topics and themes
    • Famous persons
  • Search by readability and Lexile levels and/or determine levels for relevant resources
use other lexile partner resources
Use Other Lexile Partner Resources
  • Scholastic SRI, Reading Counts, Read 180, and book catalogs: Reading improvement products based on Lexiles
  • EdGate Total Reader: Content reading passages used to assess students’ Lexile levels
  • Achieve 3000 KidBiz and TeenBiz: Online student periodicals that adapt to students’ Lexile levels
the s cholastic r eading i nventory
The Scholastic Reading Inventory
  • SRI uses modified Cloze item format
  • Computer adaptive
  • Student selects interest areas
  • Generates Lexiled reading lists, letters, growth reports
scholastic reading counts
Scholastic Reading Counts
  • Reading motivation program (like AR)
  • Books leveled by Lexiles
  • Computer-generated quizzes
  • SRI can be integrated
  • Reports progress in Lexiles
scholastic read 180
Scholastic Read 180
  • Intervention based on Lexile theory
  • Matches texts to readers based on Lexiles and interests
  • Uses multi-media to build interest and background
  • Instructional model translates to regular classroom
teachers workshop using lexile resources
Teachers Workshop:Using Lexile Resources

Go to:

Lexile Professional Development

Click on “ Lexile Full-day”

Download:

“Teachers’ Workshop Follow-up Activities

michelle 7th grade reading la
Michelle -7th Grade Reading/LA
  • Profiled all 7th grade reading classes for Lexile text matching - provided scores to students
  • Taught students (and parents) about Lexiles and lexile.com resources
  • Tracked reading growth with Lexile scores
  • Organized curriculum (Lit anthology), independent reading logs, and research assignments around Lexiles
  • Taught reading strategies in relation to matched text
  • Sent home newsletters and end-of-year growth summaries focused on Lexiles

60% of students exceeded standards; average growth of 160L!

debbie high school health
Debbie - High School Health
  • Existing Context: A problem-based environmental health unit for 9th grade students
    • Given a problem (e.g., asbestos, nuclear testing) and a community (e.g., a Canadian mountain town, a Marshall Island village)
    • Research the environmental health problem
    • Develop a community site map
    • Produce a paper and group media presentation
  • NEW: Organized materials/topics by Lexile level and students by Lexile scores (to facilitate text matching)
  • NEW: Assigned students to find additional resources on their topic at their Lexile level(using EBSCO)

All students successfully completed the project (a first)!

contact information
Contact Information
  • 1.888.LEXILES

(1.888.539.4537)

  • www.Lexile.com
  • profdev@lexile.com
  • rick_dills@gbsd.gresham.k12.or.us