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Project REAL Rural Early Adolescent Learning Social and Academic Interventions for Rural Schools National Rural Education Association Kansas City, Missouri October 23 Allen Murray Director of Intervention Services Victoria A. Schaefer Research Assistant & Intervention Consultant
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National Rural Education Association
Kansas City, Missouri
Director of Intervention Services
Victoria A. Schaefer
Research Assistant & Intervention Consultant
National Research Center on Rural Education Support
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Rural school systems are strongly challenged by problems associated with teacher shortages, particularly in high demand subjects.
Nationally, the poverty rate is higher in rural areas for all population groups. In addition, the more rural a person is, the more likely they are to be poor. The rate of poverty among rural children is over 20% - 1 in every 5 children.
Poverty & Racial/Ethnic Diversity
Diversity – Special Needs - Exceptional Children
Overcoming Hurdles with Strengths
High levels of community involvement
High levels of civic involvement
Higher rates of voting – irrespective of party affiliation
Boys Girls Boys Girls
Student government 10.7 18.7 10.4 16.8
Vocational club 35.4 40.9 18.4 30.2
Band/drama 19.1 33.6 16.9 26.6
School sports 48.5 35.6 44.9 37.4
Honors club/society 10.7 19.712.1 17.7
Yearbook/newspaper 10.1 21.5 8.8 16.8
Cultural disconnects – life vs. media
The “stay vs. go” question and its implications for the role of public school?
Access to resources
Increasing numbers of ELL students
Highly variable access to technology
Goodwin, A.L. (2002). Teacher Preparation and The Education of Immigrant Children, Education and Urban Society, 34 (2), 156-172.
The Secretary’s Fourth Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom. (2005). US Department of Education.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. (July 2004) Rural Poverty At a Glance. Rural Development Research Report Number 100. retrieved online October 17, 2006 from http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/rdrr100/rdrr100_lowres.pdf
U.S. Department of Education, Condition of Education 2006, (2006).
US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data.