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Prevalence of Students in Special Education. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS. Prevalence. Prevalence-The TOTAL number of individuals with a particular disability currently existing in the population at a given time.

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prevalence of students in special education

Prevalence of Students in Special Education

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS

prevalence
Prevalence
  • Prevalence-The TOTAL number of individuals with a particular disability currently existing in the population at a given time.
  • Prevalence is expressed as a percentage of the population exhibiting a specific exceptionality.
  • e.g., if the prevalence of learning disabilities is estimated at 5% of the school age population, then we can reasonably assume that 5 out of every 100 students evidence a learning disability.
prevalence3
Prevalence
  • According to the US Dept of Education, approximately six million U.S. students (5,541, 166) between 6 and 21 years of age receive special education services
prevalence the big four 90
Prevalence-The Big Four (90%)
      • # of Children Percentage of Total
  • LD 2,817, 148 50.84%
  • Spch
  • & Lang 1,074, 548 19.39%
  • MR 611,076 11.02
  • ED 463,262 8.36
prevalence the other 10
Prevalence-The Other 10%
  • OHI 220,831 3.98
  • Mult Disab 107,763 1.94
  • Hear Imp 70, 883 1.27
  • Orthop Imp 69, 495 1.25
  • VI, Aut, DB --- 1.5
  • TBI, DD
facts about children with disabilities
Facts About Children with Disabilities
  • # of children has grown every year since a national count was begun in the 1976-1977 school year
  • Children with disabilities in special education represent approximately 9.0% of all children in school
  • Approximately 90% of all children and youth receiving special education are reported under 4 categories (1) LD; (2) S & L (3) MR & (4) ED
facts about children with disabilities7
Facts About Children with Disabilities
  • In the general education population, males and females are enrolled in equal proportion
  • About twice as many males as females receive special education
facts about children with disabilities8
Facts About Children with Disabilities
  • What about children birth through 5 years of age? IDEA addresses their needs in a separate section of the law.
  • In the general population, 206,000, or about 2%, of U. S. infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months) receive early intervention services
  • And almost 590,000 preschool children (ages 3 through 5 years), or approximately 5% of the U.S. preschool population, received early childhood services.