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Multimedia Sound Production Music Notation: Notes and Time Signatures Agenda Theory and Conventions Note Values, Graphical Form and Naming Conventions Bars and Notation Associated Note Rests Time Signatures and Tempo Theory and Conventions Musical notes are written on a Stave

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multimedia sound production

Multimedia Sound Production

Music Notation: Notes and Time Signatures

agenda
Agenda
  • Theory and Conventions
  • Note Values, Graphical Form and Naming Conventions
  • Bars and Notation
  • Associated Note Rests
  • Time Signatures and Tempo
theory and conventions
Theory and Conventions
  • Musical notes are written on a Stave
  • A stave is divided into note groups called Bars
  • A musical note has Pitch and Duration
  • The duration of a note is indicated by its graphical form
  • The duration of a note is measured in Beats
  • The number of notes each bar will contain depends on the note duration and the Time Signature
  • A common time signature is four beats to a bar
  • The notes and rests in each bar must add up to maintain

the correct number of beats in each bar for the given time signature

slide5

Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form

Graphical Form

Value in Beats

American Name

Classical Name

4

Whole Note

Semibreve

2

Half Note

Minim

slide6

Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form

Graphical Form

Value in Beats

American Name

Classical Name

1

Quarter Note

Crotchet

The crochet or quarter note defines the basic pulse of the piece

slide7

Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form

Graphical Form

Value in Beats

American Name

Classical Name

Eighth Note

Quaver

1/2

1/4

Sixteenth Note

Semi Quaver

slide9

Time Signatures

4/4 Time “Common Time”

44

slide10

Time Signatures

2/4 Time ‘March’

24

slide11

Time Signatures

3/4 Time ‘Waltz’

34

slide12

Musical Rest Duration and Graphical Form

Note

Rest

Semibreve

Symbol’s position

on bar-line indicates

the type of rest

Minim

Crochet

slide14

Semibreve and Minim Rests

Semibreve rest hangs from the fourth line

Minim rest sits on the third line

slide15

Dotted Notes and Rests

A dotted note or rest indicates that the note or rest duration is increased by half of its value

Crochet = two quavers

Dotted crochet = three quavers

slide16

Notes

Rests

slide17

Notes

Rests

Quavers joined with single bar

4

4

Semiquavers joined with double bar

slide18

Notes

Rests

2

4

Complete the bars to maintain two - four time

slide19

Notes

Rests

3

4

Complete the bars to maintain three - four time

essential reading
Essential Reading

Read the following to support and extend your understanding:

Charlton: pages 134-195 Rhythm

Further details on note values and graphical representation, tied notes and triplets