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Aircraft Certification and Operational Approval D. J. Hawkes Chairman JAA CNS/ATM Steering Group Luxembourg 2001 PowerPoint Presentation
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EUROCONTROL oint Aviation Authorities Aircraft Certification and Operational Approval D. J. Hawkes Chairman JAA CNS/ATM Steering Group Luxembourg 2001 RNAV in Terminal Airspace Workshop Key Objectives Meeting the requirements Meeting implementation schedules

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

EUROCONTROL

oint Aviation Authorities

Aircraft Certification

and

Operational Approval

D. J. Hawkes

Chairman JAA CNS/ATM Steering Group

Luxembourg 2001

RNAV in Terminal Airspace Workshop

key objectives
Key Objectives
  • Meeting the requirements
  • Meeting implementation schedules
  • Obtaining approval to fly RNAV
key milestones
Key Milestones

Approval to operate European RNAV routes

key milestones4
Key Milestones

Approval to operate European RNAV routes

Certification of aircraft modifications

key milestones5
Key Milestones

Approval to operate European RNAV routes

....which Authority ?

Certification of aircraft modifications

Approval of equipment

slide6

The Joint Aviation Authorities

  • The JAA is a European organisation operating from its headquarters in the Netherlands.
  • Under the terms of an Arrangements Document agreed by the 33 member states, common requirements are adopted and applied for
    • aircraft operational approval
    • airworthiness certification
    • aircraft maintenance, and
    • personnel licensing.
slide7

JAA is for:

  • airspace policy
  • implementation schedules
  • air traffic services
  • airport regulation
  • military aircraft
  • non-European carriers

not responsible

No separate legal identity outside the Netherlands. Requirements and decisions not legally binding on members.

National authorities are responsible for implementing JAA requirements and decisions.

slide8

ICAO (EUR/NAT)

ECAC

Albania

Lithuania

Armenia

Ukraine

Russian Federation

Estonia

JAA

Latvia

Azerbaijan

Belarus

EUROCONTROL

Kazakhstan

Georgia

Bulgaria

EU

Kyrgyzstan

Cyprus

Tajikistan

Malta

Austria

Moldova

Finland

Turkmenstan

Monaco

Ireland

Uzbekistan

Romania

Sweden

San Marino

Slovak Republic

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Slovenia

Switzerland

Luxembourg

Spain

NATO1

Portugal

Germany

Greece

Netherlands

Belgium

Denmark

France

UK

Italy

Poland

Turkey

Czech Republic

Iceland2

Hungary

Norway

The former Yugoslavian

Republic of Macedonia

Croatia

January 2001

1 NATO includes USA and Canada. 2 Iceland is in ICAO NAT Region.

slide9

Operational Requirements

  • JAR OPS-1 sets operational requirements which apply only to aeroplanes used for commercial air transportation where the principal place of business of the operator is in a JAA member state.
  • JAR OPS-3 applies to helicopters.
slide10

Airworthiness Requirements

  • JAA airworthiness requirements
  • (JAR-25, etc.) apply only to civil aircraft registered in a JAA member state.
          • For general aviation, national regulations and procedures apply, pending development of appropriate JAA requirements.
operators from non jaa states
Operators from Non JAA States
  • Will need to satisfy European airspace RNAV standards
  • Must apply to their own national Authority for approval
  • Authorities of Non JAA States may adopt JAA certification and operational material or publish equivalent standards.
slide12

JAA

JAA Guidance Leaflets

TGL No. 2 rev 1: Basic RNAV

TGL No. 3 rev 1: GPS

TGL No. 9: Database Assurance

TGL No. 10: Precision RNAV

slide13

Guidance Material in Preparation

  • RNAV Approach
  • RNP-RNAV
  • RNP-10
  • Reduced Longitudinal Separation
basic rnav jaa tgl 2 rev 1
Basic RNAVJAA TGL 2 rev 1
  • A simple standard for en-route navigation giving +/- 5NM lateral accuracy
  • Not compatible with complex procedures
  • Cockpit integration often very basic
  • Not compatible with high crew workload
  • Navigation database integrity an issue
  • Not intended for Terminal Airspace other than entry and exit.
precision rnav jaa tgl 10
Precision RNAVJAA TGL 10
  • An interim step towards the full ICAO RNP standard but relaxed to allow many existing aircraft to be accepted with minimum modification.
  • P-RNAV is applicable to Terminal Airspace including departures, arrivals, and approaches up to the point of the Final Approach Waypoint.
precision rnav
Precision RNAV
  • Lateral track keeping accuracy is +/- 1NM
  • Compatible with design criteria for airspace procedures and expected crew workload.
  • Certification criteria is based on a total of 17 Assumptions about the operating environment that the airspace authorities will need to address.
p rnav assumptions tgl 10 section 4
P-RNAV AssumptionsTGL 10 Section 4

Three (of the 17) important assumptions:

  • Airspace procedures satisfy PANS OPS and follow the guidelines of EUROCONTROL document NAV.ET1.ST10 ‘Guidance Material for the Design of Procedures for DME/DME and GNSS Area Navigation’.
  • The need to carry dual P-RNAV systems is identified in the AIP for terminal P-RNAV procedures with particular hazards.
  • RT phraseology for P-RNAV is promulgated.
slide18

Experience: Aircraft Equipage

Aircraft operators under-estimate the availability of equipment and installation service bulletins, the available capacity in modification centres, and the time needed to complete the approval processes.

“ A view in the mirror is not always good. ”

Zen

slide19

How long can it take ?

Problem recognised

Solution proposed

Statement of intent

1

how long can it take
How long can it take ?

Proof of concept

Standardisation:

ICAO, EUROCAE

Problem recognised

Safety studies

Solution proposed

Regulations prepared:

JAA, FAA, ATS

Statement of intent

Consultation and planning

Go Decision

1

3+

Years elapsed

slide21

How long can it take ?

Preparation by aircraft operators and ATS

Commercial arrangements

Equipment procurement and Modifications

Training

Certification & operational approval

Go Decision

Implementation

Years elapsed

3+

1

slide22

How long can it take ?

Proof of concept

Preparation by aircraft operators and ATS

Standardisation

Problem recognised

Commercial arrangements

Safety studies

Equipment procurement and Modifications

Solution proposed

Regulations

Training

Statement of intent

Consultation

Certification & operational approval

Go Decision

Go Decision

Implementation

Years elapsed

3+

1

7

next step
Next step?

Following that first important step of B-RNAV we now have the opportunity to introduce P-RNAV as the next step towards full RNP-RNAV operations.

conclusion
Conclusion

If we are to enjoy the full benefits that RNAV can bring, the air traffic services and the aircraft operators should be planning and preparing NOW !

slide25

Cautionary Note

  • Any views expressed in this presentation, or references made to publications, should not be interpreted as being the current policies of any national authority. Readers are advised to consult the latest publications of national authorities for information on applicable policies, requirements and guidance material.
  • Enquiries relating to the certification of aircraft systems, or to operational approvals, should be made to the applicant’s own national authority.
slide26

Obtaining Information: useful Web Sites

  • JAA
  • JAA Publisher
  • EUROCAE
  • EUROCONTROL
  • www.jaa.nl
  • www.global.ihs.com and www.avdataworks.com
  • www.eurocae.org
  • www.eurocontrol.be and
  • www.ecacnav.com