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Marine Corps Combat Fitness. Working Group 15 November 2007. Agenda. BLUF History Way Ahead Service Comparisons Body Composition Military Appearance Combat Fitness Due Outs Key References. BLUF. CMC Decisions Retain Circumference Method De-link PFT from Body Composition Evaluation

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marine corps combat fitness

Marine Corps Combat Fitness

Working Group

15 November 2007

agenda
Agenda
  • BLUF
  • History
  • Way Ahead
  • Service Comparisons
  • Body Composition
  • Military Appearance
  • Combat Fitness
  • Due Outs
  • Key References
slide3
BLUF
  • CMC Decisions
    • Retain Circumference Method
    • De-link PFT from Body Composition Evaluation
    • Incorporate Commander’s Assessment
    • Develop Military Appearance Program
  • CMC Guidance
    • “Body composition is not about fitness, it’s about appearance.”
    • Streamline Body Composition Assignment Process
    • 60 day moratorium period
    • “Associate Combat Fitness Test with combat functions.”
    • “Pick the best for the test.”
  • Recommending
    • Program development way ahead
    • Body composition standards
    • Combat Fitness Test Methodology
history
History

No evidence of Physical Readiness Test (PRT) policy

1775-1908

Pres. Roosevelt

Exec Ord

Line Officers - 50 mi walk / Staff Officers - 90 mi horseback ride

Conducted over 3 consecutive days

1909-1917

Walk/Ride suspended due to WWI. No evidence of PRT policy during this period

1918-1955

Males

LtCol or below

or <40 yrs

Chin ups, Pushups, Situps, 1 min squat thrusts, Broad jump, 50 yd Duck Waddle, 880 yd run for 30-40 yrs (no time limit), 440 yd run for <30 yrs (Sat-<75 sec)

Uniform

Shorts, shirt, athletic shoes

1956-1959

Uniform

Boots/ Utes, Weapon,

Light marching pack

Step Test, 20’ Rope Climb, Fireman’s Carry, Fire/Maneuver, 3M Forced March

Males

<40 yrs

(regardless of rank)

1960-1968

Males <46 yrs: Tested on 5 of 9 events

(1 from each group, no advance notice on test events)

Grp I- Pullups, Pushups or 20’ Rope Climb, Grp II-Situps or Leg Lifts, Grp III-Squat Thrusts, Grp IV-Broad Jump or Vertical Jump, Grp V-3M Run

Uniform: Boots/Utes

Females <35 yrs:

120’ shuttle run, Vertical Jump, Knee pushups, 600 yd run/walk, Situps

Uniform-Shorts, shirt, athletic shoes

1969-1971

1972-1974

Males <46 yrs: Pullups, Situps, 3M Run Females no change

Males <46 yrs: No change Females <46 yrs: Flexed Arm Hang, Situps, 1.5M Run

1975-1996

Males- “No Kip” Females-1.5M to 3M Run

1996

All Marines (regardless of age) take PFT, Situp to Crunch, Altitude waiver

1997

2007

MCMAP Tan Belt min reqt for All Marines

*Ref: USMC Historical Division

way ahead
Way Ahead
  • CG, TECOM decision brief Nov 07
  • MCCF Integrated Process Team IPC Nov 07
    • HQMC & OpFor stakeholders
  • Publish POA&M Nov 07
  • Publish CMC White Letter Nov 07
  • MCCF Integrated Process Team Workshop Dec 07
  • Combat Fitness Test Experiment & Evaluation Group IPC Dec 07
  • MCCF Integrated Process Team MPC Jan 08
  • Combat Fitness Test Experiment Jan – May 08
  • Interim implementation Mar 08
    • Promulgate MCO 6100.XX
      • Body Composition Program
      • Military Appearance Program
  • MCCF Integrated Process Team FPC April 08
  • Comprehensive program implementation Jun 08
    • Promulgate MCO 1500.XX
      • Physical Fitness Test
      • Combat Fitness Test
    • Revise MCRP 3-02A
      • Marine Corps Combat Fitness

CMC Decision Concur_X_ Non-concur____

service comparisons
Service Comparisons
  • DoD Standard (DoDInst 1308.3)
    • Height/weight
      • Established tables
    • Body fat
      • Male (18-26%)
      • Female (26-36%)
    • Body fat measurement
      • Circumference method is the only accepted DoD standard
service comparisons7
Service Comparisons
  • U.S. Marine Corps
    • DoD height/weight tables
    • Measure body fat using circumference method
      • Male (18%/PPE 22% w/1st class PFT)
      • Female (26%/PPE30% w/1st class PFT)
    • Marines exceeding body fat standards are assigned to the Body Composition Program (6 months)
  • U.S. Navy
    • DoD height/weight tables
    • Measure body fat using circumference method
      • Male (17-39): 22%
      • Male (40+): 23%
      • Female (17-39): 33%
      • Female (40+): 34%
    • Sailors exceeding body fat percentages are assigned to a weight loss program
service comparisons8
Service Comparisons
  • U.S. Army
    • Male
      • 17-20 (20%)
      • 21-27 (22%)
      • 28-39 (24%)
      • 40+ (26%)
    • Female
      • 17-20 (30%)
      • 21-27 (32%)
      • 28-39 (34%)
      • 40+ (36%)
  • U.S. Air Force
    • Air Force Fitness Program, by age (Weight is not utilized)
      • 1.5 mile run
      • Push Ups
      • Crunches
      • Body Composition (Points awarded relative to abdomen circumference)
        • Body fat percentages are not utilized. Abdomen girth produces a relative score which contributes to composite score. An Airman could be over fat, but achieve an AFFP passing score and not be placed on a weight loss program. The overall score is the determining factor.
      • For accessions, the Air Force established a BMI score utilizing the DoD height/weight table.
bcp actions
BCP Actions

(Current)

Exceeds BCP

standards and

ineligible for PPE

CO ltr

to MO

(Encl 1)

Medical

Evaluation

No

Medical

Condition

MO ltr

to CO

(Encl 2)

6105

CO ltr

to SNM

(Encl 3)

Assigned

to BCP

Medical conditions, combat and pregnancy create inactive status

Receives treatment

SNM ltr

to CO

(Encl 4)

Medical separation

  • Command Actions
  • Unit diary/MCTFS Entry
  • MCI 3316 “Basic Nutrition”
  • Remedial PT participation
  • Diet & exercise guidance
  • Bi-weekly BCE
  • Progress report/counseling

Month 4

MO ltr

to CO

(Encl 6)

Medical

Evaluation

CO ltr

to MO

(Encl 5)

Month 6

Medical separation

CO ltr to SNM (Encl 7)

Remove from BCP

Meets Standards

Granted 6 month extension

(Satisfactory progress)

Making progress

6105 Counseling Entry

Process for AdSep

BCP failure

12-24 Months

bcp consequences
BCP Consequences

(Current)

  • 6105 Counseling Entry
    • Notification of deficiencies
    • Corrective action
    • Consequences of failure
    • Defined timeline
  • Standards of Conduct
    • Failure to make satisfactory progress while assigned to BCP
    • 3.0-3.9
  • Adverse Fitness Report
    • Item 8.b (Code F or RDNT)
    • Item 8.f (Exceeds body fat standards)
    • Section I Comment (Assignment to BCP during reporting period)
    • Section I Comment (Failure to maintain acceptable military appearance)
    • Section I Comment (PFT failure not reflected in MCTFS)
  • Process for Administrative Separation
    • Par. 6215 MarCorSepMan
      • Honorable or General (Under Honorable Conditions)
      • When BCP failure is sole basis for separation

6206?

body composition
Body Composition
  • De-link PFT and tie BCP to military appearance
  • Simplify assignment process and paperwork
    • Single medical evaluation/determination
    • Single form vice multiple endorsements
  • Semi-annual requirement
    • Marine Corps height/weight standards
    • Body composition standards
    • Circumference method (2 testers/3 tests (average of 6 tests)
    • Commander’s assessment considerations
      • Appearance
      • Performance
      • Individual or photo evaluation
        • PT uniform
        • Service “C”
    • BCP assignment
      • 6 months (w/potential 6 month extension)
      • Meets standard or administratively separated
  • Waiver for the exceptional Marine who exceeds standards, “rare”
    • CG, M&RA waiver authority
  • Eliminate “Combat Zone” BCP assignment automatic suspension
    • CG, TECOM waiver authority
body composition12
Body Composition
  • COA 1
    • Males: 18-22%
      • < 18% (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program)
      • 18 - 22% (BCP or Military Appearance or Neither)
      • > 22% (BCP only)
    • Females: 26-30%
      • < 26% (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program)
      • 26 - 30% (BCP or Military Appearance or Neither)
      • > 30% (BCP only)
  • COA 2: Single point, adjusted by age

Age Body Fat (M/F)

17-26 18/26%

27-39 19/27%

40-45 20/28%

46+ 21/29%

    • < BC standard (Evaluated for Military Appearance Program)
    • > BC standard (BCP)

CMC Decision COA 1___ COA 2_X_

body composition13
Body Composition
  • Identified PFT/BCP deficiencies
    • BCP remediation period
    • BCP assignment initiation
    • BCP early termination procedures
    • BCP failure AdSep policy (EAS/retirement)
    • Underlying medical condition or disease criteria
    • Medical condition inactive status code
    • PFT exemption for PLD
    • RPCP requirement following BCP failure
    • Clarify post-partum criteria and PES reporting requirements
    • Post-combat PFT exemption
    • Activated IRR/SMCR PFT/BCP AC application
    • ACHCP/MO applicability to MFR
    • AIRS Checklist
    • Standardized training for BCE Evaluators
map actions
MAP Actions

(Proposed)

Meets

Standards

Meets

Standards

Conduct

body fat

evaluation

Conduct

height/weight

evaluation

No

No

Commander

conducts

MAP

assessment

Yes

Yes

MAP Components

  • CO assessment
  • SgtMaj oversight (Enlisted)
  • XO oversight (Officers)
  • Involved leadership
  • Mentorship
  • Remedial PT
  • Diet/Nutrition
  • Tobacco/Alcohol Cessation
  • Healthy Lifestyle
  • Performance
  • Fitness
  • Appearance
  • Evaluation

BCP

or

MAP

Assign

to BCP

(Derogatory)

Remedial PT

BCP

MAP

Meets

Standards

Administrative

Action

(Derogatory)

Remedial PT

Wellness Program

120-day

evaluation

Remedial PTP

(Caution)

60-day

evaluation/

Remedial PTP

(Warning)

No

map consequences
MAP Consequences

(Proposed)

Subjective

Repeatable

Quantifiable

Understandable

  • 60-day Letter of Notification
  • 60-day Letter of Caution
  • 6105 Counseling Entry (120-day)
    • Notification of deficiencies
    • Corrective action
    • Consequences of failure
    • Defined timeline
  • Standards of Conduct
    • Failure to make satisfactory progress while assigned to MAP
    • 3.0-3.9
  • Adverse Fitness Report
    • Section I Comment (Assignment to MAP during reporting period)
    • Section I Comment (Failure to maintain acceptable military appearance)
  • Competency Review Board
  • MAP assignment affects
    • Promotion
    • Assignment
    • Retention

CMC Decision Concur_X_ Non-concur____

terms of reference
Terms of Reference
  • Physical Fitness
    • The Marine Corps considers physical fitness to be the ability of a Marine to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty situation without undue fatigue.
  • Personal Fitness
    • The level of personal physical fitness which affords protection from injury, reduces the risk of hypokinetic diseases (disease resulting from inactivity), psychological stress and maintains Marine Corps ethos.
  • Vocational Fitness
    • The level of physical fitness required performing a specific job safely and effectively under normal operating conditions.
  • Combat Fitness
    • Combat Fitness can be defined against the following criteria:
    • Basic Combat Fitness.
      • The minimum maintenance level of individual physical fitness linked to the physical demands associated with Marine Corps service requirements.
    • Advanced Combat Fitness
      • The level of physical fitness related to operational readiness, which is required to support the unit’s operational mission.
terms of reference18
Terms of Reference
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
    • The ability of body systems to gather, process, and deliver oxygen.
  • Strength
    • The ability of a muscle to apply force.
  • Speed
    • The ability to minimize the time cycle of a repeated movement.
  • Power
    • The ability of a muscle to apply maximum force in minimum time.
  • Agility
    • The ability to minimize transition time from one movement pattern to another.
  • Flexibility
    • The ability to maximize the range of motion at a given joint.
  • Stamina
    • The ability of body systems to process, deliver, store, and utilize energy.
  • Coordination
    • The ability to combine several distinct movement patterns into a singular distinct movement
  • Balance
    • The ability to control the placement of the center of gravity.
  • Accuracy
    • The ability to control movement in a given direction or at a given intensity.
terms of reference19
Terms of Reference
  • Combat Fitness Test:

- The purpose of the CFT is to measure the physical fitness of Marines in a manner which specifically accounts for operational readiness, by using tests which reflect operational demands.

cmc guidance
CMC Guidance
  • PFT remains
  • PFT and CFT on same day
  • CFT tests broad combat related tasks
  • CFT counts
  • Minimal equipment
  • All hands
  • Grenade Throw, Dynamic Entry, Maneuver Under Fire, Casualty Carry, Casualty Drag, Ammo Resupply
  • 5 events
  • Pass/Fail
slide21

Combat Fitness Test Field Layout

75 yds

50 yds

25yds

Lines-Engineer tape

or chalk

Width of field varies based on how many are being tested. For filming, 50 yards

50 yds

Start

= Marker Cone

slide22

Grenade Throw

Test Procedure:

-Marine assumes start

position

-On command of monitor

at start line, Marine throws

1lb medicine ball as far as

possible. On follow-through,

the Marine’s body may

extend over the start line.

-Throw must land within

area of range fan to count

-Second monitor in landing

area records distance of

throw from the indentation

of the ball closest to the

start line.

-Second monitor calls mark

to monitor at start line who

records the mark and rolls

medicine ball back to start

line.

-Marine being tested gets

three attempts.

-Furthest throw counts as

score.

Uniform:

Boots and Utes

Equipment Needed:

-1 lb medicine ball

->50 yd measuring tape

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

75 yds

50 yds

Engineer tape or chalk marks “Range Fan”

25yds

Approx

30 Degrees

Start

Starting position:

R Handed throwers-R Knee back, Left foot forward

L Handed throwers-L Knee back, Right foot forward

= Marker Cone

slide23

Dynamic Entry

Test Procedure:

-Starting position is the

Standing position.

-On the command “Begin”,

Marine sprints and touches

line next toCone 2 with right

hand. Then sprints back

and touches line next t

Cone 1 with right hand.

Marine then sprints outside

of Cone 2 and takes an

inside path around Cone 3.

Marine then proceeds through

Cone 2 and bursts toward the

finish.

Uniform:

Boots and Utes

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

5 yds

2

3

5

yds

Start

1

Starting position:

Standing

= Marker Cone

slide24

Maneuver Under Fire(with Diagonal running)

Test Procedure:

-Marine assumes prone

position at start line

-On command “Begin”,

Marine covers a distance of

25 yds, using the High Crawl

technique (on knees and

elbows with head off ground).

-At 25 yard mark, Marine

rises and runs in zig-zag

manner through cones as

pictured:

-Cones 5 yds apart in

width and length

-When 50 yd line is

reached, Marine turns

around, hits the deck

and High Crawls

back to 25 yard line.

-At this line, Marine rises

and sprints to finish.

Uniform:

-Boots and Utes

-Elbow/knee pads and gloves

optional

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

75 yds

Turn around,

Hit the deck

5 yds

50 yds

5 yds

5 yd

Increments

High Crawl

25 yds

Zig-Zag run

25 yds

25yds

Rise to Zig-Zag run

Rise to straight line sprint

High Crawl

25 yds

Sprint

25 yds

Start

Starting position:

Prone position

= Marker Cone

slide25

Maneuver Under Fire (w/ Straight Ahead running)

Test Procedure:

-Marine assumes prone

position at start line

-On command “Begin”,

Marine covers a distance of

25 yds, using the High Crawl

technique (on knees and

elbows with head off ground).

-At 25 yard mark, Marine

rises and sprints to 50

yard line.

-Marine turns around, hits

the deck and High Crawls

back to 25 yard line.

-At this line, Marine rises

and sprints to finish.

Uniform:

-Boots and Utes

-Elbow/knee pads and gloves

optional

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

75 yds

Turn around, Hit the deck

50 yds

Sprint

25 yds

High Crawl

25 yds

25yds

Rise to sprint

Rise to sprint

High Crawl

25 yds

Sprint

25 yds

Start

Starting position:

Prone position

= Marker Cone

slide26

Test Procedure:

-Marines are paired up by

size. For greater accuracy

in pairing Marines, a scale

can be used with 10 lbs

the max difference allowed

when determining pairs. In

the case of extremely large

Marines for whom there is

no match in the group tested,

extra weight (SAPI, etc.)

will be put on the Marine

who is closest to the bigger

Marine in weight until the

difference in weight

is 10 lbs or less.

-The starting position for the

“Rescuer” is the prone

Position at the start line. The

“victim” is 50 yds away

In the supine position with

feet towards the start line.

-On command “Begin”, the

rescuer rises and sprints 50

yds to the victim.

-The rescuer lifts the victim

Into the Fireman’s Carry

position and sprints back to

the start line.

Uniform -Boots and Utes

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

-Scale

-SAPI as necessary

Casualty

Carry

75 yds

Starting position of “Victim”:

Supine position with feet towards start line

At 50 yd line, rescuer

lifts victim into the

Fireman’s Carry

position and sprints back

to the start line.

50 yds

25yds

On command “Begin”,

rescuer sprints towards

victim

Start

Starting position of “Rescuer”:

Prone position

slide27

Test Procedure:

-Marines are paired up by

size. For greater accuracy

in pairing Marines, a scale

can be used with 10 lbs

the max difference allowed

when determining pairs. In

the case of extremely large

Marines for whom there is

no match in the group tested,

extra weight (SAPI, etc.)

will be put on the Marine

who is closest to the bigger

Marine in weight until the

difference in weight

is 10 lbs or less.

-The starting position for the

“Rescuer” is the prone

Position at the start line. The

“victim” is 50 yds away

In the seated osition with

back towards rescuer.

-On command “Begin”, the

rescuer rises and sprints 50

yds to the victim.

-The rescuer lifts the victim

into the Buddy Drag

(underarm carry)

position and sprints back to

the start line.

Uniform: Boots and Utes

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

-Scale

-SAPI as necessary

Casualty

Drag

75 yds

Starting position of “Victim”:

Seated position, back towards

rescuer

At 50 yd line, rescuer

lifts victim into the

Buddy Drag position

(underarm carry) and

returns to start line.

50 yds

25yds

On command “Begin”,

rescuer sprints towards

victim

Start

Starting position of “Rescuer”:

Prone position

slide28

Test Procedure:

-The starting position is the

prone position. On the

command “Begin”, the

Marine rises, picks up

two (2) ammo cans, sprints

25 yds and returns to the start

line. The Marine changes

direction, Sprints to the

50 yd line and

returns to the start line. The

Marine changes direction,

sprints to the 75 yd line,

changes direction and sprints

to the finish. At each change

of direction, the Marine squats

and touches ammo cans

momentarily on the deck.

Uniform:

-Boots and Utes

Equipment Needed:

-Engineer tape or chalk

-Marker cones

-Stopwatch

-Two (2) 5.56 ammo cans

filled with dirt (20 lbs each)

Ammunition

Resupply

75 yds

50 yds

25yds

Running lane

point to point

Start

Starting position:

Prone position

= Marker Cone

slide29

Concurrent Actions: MRA develops Composite Score/FITREP CFT entries, MCO/ALMAR/IO Plan Development

PHASE II-Data Collection

PHASE 0- CMC

directs CFT

Combat Fitness Test

PHASE PLAN

PHASE I-Test

Procedure

Development

PHASE III-Test Refinement/

Scoring Table Development

PHASE IV-CFT

Implementation

PHASE V-

Assess

MCCFBCMAP

IPC

Interim report to EOS

MCCFBCMAP

FPC

due outs
Due Outs
  • IPC
    • Considerations
    • Design
    • Implementation POA&M
  • Products
    • White Letter
    • MarAdmin
    • MCO P6100.12 Revision (BCP/MAP)
      • Develop MAP
      • Correct BCP deficiencies
    • MCO 1500.X Development (CFT/PFT)
    • MCRP 3-02A Revision (Commander’s Tool)
    • AIRS Checklist Revision
key references
Key References
  • DoDDir 1308.1
  • DoDDir 1308.3
  • MCO P6100.12
  • MCRP 3-02A
  • AIRS Functional Area 350