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Hydraulic Valves. Objectives related to Valves. 1. State the function of a valve. 2. Describe the three types of valves. 3. List the four uses of pressure control valves. 4. Describe two types of relief valves, and their uses.

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objectives related to valves
Objectives related to Valves

1. State the function of a valve.

2. Describe the three types of valves.

3. List the four uses of pressure control valves.

4. Describe two types of relief valves, and their uses.

5. State the difference in cracking pressure and full-flow pressure.

6. Describe the two main types of pressure reducing valves.

7. State the function of a pressure sequencing valve.

8. State the function of unload valves.

9. List and describe the five types of directional control valves.

10. Explain the difference in a valve stack and a unibody valve.

11. List and describe two types of volume control valves.

12. List and describe the types of flow control valves.

13. List and describe the types of flow divider valves

14. Describe the proper procedures to follow before and during valves disassembly.

  • Describe the proper procedures to follow in reassembly of valves.
  • List and describe three ways valves can be actuated/operated.
  • Identify six common valve symbols
obj 1 functions of a valve
Obj 1. Functions of a valve
  • direct the flow of fluid
  • regulate the pressure
  • control volume
obj 2 three types of valves
Obj. 2 Three types of valves
  • Pressure – adjust psi for some purpose
  • Directional -- route the fluid to the desired actuator
  • Volume Control or Flow Control -- control the amount of flow
obj 3 uses of pressure control valves
Obj 3 Uses of pressure control valves
  • Limit system pressure
  • Reduce pressures
  • Set pressure at which oil enters a circuit
  • Unload a pump
obj 4 types of relief valves and their uses
Obj. 4 Types of relief valves, and their uses
  • Direct acting -- used with low volume and infrequent use
  • Pilot operated -- used with high volume with little pressure difference
obj 5 difference in cracking pressure and full flow pressure
Obj 5. Difference in cracking pressure and full-flow pressure
  • cracking -- pressure at which valve begins to open
  • full-flow -- pressure at which valve is allowing max flow
obj 6 two main types of pressure reducing valves
Obj 6. Two main types of pressure reducing valves
  • Constant reduced – Set to reduce a certain amount below the operating system pressure.
    • Ex. 1, Set constant reduced pressure at 500 psi and the system pressure is 2000 pressure, the valve will keep the system pressure at 1500
    • Ex. 2, Set at 500 psi and system pressure is 3000 pressure is reduced to 2500
    • Ex. 3, set at 250 psi and system pressure is 3000, the pressure is reduced to 2750
    • Also is ______ below the system pressure,
  • Fixed amount pressure – Set to be one pressure no matter what the system pressure is.
    • Ex. 1, Fixed pressure is set for 1500 psi and the system pressure goes to 2000 psi the pressure in the circuit stays the same at 1500
    • Ex. 2, using info from Ex. 1, if the pressure goes to 3000 the pressure stays the same in the circuit at 1500 psi.
    • 1500 no matter what (unless total system pressure drops below 1500)
obj 7 function of a pressure sequencing valve
Obj 7. Function of a pressure sequencing valve
  • controls flow between branches/circuits
  • first one then another branches/circuits
obj 8 function of unload valves
Obj 8. Function of unload valves
  • Directs flow back to the reservoir
obj 9 five types of directional control valves
Obj 9. Five types of directional control valves
  • Check valves
  • Rotary Valves
  • Pilot Operated Poppet Valves
  • Electro-hydraulic Valves
  • Spool Valves
    • Unibody
    • Stack
obj 11 12 13 14 types of volume control valves
Obj 11 & 12 & 13 & 14. Types of volume control valves
  • Flow control -- control amount of flow
    • Restrict flow -- Usually non-compensated-- Compensated valves do not adjust for pressure changes
      • Needle (non-compensated)
      • Gate (non-compensated)
    • Divert flow -- usually compensated
  • Flow dividers – direct flow to two or more circuits
obj 16 three ways valves can be actuated operated
Obj 16. Three ways valves can be actuated/operated
  • Operators for directional-control valves are either;
    • Mechanical or manual (many different ways to manually operate a valve).
    • Pilot – makes use of low volume system pressure
    • Electrical or Electronic
    • A combination of the above