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Transformation of Research and Education in the 21 st Century

Transformation of Research and Education in the 21 st Century

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Transformation of Research and Education in the 21 st Century

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  1. Transformation of Research and Education in the 21st Century Edward Seidel Director, Office of Cyberinfrastructure National Science Foundation

  2. Data-Driven Multiscale Collaborations* for ComplexityGreat Challenges of 21st Century *Small groups still important! • Multiscale Collaborations • General Relativity, Particles, Geosciences, Bio, Social... • And all combinations... • Science and Society being transformed by CI and Data • Completely new methodologies • “The End of Science” (as we know it) • CI plays central role • No community can attack challenges • Technical, CS, social issues to solve • Places requirements on computing, software, networks, tools, etc

  3. Crises We Face “Computational science serves to advance all of science......inadequate and outmoded structures within the Federal government and the academy today do not effectively support this critical multidisciplinary field” • Computing Technology: SC last 4 yrs • Multicore: processor is new transistor • Programming model, fault tolerance, etc • New models: clouds, grids • Generate PBs of data! • Software • Complex applications, tools needed • Modern apps: 106+lines, take decades • Collaboration

  4. NSF Experts Study PCAST Digital Data Industry Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) 100 Year Archive Requirements Survey Report “there is a pending crisis in archiving… we have to create long-term methods for preserving information, for making it available for analysis in the future.” 80% respondents: >50 yrs; 68% > 100 yrs Wired, Nature NSB Report: Long-Lived Digital Data Collections Enabling Research and Education in the 21st Century Data Crisis: Information Big Bang Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah

  5. Campus Learning & Work Force Needs & Opportunities OSG DataNet NSF National CI Blueprint DataNet LC Campus Track 2 Apps OSG Campus LC Campus OSG Nets LC VO Campus Campus Campus Campus Virtual Organizations for Distributed Communities Track 2 Track 2 Apps DataNet DataNet Apps VO DataNet Apps Viz High Performance Computing Data & Visualization/Interaction Apps Apps Apps eXtreme Digital Education Crisis: I need all of this to start to solve my problem! Clouds? Exascale (multi-agency?) Software Algorithms Track 1 Grand Challenge Community

  6. What about Campuses? • Next generation science requires huge data to be manipulated, retrieved, stored, analyzed • Collaborative environments will need unprecedented levels of sophistication • Can barely do low-end video conferencing today! HD, Optiportal-level environments needed • We need to seriously rethink our campus environments and how they can support new data-driven modalities of research, collaboration, education DNA sequencers generate TeraBytes of Data iHDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR/CENIC/PW

  7. Federated Identity Management • It is a nightmare to navigate the many logins and passwords we live with • A huge barrier to campus integration • It is also insecure! • There are solutions under development • We need to see if we can adopt a standard mechanism • NSF, TeraGrid, and many universities and organizations have joined InCommon • NIH has adopted it!

  8. FY09/Stimulus Package Update $3B stimulus package for NSF On top of ~$7B FY09 annual budget General NSF priorities “$2B+ in unfunded excellence” Focus on in-house proposals, standard research grants of 2-5 year duration; increase success rate to 30% Young investigators; CAREER, transformative, excellence OCI: $80M stimulus funds Jumpstart new activities in software, LWD, applications Career awards, GRF, PetaApps, STCI OIA: MRI-R2 and ARI-R2 special opportunities for campus investments in CI: $200M each

  9. New Programs Provide Opportunities for Campuses ARI-R2: $200M Can be used to address campus research infrastructure, e.g., network infrastructure MRI-R2: $200M “Supporting advances in supercomputing technology” Awards up to $6M NTIA/RUS: $7.2B for broadband NSF is working with these groups to help develop activities where universities can serve as community anchors, hubs of innovation Unleashing Waves paper