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Chemical Plant Security. NACD OPSEM September 2006 Donna Kasuska John Kimball SafetyBridge, Inc. Downingtown, Pennsylvania. Chemical Plant Security. Will there be Legislation? What will be required? How can plants achieve compliance?. Chemical Security Legislation Proposed Requirements.

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chemical plant security
Chemical Plant Security

NACD OPSEM

September 2006

Donna Kasuska

John Kimball

SafetyBridge, Inc.

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

chemical plant security1
Chemical Plant Security

Will there be Legislation?

What will be required?

How can plants achieve compliance?

chemical security legislation proposed requirements
Chemical Security Legislation Proposed Requirements
  • Inherently Safer Technologies
  • Vulnerability Assessments
  • Site Security Plans
  • Transportation Security
  • Employee and Contractor Screening
  • Criminal Penalties for Non-compliance
inherently safer technologies
Inherently Safer Technologies
  • Minimize
  • Substitute
  • Attenuate
  • Simplify
inherent safety minimize
Inherent Safety - Minimize
  • Use smaller quantities
    • Watch out for increased handling risk
  • Divide your inventory
  • Just-in-time supply
  • Eliminate surge capacity and intermediate storage
  • Vapor vs. liquid inventory
inherent safety substitution
Inherent Safety - Substitution

Replace a material with a less hazardous one

  • Reaction chemistry
  • Solvents
  • Materials of Construction
  • Heat Transfer media
inherent safety attenuation
Inherent Safety - Attenuation

Use materials under less hazardous conditions

  • Dilution
  • Lower temperature (refrigeration)
  • Lower pressure
  • Secondary containment
inherent safety simplify
Inherent Safety - Simplify

Design to eliminate unnecessary complexity, thus reducing opportunity for error and mis-operation

  • Containment within process vessels
  • Liquid transfer systems
  • Distributed Control Systems
  • Fail-safe valves
  • Separation of process steps
site security plans
Site Security Plans
  • Physical Security
  • Information, Computer & Network Security
  • Administrative Security Controls
  • Personnel Security and Security Personnel
  • Security Investigations
  • Emergency Response and Crisis Management
site security plans1
Site Security Plans

Physical Security

  • Access Control
  • Perimeter Protection
  • Security Officers
  • Backup Systems
site security plans2
Site Security Plans

Information, Computer & Network Security

  • Operations Security
  • Document Security
  • Spoken-word Security
  • Computer and Network Security
site security plans3
Site Security Plans

Personnel Security and Security Personnel

  • Hiring and Employment Termination Practices
  • Personnel and Visitor Screening
  • Security Officers
  • Workplace Violence Prevention and Response
  • Training and Security Awareness
site security plans4
Site Security Plans

Security Investigations

  • Employee awareness
  • Types of security incidents
  • Documentation
site security plans5
Site Security Plans

Emergency Response and Crisis Management

  • Written Procedures & Practice Drills
  • Headcount procedure
  • Crisis Communication System
  • Preservation of evidence
security program
Security Program

Goal:

Synthesize regulatory-driven policies and procedures with Best Practices security, supported (operated) by the human factor.

Objective:

A unified, integrated program of protection.

protection against
Protection against?
  • Threats:
    • Inside
    • Outside
    • Adjacent
events
Events:
  • Natural
  • Unnatural (Technological)
    • Accidental
    • Deliberate
    • Internal
    • External
    • Malicious
    • Profit
  • - Rapid Onset
  • Slow developing (event and/or effects)
regulatory driven
Regulatory-Driven
  • OSHA, EPA, TSA(DOT)
  • State and local
  • Industry-specific
programs
Programs
  • EHS
  • Security
  • HR (employee screening)
  • Engineering (Process Safety)
  • Transportation
  • I.T.
  • Emergency management
  • Facilities
principles
Principles
  • Hardening of facility and business process
  • Active risk measurement/Threat Assessment process
  • Acceptance of Risk
resources
Resources
  • American Chemistry Council
  • American Society for Industrial Security
  • Chemical Manufacturers Association
  • Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
  • National Association of Chemical Distributors
  • National Tank Truck carriers
  • Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association