Ch. 10 The Early Republic. Vocabulary Pioneer Frontier Flatboat Canal. Lesson 1: People on the Move. The first colonists settled between the Atlantic Ocean and Appalachian Mountains (which was difficult to cross). Where is this location on the map?
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The first colonists settled between the Atlantic Ocean and Appalachian Mountains (which was difficult to cross).
Boone and the other pioneers found a land where American Indians farmed and hunted. Boone wanted to live on this land.
Boone brought families, including his own wife and children, across the Appalachians.
By the late 1700’s, thousands of people had crossed the Appalachians to look for inexpensive farmland and new opportunities in the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys.
Families traveled west in covered wagons that were packed with food and supplies. There was little room to ride in.
Floating on rivers was faster and more comfortable than traveling on bumpy roads.
When they arrived on the frontier, settlers cut down trees to build houses.
Most settlers only grew enough to feed themselves with none leftover to sell or trade.
American Indians did not believe that land could be bought or sold. They agreed to sign treaties to let settlers hunt on their land, but not own it or live on it.
The change was peaceful and showed that the plan in the Constitution for electing leaders worked.
Jefferson wanted to help farmers, but the Federalists wanted a strong national government and laws that would help merchants and manufacturers.President Jefferson
The year Jefferson was elected, France took control over a land called Louisiana.
Representatives of President Jefferson made an agreement with French ruler, Napoleon Bonaparte, that farmers could trade through New Orleans.
Jefferson was eager to add this huge area of land to the United States, so he bought it.
He chose Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Jefferson asked Lewis and Clark to do three things:
In May 1804, Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis with more than 30 people to explore the dangerous, unknown area.
An enslaved African American named York and a Shoshone woman named Sacagawea also made the journey.
The Corps of Discovery traveled up the Missouri River, over the Rocky Mountains and down the Columbia river to the Pacific Ocean.