biosphere chapter 3 review l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
BIOSPHERE Chapter 3 REVIEW PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
BIOSPHERE Chapter 3 REVIEW

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 71

BIOSPHERE Chapter 3 REVIEW - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 203 Views
  • Uploaded on

BIOSPHERE Chapter 3 REVIEW. http://educ.queensu.ca/~fmc/august2004/pages/dinobreath.html. List the 6 levels of organization that ecologists study from smallest to largest. Organisms →. Populations →. Ecosystems →. Communities →. BIOSPHERE . Biomes →. Competition Predation Cooperation

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BIOSPHERE Chapter 3 REVIEW' - libitha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
biosphere chapter 3 review

BIOSPHEREChapter 3REVIEW

http://educ.queensu.ca/~fmc/august2004/pages/dinobreath.html

slide2
List the 6 levels of organization that ecologists study from smallest to largest

Organisms →

Populations →

Ecosystems →

Communities →

BIOSPHERE

Biomes →

slide3

CompetitionPredation

Cooperation

Symbiosis

Name 4 ways organisms in an ecosystem interact with each other

slide4
All the organisms that live in a place

PLUS their non-living environment

ecosystem

Another name for autotrophs

producers

slide5

Grooming, sharing food,

sharing care of offspring,group defense against predators

group hunting; care for sick/injured

Give an example of cooperation

Tell the two ways AUTOtrophs get

their energy

Chemosynthesis & photosynthesis

slide6
The portion of the Earth in which all life exists

biosphere

Make a food chain out of the following:

herbivore omnivore autotroph

autotroph → herbivore → omnivore

slide7

BACTERIA in soil

WHICH ORGANISMS are responsible for removing nitrogen from and returning nitrogen to the atmosphere?

The process of taking nitrogen from the atmosphere and changing it into a form plants can use is called ______________________

The process of converting soil nitrogen back into atmospheric form is called _______________________

NITROGEN FIXATION

DENITRIFICATION

slide8

Food chains/webs

Energy moves through ecosystemsin ______________

food chains/webs biogeochemical cycles

Which of these is a decomposer?

↑Fungi and SOME bacteria are decomposers

slide9

omnivore

Organism that eats both plants and

meat

Process in which water from plant

leaves evaporates into the atmosphere

transpiration

slide10

Energy is passed in one-way direction through

the biotic (living organisms) in an ecosystem.

Matter cycles within and between biotic and

abiotic parts of an ecosystem.

How does the way matter flows through an ecosystem differ from the way that energy flows?

Which biogeochemical cycle does NOT

involve a stage where the chemical

enters the atmosphere?

phosphorus

slide11

denitrification

Process in which bacteria convert nitrates

into nitrogen gas and release it into the

atmosphere

Nutrient which is scare or cycles slowly

that controls population growth

Limiting nutrient

slide12

Bacteria or fungi

(break down organic material and absorb the nutrients)

Give an example of a decomposer

Which group of organisms is always

found in the first trophic level of

every food chain or web?

Autotrophs or producers

slide13
Why is only about 10% of the energy in an organism transferred in a food chain?

Some is used by organism for life processes such as movement, transport, metabolism, growth, reproduction, and rest is lost as HEAT

Give an example of an ABIOTIC factor

Climate, temperature, precipitation, wind, soil type, water availability, sunlight

slide14

Food, water, shelter, territory, light

Give an example of a RESOURCE

Another name for autotrophs

producers

slide15

Who is it?

Heterotroph that obtains energy by

eating only plants ___________________

Heterotroph that eats both plants and animals _____________________

Heterotroph that breaks down organic

matter (Ex: Fungi & bacteria) __________________

Heterotroph that feed on dead plants and animal remains (EX:Crabs & worms) ___________________

Heterotroph that eats only meat ___________________

HERBIVORE

OMNIVORE

DECOMPOSER

DETRITIVORE

CARNIVORE

slide16

Food webs are made up of many food chains

How is a food web different from afood chain?

Which of these is an herbivore?

↑Zebras are herbivores

slide17

Cooperation is between organisms of same species;

Symbiosis is between different species of organisms

How is a symbiosis DIFFERENT from cooperation?

Tell two ways water returns to the

atmosphere in the water cycle.

Evaporation and transpiration

slide18

omnivore

An organism that eats both meat and plants

Name a limiting factor that could

cause a population to decrease

Competition- for food, shelter, territory

Predation

Disease/Parasitism

Drought/climate change

Human disturbance

slide19
Carbon cycles through the biosphere in all of the following EXCEPT:

Photosynthesis respiration transpiration decomposition

TRANSPIRATION moves

water in the water cycle

An organism that eats ONLY plants

herbivore

slide20

PUT THE FOLLOWING IN ORDER OF INCREASING COMPLEXITY

________________ ________________ ________________ 

________________  ________________ ________________ 

ORGANISM ECOSYSTEM POPULATION

COMMUNITY BIOSPHERE BIOME

ORGANISM

POPULATION

COMMUNITY

ECOSYSTEM

BIOSPHERE

BIOME

slide21
The portion of the Earth in which all life exists

biosphere

Organism that captures and eats

another

predator

slide22

Biotic factors are living;

Abiotic factors are the non-living

parts of an ecosystem

What is the difference between a

BIOTIC and ABIOTIC factor?

Which organisms are responsible for

nitrogen fixation in the nitrogen cycle?

Bacteria in soil

slide23
Symbiotic relationship in which

both organisms benefit from their close

association

mutualism

An “organism’s job” that includes what it eats,

what eats it, where in the habitat it lives, how it

acts, and when & how it reproduces?

niche

slide24

Photosynthesis ChemosynthesisRequires light Happens without light

Gets energy from Gets energy from

sunlight chemical bonds

Tell one way chemosynthesis is different from photosynthsis.

In the nitrogen cycle, bacteria living

on the roots of plants turn nitrogen gas

from the atmosphere into _________.

ammonia

slide25

Both: Ways organisms get energy Use energy to make carbohydrates Happen in autotrophs

Tell one way chemosynthesis and photosynthesis are ALIKE.

Energy moves through ecosystems in

________________.

biogeochemical cycles food chains/webs

food chains/webs

slide26

population

A group of individuals that belong to the

same species that live together in an area

Another name for heterotrophs

consumers

slide27

Which of the following is TRUE?

Producers make up the first trophic level.

Food chains are made by linking many food webs.

All the energy is passed from one trophic level to the next

Energy flows through the ecosystem in one direction from the sun to producers to consumers.

TRUE

FALSE: Food webs are made by linking food chains

F Only about 10% is passed on to the next level. Most is used for life processes or lost as heat

TRUE

slide28

autotrophs

Organisms that are able to take in energy from their environment and make their own carbohydrates are called ___________________________

Which of these is a carnivore?

↑Lions are carnivores

slide29
Group of different populations that live together in an area

community

All the living things an ecosystem

that an organism might interact with

Biotic factors

slide30

This diagram shows a ____________

Which of the organisms above is:

a producer ? ______________

a consumer? _____________

How many trophic levels are shown?

food chain

BIOLOGY; Miller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006

algae

Zooplankton, fish, squid, shark

5

slide31
Principle that states no two organisms can share the same niche at the same time in the same place

Competitive exclusion principle

Chemical substance organisms needto sustain life

nutrient

slide32

Which of the following is TRUE?

Bacteria take carbon dioxide from the atomosphere and fix it in a form plants can use.

Carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere naturally from respiration and volcanic activity .

Human activities such as mining, cutting and burning forests, and burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Photosynthesis by plants removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

This is TRUE about nitrogen NOT CARBON DIOXIDE

TRUE

TRUE

TRUE

slide33

Detritivores EAT dead organisms;Decomposers break them down and

absorb their nutrients

How is a detritivore different from a decomposer?

Name one of the biogeochemical cycles you learned about

Carbon, nitrogen, Water (hydrogen & oxygen); phosphorus

slide34

species

Group of organisms so similar that they can breed and produce fertile offspring

An organism that is captured and

eaten by another

prey

slide35

Which of the following is TRUE?

Burning fossil fuels is depleting our ozone layer

Burning fossil fuels causes acid rain.

Burning fossil fuels is the major cause of global warming.

Conserving electricity, using renewable energy sources

(like biofuels , solar, and wind), riding a bike, recycling waste, making products more energy efficient are all ways

to help the global warming problem

FALSE: Burning fossil fuels causes many environmental problems… but the ozone hole is caused by CFC’s

TRUE

TRUE

TRUE

slide36
Process in which some bacteria use

energy stored in the chemical bonds

of inorganic compounds to make

carbohydrates in the absence of light

chemosynthesis

Series of steps in which organisms

transfer energy through an ecosystem

by eating and being eaten

Food chain

slide37

Which of the following is TRUE about the PHOSPHORUS CYCLE?

Phosphate is released as rocks and sediments wear down

Plants absorb phosphate from the soil or from water

Phosphorus is abundant in the atmosphere.

Phosphorus is important for building nucleic acids, ATP, and making cell membranes.

TRUE

TRUE

FALSE, phosphorus does NOT cycle through the atomosphere.

TRUE

slide38
Symbiotic relationship in which one

organism benefits but the other is

neither harmed nor helped

commensalism

The scientific study of interactions

between organisms and between

organisms and their environment

ecology

slide39

food web

This diagram

is called a

_______________

What do you think would happen to the snake

population in this community if all the pine borer

bugs were killed by a virus?

A loss in pine borer bugs would decrease the populations of

salamanders and golden crested kinglets (food for the snake)

Loss of pine borers would eventually cause a decrease in the

snake population too.

slide40
Any necessity for life such as water, food, light, or space

resource

Relationship in which organismsattempt to use the same resource at the same time and place

competition

slide41

Look at the food

web shown.

What do you think will happen to the limpet population if all

the mussels are wiped out in an oil spill?

it will increase it will decrease it will stay the same; mussels

don’t connect to limpets in this web

Everything’s connected ! No mussels means crabs will eat more limpets; limpet population will decrease

slide42

Which of the following is part of the HYDROLOGIC OR WATER CYCLE ?

RUNOFF

TRANSPIRATION

EVAPORATION

NITRIFICATION

CONDENSATION

NITROGEN FIXATION

PRECIPITATION

YES

YES

YES

NO - part of NITROGEN CYCLE

YES

NO - part of NITROGEN CYCLE

YES

slide43

decomposers

Organism such as bacteria or fungi

that break down organic matter

Each step in a food chain or web

trophic level

slide44

Making proteins (amino part of amino acids)Making nucleic acids (nitrogen bases)

Part of ATP molecule (nitrogen base)

Tell something living things use nitrogen for.

How is movement of matter in an ecosystem different than the movement of energy?

Energy flows one direction through food chains; matter recycles continuously in biogeochemical cycles

slide45

community

Groups of different species that live together in an area make up a

__________________

Which of these is an omnivore?

↑Most humans are omnivores

slide46

Carbon cycle

Cycle which includes an underground reservoir in the form of fossil fuels

Another name for the water cycle

Hydrologic cycle

slide47
Process in which green plants use

energy from sunlight to produce

carbohydrates

photosynthesis

Another name for a living thing

organism

slide48
Tell the group of organisms that all the cycles have in common which keeps matter cycling between living (organic) and nonliving (inorganic) parts of the ecosystem.

decomposers

slide49

Which of the following is TRUE?

Organisms return nitrogen to the ground as ammonia when they go to the bathroom.

Bacteria in soil change ammonia into nitrates and nitrites

which plants use.

We get our nitrogen by breathing.

Nitrogen returns to the atmosphere when we burn fossil fuels.

TRUE.

TRUE

FALSE: Although the atmosphere is mostly nitrogen , it is in a form we can’t use. We get our nitrogen from the food we eat.

FALSE; Bacteria return nitrogen to the atmosphere through DENITRIFICATION. Burning fossil fuels returns carbon dioxide to the atmosphere

slide50

Carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen , oxygen

Which 4 atoms make up over 95% of the body in most organisms?

Which of the biogeochemical cycles you

learned about recycles hydrogen and

oxygen?

Hydrologic or water cycle

slide51
Organism such as mites, snail,

earthworms, or crabs that eat dead

plants or animals

detritivore

Process in which bacteria in soil

convert nitrogen gas into ammonia

Nitrogen fixation

slide52

Some bacteria in soil & on plant roots

convert nitrogen gas to ammonia (nitrogen fixation)

Other soil bacteria convert ammonia to nitrates & nitrites that the plants can use

Other bacteria convert nitrates into nitrogen gas and return it to atmosphere (denitrification)

Tell 2 of the 3 ways bacteria help with the nitrogen cycle.

Name the two sources of energy for ALL life

on Earth

Sunlight and inorganic chemical bonds

slide53

carnivore

An organism that eats ONLY meat

Tell how a detritovore is different from

a decomposer.

Both get nutrients from dead organisms; detritivores eat dead stuff; decomposers

Absorb energy from dead stuff, but DON’T actually EAT it.

slide54
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits by living on or inside another which is harmed

parasitism

Principle that states no 2 organisms

can occupy the same niche in the same

habitat at the same time.

Competitive exclusion principle

slide55

Which level is it?

Group of individuals that belong to the same

species and live in the same area. ___________________

Group of ecosystems that have the same climate and communities _____________________

Organisms so similar to one another that

they can breed and produce fertile offspring __________________

Populations that live together in an area ____________________

Portion of the planet in which all life exists ___________________

Collection of all the organisms that live in an area together with their physical environment ___________________

POPULATION

BIOME

SPECIES

COMMUNITY

BIOSPHERE

ECOSYSTEM

slide56
Organisms that can make their own food

using energy from sunlight or chemical

bonds in inorganic compounds

autotrophs or producers

All the non-living things such as

climate, temperature, weather,

soil type, or sunlight in an

ecosystem that impact an organism

Abiotic factors

slide57

Hydrologic cycle

Another name for the water cycle

Cycle in which photosynthesis and

cellular respiration participate

Carbon cycle

slide58
Organism that can’t make its own food and get energy from consuming other organisms

heterotrophs or consumers

Any relationship in which two species

live closely together

symbiosis

slide59
Interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another.

predation

Network of complex interactions

linking all the food chains in an ecosystem

food web

slide60

herbivore

Organism that eats only plants

Process in which elements, chemical

compounds, and other forms of matter

are passed from part of the biosphere to another

Biogeochemical cycle

slide61

carnivore

Organism that eats only meat

Process in which liquid water

changes into a gas

evaporation

slide62
Click here , scroll down, and complete the food web matching activity

Although almost 80% of the atmosphere is made up of

nitrogen gas, most living things don’t have the enzymes

necessary to use nitrogen directly from the atmosphere.

Tell how we get the nitrogen we need to make proteins

and DNA if we can’t get it from breathing.

From food we eat

slide63
Process that is part of the carbon cycle

in which sunlight is used to change

atmospheric carbon intobiomolecules

used for energy by living things

photosynthesis

Cycle in which transpiration,

evaporation, and condensation play

a role

Water/hydrologic cycle

slide64
Name a producer in the food web shown

What kind of heterotroph is a leopard seal?

http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica%20fact%20file/wildlife/whales/foodweb.gif

phytoplankton

carnivore

slide65

Carbon cycle

Cycle in which volcanic activity and burning fossil fuels plays a role

Cycle which is dependent on bacteria

for nitrogen fixation and denitrification

Nitrogen cycle

slide66

A producer

Which type of organism is always on the first trophic level of every food chain

The process in which organisms use chemical

energy stored IN THE CHEMICAL BONDS OF

INORGANIC MOLECULES to make their own

food in the absence of light is called

_____________________

chemosynthesis

slide67
Process in which the break down of sugars in

living things returns carbon to the

atmosphere as CO2 during the carbon cycle

Cellular respiration

Cycle which is dependent on bacteria

for nitrogen fixation and denitrification

Nitrogen cycle

slide68

http://sps.k12.ar.us/massengale/ecology_notes_bi.htm

Name an omnivore in the food web shown

What kind of heterotroph is the snail in this food web?

Rats, voles, mice, & mallards eat both plants and animals

herbivore

slide69
Tell 2 human activities by which carbon

can enter the atmosphere as CO2 during the carbon cycle

Cellular respiration, burning fossil fuels

Tell one way carbon leaves the atmosphere

during the carbon cycle.

Photosynthesis

CO2 gas dissolves in water;

slide70
Name 2 NON-human activities by which carbon can enter the atmosphere or oceans during the carbon cycle.

Volcanic activity

Decomposition of dead organisms

Deposition as fossil fuels

Erosion

Tell one way bacteria help with

biogeochemical cycles.

Nitrogen fixation & denitrification (nitrogen cycle)Decomposers break down dead organisms (carbon cycle)

slide71

Add fertilizers; waste treatment plants

Tell something humans do to return nitrogen to the soil for the nitrogen cycle.

Name the 4 biogeochemical cycles you

learned about.

Carbon, hydrologic (water); nitrogen; phosphorus