Armored Fighting Vehicle Identification - (AFVID) SFC JAMES P. CARAS, Battalion Master Gunner HQ 1st Battalion 252d Armor
Introduction • During the Second World War it was estimated that approximately 58% of all allied armor casualties were caused by the allies themselves. On today’s battlefield the ability to identify allied equipment is as important as identifying threat targets.
AFVID FEATURES • Before discussing specific vehicles we need to have an understanding of the identification features to look for when determining the identification of an armored fighting vehicle.
AFVID FEATURES (cont.) • Hull • Armament • Turret • Suspension
HULL • Shape of hull/hull construction • Location and construction of hatches • Design of side skirts • Stowage boxes • Exhaust ports and mufflers
Shape and Construction Sponson Box
ARMAMENT • Length, size and number of guns or weapons • Bore evacuators • Muzzle brakes • Thermal jackets • Muzzle reference collimators • Machine guns
TURRET • Shape and construction of turret • Turret overhang • Infantry rails • Stowage boxes and racks • Spent case ejection ports • Markings • Size and shape of gun mantlet • Location and design of hatches, cupolas and sighting equipment • Lack of turret
SUSPENSION • Supported Track • Non-Supported Track • Number of Road Wheels and/or Support Rollers • Spacing of Road Wheels • Design or construction of Road Wheels • Track or wheeled
# of Road Wheels and/or Support Rollers 5 3 4 1 2 1 2 5 6 3 4