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Annual Refresher Training. Blood-borne Pathogens, Hazardous Materials, Right-to-Know, and SCBA. Blood-borne Pathogens. Awareness & Prevention Captain Chris Clark. Blood-borne Pathogens. Training is a Federal OSHA requirement under 29 CFR 1910.1030

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annual refresher training

Annual Refresher Training

Blood-borne Pathogens, Hazardous Materials, Right-to-Know, and SCBA

blood borne pathogens

Blood-borne Pathogens

Awareness & Prevention

Captain Chris Clark

blood borne pathogens1
Blood-borne Pathogens
  • Training is a Federal OSHA requirement under 29 CFR 1910.1030
  • New Jersey PEOSHA has adopted the Federal standards by reference
  • A copy of the standard and the EFD Blood-borne Pathogen Procedure are available for review
epidemiology
Epidemiology
  • The study of contagious diseases including but not limited to the following:
    • HIV/AIDS Affects the immune system
    • Hepatitis B Affects the liver
    • Hepatitis C Affects the liver
  • Currently a vaccine is only available for Hepatitis B
modes of transmission
Modes of Transmission
  • Open wounds (i.e. blood to blood)
  • Other bodily fluids, including mucous membrane (e.g. eyes, nose, mouth)
  • Skin penetrations from needle sticks
  • Exposure potentials exist during MVAs, fires & motor vehicle rescues, and when assisting the squad with patient care
methods of prevention
Methods of Prevention
  • Hepatitis B immunizations
    • 3 shots over 6 months
    • Shots have proven relatively safe
    • Effective for at least 10 years based upon latest study performed in Japan
    • Immunizations are provided at no cost by the employer, the Board of Fire Commissioners
methods of prevention1
Methods of Prevention
  • Universal Precautions
    • Turnout gear
    • Latex gloves
    • Pocket mask
    • Safety glasses
methods of prevention2
Methods of Prevention
  • Proper hygiene/decontamination
    • Proper doffing of contaminated gear
    • Glove removal
    • Use and disposal of red bags
    • Decontamination of equipment & gear
    • Proper hand washing
post exposure procedures
Post Exposure Procedures
  • Notify Chief, Safety Officer, OIC
  • Seek immediate medical treatment
  • Follow-up care will be provided
  • The Safety Officer will conduct an investigation using the protocols in our procedures

EFD

SAFETY

blood borne pathogens2

Any Questions?

Blood-borne Pathogens

Awareness & Prevention

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department

hazardous materials

Hazardous Materials

Right to Know, Awareness & Operational Refresher

Asst. Chief Philip Polios

routes of exposure
Routes of Exposure
  • Dermal contactlocal effect
  • Dermal absorptionsystemic effect
  • Inhalation
  • Ingestion
  • Injection
potential station hazards
Potential Station Hazards
  • Carbon Monoxide from vehicle exhaust
  • Fuels – gasoline, diesel, miscellaneous lubricants
  • Compressed air cylinders

Material Safety Data Sheets(MSDS) are available

potential incident hazards
Potential Incident Hazards
  • Fire and products of combustionCO, Phosgene, Hydrogen Cyanide, etc.
  • Gases and vapors:
    • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
    • Natural Gas (Methane – CH4)
    • Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)
    • Propane (C2H6)
    • Chlorine (Cl2)
  • Fuel spills: gasoline or diesel
potential incident hazards1
Potential Incident Hazards
  • Chemical Spills: acids, caustics, solvents, & other toxic substances
  • Compressed Gases(Hazardous or Non-hazardous)
  • BLEVE – Boiling LiquidExpanding Vapor Explosion
  • Confined Spaces (Hazardous or O2-deficient)
  • Electrical Hazards
informational resources
Informational Resources
  • Vehicle placards
  • Manifests or shipping papers
  • Package labels
  • RTK Reports
  • Emergency Response Guidebook
  • Chemtrec
  • Observe physicalcharacteristics
informational resources1
Informational Resources
  • NFPA or HMIS (Hazardous Materials Information System) labeling systems
    • Red = Flammability
    • Blue = Health
    • Yellow = Reactivity
    • White = Other hazards or special handling
    • Scale: 0 (No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)
department resources
Department Resources
  • PPE
  • Binoculars in 3412 & 3421
  • Gas Detectors (O2, LEL, CO) in 3412, 3421 & 3422
  • Thermal Imaging Camera in 3412 & 3421
  • Temperature sensors (heat guns) in 3411, 3412, 3421 & 3400
  • Oil dry, shovels, and brooms
external resources
External Resources
  • Local, County and State OEM
  • County Hazardous Materials Team
  • MAFB Hazardous Materials Team
  • NJDEP Emergency Response
  • NJDOT Emergency Response
  • NJ State Police Bomb Squad
  • Private contractors: HMTTC, Clean Harbors, and Clean Venture
general response guidelines
General Response Guidelines
  • Don appropriate PPE. Note: Turnout gear is not a universal chemicalprotective barrier.
  • Stage uphill and upwind
  • Cautiously approach the scene and identify the substance(s). If possible use binoculars
general response guidelines1
General Response Guidelines
  • Monitor air quality with gas detector
  • Establish Hot, Warm, and Cold Zones
  • Secure the scene, and evacuate if necessary
  • Eliminate sources of ignition
general response guidelines2
General Response Guidelines
  • Safely isolate, contain, cleanup of small petroleum spills or disperse the substance - Dam, Dike, Divert
  • Operate in defensive mode only Department Technicians: Johnson, Pasierb, Polios - need 4 to operateCleanup of large spills is the responsibility of the owner or transporter
general response guidelines3
General Response Guidelines
  • Set up decontamination area in Warm Zone
  • Utilize Emergency Response Guidebook as a guide for response actions
  • Petroleum vapors (such as gasoline, fuel oil, propane) settle in low lying areas.
slide24
ERG

1075 Propane

notification procedures
Notification Procedures
  • Ask Central to notify and/or request assistance of the following: (as appropriate)
    • County Health Department - Primary
    • County Haz Mat Team
    • MAFB Haz Mat Team
    • NJDEP @ (1-877-WARNDEP)
    • Mutual Aid (e.g. Foam, Cascade)
    • PSE&G
    • Responsible party (e.g. trucking company or private contractors)
other concerns
Other Concerns
  • Weather (e.g. temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed and direction)
  • Topography
  • Exposures
  • Storm sewers, streams, and other environmentally sensitive areas
common errors
Common Errors
  • Failure to notify authorities in a timely fashion
  • Failure to heed the advice of HazMat response experts
  • Improper Decontamination, including location and extent (i.e. personal hygiene, routes of entry, etc.)
common errors1
Common Errors
  • Getting in over their heads (Call for help)
  • Not properly employingthe Incident Command System, specifically, failure to implement a unified command (HazMat incidents without fire fall under the Office of Emergency Management, and ultimately, the NJ State Police)
hazardous materials1

Bathroom Break

Hazardous Materials

Right to Go & Refresher

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department

response to co alarms
Response to CO Alarms
  • Zero gas detector in fresh air while en route or upon arrival
  • Interview occupants upon arrival to verify CO detector activation, location of detector, duration of alarm, & any medical symptoms
  • Remember 2 in-2 out rule!
response to co alarms1
Response to CO Alarms
  • Take reading at entrance to building in appropriate PPE
  • 1st - check oxygen (O2). If less than 19.5% O2 don SCBA
  • 2nd - check lower explosive limit (LEL). If greater than 10%, evacuate - do not use radios
response to co alarms2
Response to CO Alarms
  • 3rd - check carbon monoxide (CO). If greater than 35 ppm don SCBA
  • Attempt to locate the source before ventilating building
  • If source/potential source located, shut down unit, and notify utility or have occupant call contractor
  • Ventilate building and inform occupant of findings
proper handling of gasoline
Proper Handling of Gasoline
  • Place safety can on ground prior to filling to avoid the build up of static electricity
  • Fill fuel tanks of power tools outdoors, especially if tools are still hot
response to terrorism
Response to Terrorism

WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction

  • Type of devices: B-NICE
    • Biological
    • Nuclear
    • Incendiary
    • Chemical
    • Explosive
response to terrorism1
Response to Terrorism

Potential Targets

  • Places of large assembly
  • Government buildings
  • Religious buildings
  • Infrastructure Facilities (water & wastewater treatment plants, transportation, utilities)
response to terrorism2
Response to Terrorism

Potential Targets

  • High hazard industries
  • Places of historical or cultural significance
  • Emotional targets(schools, hospitals)
response to terrorism3
Response to Terrorism
  • Warning signs
    • Homeland SecurityAlert Level
    • Location (prev. slides)
    • Timed for maximize impact
    • Large number of victims for no apparent reason
response to terrorism4
Response to Terrorism
  • Response is similar to hazardous materials incidents, except first responders may be targets as well.
  • Be alert for secondary devices.
  • Time, Distance, & Shielding
  • Terrorism is a criminal act, therefore, law enforcement has the lead - protect evidence.
hazardous materials2

Any Questions?

Hazardous Materials

Right to Know, Awareness, and Operational Refresher

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department

scba refresher

SCBA Refresher

Respiratory Protection ProgramPersonnel Accountability

Firefighter Brian Naulty

scba refresher1
SCBA Refresher
  • When do we wear an SCBA?
    • Entering an IDLH atmosphere
      • Structure fires
      • HazMat incidents
      • Vehicle fires
      • Dumpster fires
    • Overhaul
    • Alarm Systems
    • When directed to do so by an officer
scba refresher2
SCBA Refresher
  • When don’t we wear an SCBA?
    • Brush/Woods/Vegetation fires *
    • Rescues *unless you are manning a hand line
    • Assist EMS *
    • Other non-fire, non-fumes incidents *

* Unless directed to wear SCBA, or unless you choose to wear SCBA

parts of scott 50 scba
Parts of Scott 50 SCBA
  • Carbon fiber cylinder
  • High pressure hose & reducer regulator
  • Low pressure hose & face piece regulator
  • Motion sensor and alarm
  • Low air sensors and alarms
  • Air pressure gauge & operation buttons
proper use of scba
Proper Use of SCBA
  • Safety and operational check of SCBA
  • Donning and use of SCBA
  • Cleaning mask and SCBA
  • Changing and recharging cylinders
peosha requirements
PEOSHA Requirements
  • Respiratory Protection Program EFD Policy requires:
    • 2 in + 2 out (min. 4 certified FF)Two out must be “ready” to respond with PPE and SCBA
    • Communicationsvisual for interior team members,visual or radio with exterior Command
    • From an operational standpoint,we must have a fifth firefighter before initiating interior fire attack (joint pump ops/command)

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department Annual Refresher Training

personnel accountability
Personnel Accountability
  • EFD SOG #8 Personnel Accountability System
    • Crew Integrity - No Freelancing!
      • 2 or 3 FF Crews
      • Crew Leader and Radio
      • Remain Together/In and Out
    • Accountability
      • 1st Tag - Apparatus, 2nd Tag - Entry
      • Use PASS devices
      • PAR: Personnel Accountability Reports
thermal imaging cameras
Thermal Imaging Cameras
  • Cameras on 3412, 3421Crews on these Engines MUST bring Camera to scene of structure incidents
  • R.I.T. should have TIC
  • Remember Basics if TIC Fails
    • Follow a systematic search pattern
    • Stay low and in contact with a wall
    • Use your sense of touch
exterior operations
Exterior Operations
  • Use TIC for Size Up!
  • Scan MVA Scenes for Victims
exterior operations1
Exterior Operations
  • Hazardous Materials Incidents
interior operations
Interior Operations
  • Extending the area of a search
    • Hand tools
    • Physical Contact
    • Search Rope
  • How to follow a hose line
  • Use of wedges
  • Creating an emergency exit
effective communication
Effective Communication

You are the chief airplane washer at the company hangar. One day, you...

1. Hook a high-pressure hose up to the soap suds machine.

2. Turn the machine "on".

3. Receive an emergency call andhave to leave work to go home.

effective communication1
Effective Communication

4. As you depart for home, you yell to Don, your assistant, "Don, turn it off."

5. Assistant Don thinks he hears, "Don’t turn it off."He shrugs, and leaves the area right after you.

slide53

What we have here is a failure to communicate!

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department Annual Refresher Training

effective communication2
Effective Communication

In every situation, make sure everyone hasa clear understandingof what you are communicating!

Otherwise, someone will find themselves in over their head!

scba refresher3

Any Questions?

SCBA Refresher

Respiratory Protection ProgramPersonnel Accountability

Eastampton Fire-Rescue Department