Adverbs modifyverbsadjectivesother adverbsquantifiersandwhole sentences
Adverbs that modify verbs can go in several different places in a sentence.At the beginningAt the endAfter the helping verb
Adverbs that modify adjectives and other adverbs go directly before the words they modify.She is always late.
Add –ly to adjectives to form many adverbs.Quick – quicklycareful – carefullynice – nicelyeasy - easily
Fast Here Late Often Now There Sometimes Today Upstairs Downstairs Very Well Yesterday Inside Outside Always Many adverbs do not end in –ly.
Adverbs of timeadverbs of manneradverbs of frequencyadverbs of possibility
Adverbs of manner tell how something happens.Fast, slowlywell, badlycarefullypatientlyright
Position of adverbs of manner: After the main verb when there is no object. After the verb + object
Many adverbs of manner are formed from adjectives + lyAdjectives that end in –y drop the -y and add –ilyAdjectives that end in –ic or –ical add -ally
Irregular forms of adverbs and adjectives: • Fast • Hard • Right • Wrong • Loud • Long • Friendly, lively, lovely, lonely • Good, well
Adverbs of place tell where something is or where it happens. (location). They also express where something or someone is going (direction).Here, there, up, down, in, out, inside, together, back, away
Position of adverb of place: After the main verb when there is no object, or after verb + object Direction adverbs always come after a pronoun object
We left her here.We took the children backWe gave back the money.We took it back.
Adverbs of time tell when something happens. Yesterday, tomorrow, afterwards, now, early, late, then
Position of adverbs of time. At the beginning or at the end of the clause Early and late go at the end
Yesterday, I took the children to the movies.I took the children to the movies yesterday.I went home early.She came late.
Adverbs of frequency tell how often something happensalways, usually, often,sometimes,seldom, never
Position of adverbs of frequency After the subject and be. Before other main verbs
Adverbs of possibility tell howsure we are about somethingcertainly, definitely, probably, perhaps, maybe, possibly
Position of adverbs of possibility Perhaps and maybe are at the beginning of the sentence The others go after the subject and be but before other main verbs
Perhaps we should eat in the cafeteria today. I certainly want you in the next class.
Adverbs of degree make the word they modify stronger or weaker.Extremely, too, very, so, really, quite, enough, almost, hardly
Position of adverbs of degree Before the word they modify Enough comes after the word it modifies
They are also called intensifiers. They modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs and quantifiers.
You work too hard.I don’t eat very much.You almost failed the exam.You don’t sleep enoughShe doesn’t try hard enough.
Enough (quantifier)I have enough money to live comfortably.It comes before the noun Enough (intensifier)You aren’t eating enough.It comes after the noun it modifies.