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Advanced Networks in New Brunswick

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  1. Advanced Networks in New Brunswick Greg Sprague greg.sprague@nrc.gc.ca

  2. Appreciating Network Speeds Throw a Loonie into the back of a truck, one Loonie per second. How long to accumulate: $56,000? (56K$) $1,000,000 (1M$) $100,000,000 (100M$) $1,000,000,000 (1G$ = 1Billion)

  3. Appreciating Network Speeds Throw a Loonie into the back of a truck, one Loonie per second $56,000 ….. 16 hours $1,000,000 …. 12 days $100,000,000 …. 3 years and 4 months $1,000,000,000 …. 33 years

  4. Appreciating Network Speeds Download a 1 GigaByte file (8 Gb) 56Kb dial-up ….. 40 hours 1 Megabit Internet Pipe …. 2 hours, 14 minutes 100 Megabit LAN …. 1 minute and 20 seconds 1 Gigabit C4 Connection …. 8 seconds

  5. The NB/PEI Educational Computer Network (ECN), founded in 1970, connects all the of universities in the eastern Canadian provinces of New Brunswick (NB) and Prince Edward Island (PEI).

  6. The Canadian Internet Timeline "1970 October New Brunswick Educational Computer Network is formed, and later renamed the New Brunswick/Prince Edward Island Educational Network. It is still operating." This quote is the very first entry in printed in the "Canadian Internet Handbook", 1995 edition, by Jim Carroll and Rick Broadhead, published by Prentice Hall Canada.

  7. NB/PEI ECN • Université de Moncton • Moncton, Shippagan, Edmundston, Bathurst • Mount Allison University • Sackville • St. Thomas University • Fredericton • Maritime College of Forest Technology • Fredericton, Bathurst • MPHEC • Fredericton • University Of New Brunswick • Fredericton, Saint John, Moncton, Bathurst • Holland College • 11 centres across PEI • University of Prince Edward Island • Charlottetown

  8. NB/PEI EducationalComputer Network Holland College UPEI Mount A U de M NB/PEI ECN MCFT UNB STU

  9. NB/PEI EducationalComputer Network Holland College UPEI CA*net Mount A U de M NB/PEI ECN MCFT UNB STU

  10. NB/PEI EducationalComputer Network Holland College UPEI CA*net Mount A U de M NB/PEI ECN Internet MCFT UNB STU

  11. A Dream Evolves • ECN growth and history • BitNet, NetNorth, CA*net, CA*net2, CA*net3 • Internet • CA*net4 world’s first optical network, coast to coast • PEI operates its own network (Eastlink) • GigaPop at UPEI • GigE to Halifax • Need for GigE in NB • 30Mb not nearly enough • Rest of the world is GigE • NRC Opportunity • CANARIE route diversity opportunity

  12. NRC IIT- e-Business Fredericton Saint John Moncton Miramichi (NBCC)

  13. Edmundston Shippagan Bathurst Miramichi To St. John’s Summerside Sydney Moncton Truro Antigonish Sackville Saint John Wolfville Eastern route diversity- NBproduction July 1, 2003- Co-op venture Charlottetown Montreal Fredericton CA*net 4 Primary Route Halifax CA*net 4 Node CA*net 4 Route Diversity NRC e-commerce network Breakout points for ORAN NB ORAN NS ORAN

  14. NB ORAN • Optical Regional Advanced Network • Deliver Economic and Cultural Benefits to Region • Attract and retain HQP • Research and Education • Initially ECN, NRC • Enable e-Science • Participate in research and innovation regionally, nationally, globally • Expandable to MUSH Sector, Industry (AUP)

  15. NB/PEI Research Grid • Consortium Partners • CANARIE • NRC IIT e-Business • ECN (UNB, U de M, STU, Mount A plus UPEI) • ACOA • MPHEC • Province of NB • Province of PEI • Government of Canada

  16. Feb.16, 2004

  17. NB/PEI Research Grid • The NB/PEI Research Grid is a cooperative effort to provide a highly reliable research network backbone to Atlantic Canada, and to significantly upgrade and expand the capacity for regional research and education in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. • The initiative is in direct response to the need institutions of higher education, research facilities and private companies in the region have to increase bandwidth so they can collaborate, and participate in research and innovation projects regionally, nationally and globally. • ECN: 3 x 1Gb rings for a little more than the price of the existing, overloaded 30Mb network. • 1,000,000 x faster than the original 1970 network.

  18. NB Research Grid PQ Industry Inter Net NRC CA*net4 UNB Fredericton GigaPop ECN MUSH PEI NS

  19. NB Research Grid Rings NRC Saint John NRC Moncton CA*net4 NRC Miramichi UNB Fredericton GigaPop ECN U de M ECN Mount A ECN UNB

  20. Connecting toCA*net4 in NB:2 Methods CA*net4 NB Research Grid UNB Fredericton GigaPop P of NB

  21. Costs of Membership • Join Gigapop • 1 Gb: $30K one time + $24K per year • 100 Mb: $15K one time + $15K per year • 10Mb: $5K + 7.5K per year • Plus Connect to Grid • $ Possible Grid extension • $ Local Loop plus a path on the Grid • Or Direct Connect to GigaPop • $ Contact telecom providers (includes e-Novations)

  22. Commodity Internet My LAN 50Mb Her LAN Commodity Internet 100Mb 10Mb A 1Gb B 1Mb C

  23. Research Networks Internet2 C4 Network 10Gb 1Gb 40Gb My LAN Her LAN 100Mb A 1Gb B

  24. Preferred RouteTransparent to the User Internet2 C4 Network 10Gb 1Gb 40Gb My LAN 50Mb Her LAN Commodity Internet 100Mb 10Mb A 1Gb B

  25. User C Unknown to C4 Internet2 C4 Network 10Gb 1Gb 40Gb My LAN 50Mb Her LAN Commodity Internet 100Mb 10Mb A 1Gb B 1Mb C

  26. NB ORAN Contacts • Greg Sprague greg.sprague@nrc.gc.ca • Peter Jacobsjacobs@unb.ca