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AADHAAR – India’s experiment with the Universal ID Number. Anit N. Mukherjee National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), New Delhi Presentation at the Policy Dialogue and South South Learning Event on Long Term Social Protection for Inclusive Growth

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AADHAAR – India’s experiment with the Universal ID Number

Anit N. Mukherjee

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), New Delhi

Presentation at the Policy Dialogue and South South Learning Event on Long Term Social Protection for Inclusive Growth

Johannesburg, October 11-13, 2010


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  • Proving identity first step towards accessing public services

  • UID mandate:

    • Better public service delivery

    • Financial inclusion

    • Transparency

  • Timeline: 18 months from August 2009

  • Target: To cover 600 million in 5 years

  • Focus: The poorest sections of the population


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  • Public Service Delivery services

    • Both Federal and State governments

    • Overlapping beneficiary sets

    • Overlapping programs with same target group

  • Financial Inclusion

    • Only 5% of India’s population had bank or post office a/c until 2005, increased to 20% now

    • Less than 10 percent of India’s villages have a bank or post office within 5 km.

    • Stringent ‘Know Your Customer’ guidelines for new a/c

  • Transparency

    • Fragmented data warehouses (Food, Employment, Health)

    • The ‘IT Curse’


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Ante-natal Period services

Supply / Scheme

Demand / Need

Janani Suraksha Yojana; NRHM components on ante-natal care

Neo-natal Period

Maternal Health Services; Nutrition; Transport

Immunization; NRHM components on neo-natal care

Childhood

Maternal and Child Health Services

Adolescence

Integrated Child Development Services; Universal Education; School Feeding

Pre-school; School; Nutrition

High school; vocational training; higher education

Young Adult

Scholarship; Credit subsidy for entrepreneurs

Working Age and Family

Livelihood, food, housing, social and financial services

NREGA; SHG; PDS; Indira Awaas Yojana (Housing); NRHM;

Old Age

Social Safety Net; Pension; Health

Old-age pension; widow pension

Life Cycle approach to public service delivery


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Federal / State Schemes services

Identification

Poverty Line

Process Engineering

Rich

Poor

Benefit


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Federal / State Schemes services

Poverty Line

Rich

Poor

Universal

Targeted

Identification

Easy

Difficult

Universal + Targeted

Benefit




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UID Authority of India will issue numbers, not cards services

UID  Unique number  Random number

Name

Parents

Gender

DoB

PoB

Address

Basic demographic data and biometrics

For all Indian residents, voluntary

No duplicates due to biometrics

Standardized identity attributes

Profiling attributes

Transaction records

Central UID database

UID = 1568 3647 4958

Letter with UID # sent to confirm enrolment


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UIDAI will authenticate UIDs online – servicesanywhere, anytime, anyhow

Authentication - ‘Are you who you claim to be?’

1:1 check, no ID fraud

Only YES/NO response, no details – no invasion of privacy

UID = 1568 3647 4958


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based micropayments for social workers services

ASHA

JSY Beneficiary

Health Centre

Micro-ATM

UID = 1568 3647 4958

1400 to Mother

700 to ASHA


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Ante-natal Period services

Supply / Scheme

Demand / Need

Janani Suraksha Yojana; NRHM components on ante-natal care

Neo-natal Period

Maternal Health Services; Nutrition; Transport

Immunization; NRHM components on neo-natal care

Childhood

Maternal and Child Health Services

Adolescence

Integrated Child Development Services; Universal Education; School Feeding

Pre-school; School; Nutrition

High school; vocational training; higher education

Young Adult

Scholarship; Credit subsidy for entrepreneurs

Working Age and Family

Livelihood, food, housing, social and financial services

NREGA; SHG; PDS; Indira Awaas Yojana (Housing); NRHM;

Old Age

Social Safety Net; Pension; Health

Old-age pension; widow pension

Possibility of process re-engineering, moving from a NREGS type of social protection to a JSY type of conditional cash transfer more in line with Bolsa Familia

OR

A new hybrid model : rights-based conditional cash transfers


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Ranjana Sadashiv Sonwane, 40 F services

Hitesh Sadashiv Sonwane, 5 M


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Thank You!! services

www.uidai.gov.in