Socialism and African Development. PIA 2574. At Issue: new look at development strategy the role that ideology has played in effecting performance of state (self-ascribed ideology). Socialism in Africa. The Socialist Framework.
Targets the wealthier areas and the rich farmers
Forced Collectivization and Collapse of Policy
1. African (Socialist) and mixed Economy regimes: pragmatism or African capitalism (Kenya and Senegal in 1960s)
2. Socialist- Populist (Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique in 1970s)
3. Afro-Marxist or Leninist Vanguard regimes (Angola, Benine1980s)
4. Marxist-Leninist- (Ethiopia under Dergue)
5.Post-Structural Adjustment Regimes Mozambique, Uganda and Ghana (1990s)
Five measures re. Socialism (1965-1985)
1. Growth is still important- though downplays mineral induced growth and tourism
2. Focus is on peasant based subsistence agriculture rather than export commercial agriculture
Import Substitution, inflation and decline of food production
Why has it Failed?