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Kalevala’s origins and myths Part 2

Kalevala’s origins and myths Part 2

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Kalevala’s origins and myths Part 2

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  1. Kalevala’s origins and mythsPart 2 Vesa Matteo Piludu, Kalevala Suite Lecture 6 17.10.2011 Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Arts Musicology University of Helsinki

  2. Daniel Europaeus (1820-1884) • Lönnrot was not satisfied with the Old Kalevala • For the edition of the New Kalevala, he was helped by other collectors of folklore and ethnographer • The most important was Europaeus, who collected more poems than Lönnrot and travelled more

  3. Old Kalevala 1835, Kanteletar 1841-42, New Kalevala 1849

  4. Jacob Grimm, 1845 • Gave a notable lecture on the epic of the Finns (the Kalevala was translated into Swedish) at the Science Academy of Berlin • “Here, if anywhere, there is now a pure epic in simple and thus most moving form, an unprecedented treasure” • Kalevala was considered comparable to Omer and the Niebelungenlied • After the Kalevala, Finland has been recognized as a “nation” with his own culture, language and literature • For Grimm, Kalevala was more mythological than historical

  5. Il Kalevala and Comparetti • Domenico Comparetti, • Il Kalevala o la poesia tradizionale dei Finni, studio storico critico sulle origini delle grandi epopoee nazionali (Roma, tip. della R. Accademia dei Lincei, 1891). • Translated in German and English • Relevance of magical charms

  6. Monument of Lönnrot in Helsinki

  7. Kalevala and world epic and literature • The (New) Kalevala become a classic of world literature • It has been a source of inspiration for the Estonian Kalevipoeg and Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha • It has inspired Tolkien: • Gandalf (Väinämöinen) • Elfish language