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Developing Learning Outcomes. Jason Adsit, Ph.D. – Director, Teaching & Learning Ctr. . Background & Overview. Goals, Objectives, and Outcomes: What’s the difference? What is a learning outcome? Why are learning outcomes important? What are the core elements of a learning outcome?.

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developing learning outcomes

Developing Learning Outcomes

Jason Adsit, Ph.D. – Director, Teaching & Learning Ctr.

background overview
Background & Overview
  • Goals, Objectives, and Outcomes: What’s the difference?
  • What is a learning outcome?
  • Why are learning outcomes important?
  • What are the core elements of a learning outcome?
what is a learning outcome

What is a Learning Outcome?

Clarifying the muddle of terms…

what is a learning outcome1
What is a learning outcome?
  • Goals
  • Objectives
  • Performance Criteria
  • Benchmarks
  • “Measurables”
  • Etc., etc.
what is a learning outcome2
What is a learning outcome?
  • Goals
  • Outcomes
  • Objectives
what is a learning outcome3
What is a learning outcome?

Specific

General

Outcome

Goal

Objective

Objective

what is a learning outcome4
What is a learning outcome?

Goal

Outcome

  • A statement of the intended general aims of an instructional unit, course, or program
  • Global, general
  • Not necessarily measureable
  • A statement that describes what the learner is expected to know and be able to do as a result of instruction
  • Specific, targeted
  • Measurable
what is a learning outcome5
What is a learning outcome?
  • Objectives vs. Outcomes vs. Goals
  • If I had my druthers…Learning objective =
    • Outcome
    • Learning outcome
    • Student learning outcome
what is a learning outcome6
What is a learning outcome?
  • Clarifying the terminology:

University

School

Program/Major

Course

Unit/Lesson

why are learning outcomes important
Why are learning outcomes important?
  • Help foster curricular coherence by connecting classroom activities and assessment
    • Guide instructional planning – content, delivery, and activities/assignments
    • Guide the learner – set priorities and performance expectations
    • Guide evaluation – establish a framework (and set of benchmarks) for assessing learning
core elements of a learning outcome
Core elements of a learning outcome
  • Learning outcome: A statement (in specific and measureable terms) that describes what the learner will know and be able to do as a result of engaging in a learning activity
core elements of a learning outcome1
Core elements of a learning outcome
  • Learning outcome: A statement (in specific and measureable terms) that describes what the learner will know and be able to do as a result of engaging in a learning activity
goals vs objectives
Goals vs. Objectives

Goal

Outcome

  • At the end of the workshop, participants will understand the role and importance of learning objectives
  • Given a list of ten (10) statements, participants will be able to identify how each statement corresponds to Bloom’s taxonomy of cognitive behavior. Participants who correctly identify seven (7) or more statements will demonstrate mastery of the topic
core elements of a learning outcome2
Core elements of a learning outcome
  • Learning outcome: A statement …
core elements of a learning outcome3
Core elements of a learning outcome
  • Learning outcome: A statement (in specific and measureable terms) …
  • Measurable vs. Non-Measurable Terms
core elements of a learning outcome4
Core elements of a learning outcome
  • Learning outcome: A statement (in specific and measureable terms) that describes what the learner will know and be able to do …
  • Come to think of it, what is it that we want the learner to know and be able to do?
classifying outcomes
Classifying Outcomes
  • Learning outcome domains
    • “Knowledge, skills, and dispositions”
  • Bloom (1956) – Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (“Bloom’s Taxonomy”)
    • Cognitive Domain – intellectual thinking or skills
    • Psychomotor Domain – physical skills or the performance of actions
    • Affective Domain – attitudes and values
core elements of learning outcomes
Core elements of learning outcomes
  • Example: At the end of this statistics lesson, students will know about the concepts of mean, median, and mode
  • How would you turn this into a learning outcome?
  • What changes might you make to the outcome to assess higher levels of learning (from Bloom’s taxonomy)?
core elements of learning outcomes1
Core elements of learning outcomes
  • Example: At the end of this class, students will understand and appreciate the role of the pharmacist in the community
  • How would you turn this into a learning outcome?
  • What changes might you make to the outcome to assess higher levels of learning (from Bloom’s taxonomy)?
core elements of learning outcomes2
Core elements of learning outcomes
  • Example: At the end of this unit, students will know about the causes of poverty in Africa
  • How would you turn this into a learning outcome?
  • What changes might you make to the outcome to assess higher levels of learning (from Bloom’s taxonomy)?
core elements of learning outcomes3
Core elements of learning outcomes
  • Learning outcome: A statement (in specific and measureable terms) that describes what the learner will know and be able to do as a result of engaging in a learning activity
learning activities
Learning Activities
  • Reverse-engineering your instruction:
    • Identify the learning outcomes
    • Identify the appropriate learning activities – and tailor them to the outcomes
    • Identify the appropriate assessments of student learning