the french revolution of 1789
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The French Revolution of 1789

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

The French Revolution of 1789 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 113 Views
  • Uploaded on

The French Revolution of 1789. Origins. Absolutism The Enlightenment philosophes -Montesquieu -Voltaire -Rousseau Deism and Anti-Catholicism. Underlying Causes of the Revolution (1789). The French monarchy in debt Bad harvests and starvation Enlightenment philosophies

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The French Revolution of 1789' - libby-moreno


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
origins
Origins

Absolutism

The Enlightenment philosophes

-Montesquieu

-Voltaire

-Rousseau

Deism and Anti-Catholicism

underlying causes of the revolution 1789
Underlying Causes of the Revolution (1789)
  • The French monarchy in debt
  • Bad harvests and starvation
  • Enlightenment philosophies

and increasing literacy

  • Nobles resent political weakness (Divine Right, absolute monarchy)
  • Commoners resent feudal privileges
the estates general meets may 1789
The Estates-General Meets (May, 1789)
  • First Estate (Clergy of 130,000, 10% landholding)
  • Second Estate (Nobles number

about 350,000, 30% of the land)

  • Sword and robe nobility
  • First two estates have tax exemptions and privileges (taille)
  • Third Estate (Bourgeoisie, artisans, peasants, commoners)
estates general provisions and internal conflicts
Estates-General Provisions and Internal Conflicts
  • Third estate representation is doubled
  • Voting by head or order?
  • Third estate wants vote by head, First estate by order
  • Cahiers De Doleances(Abbe

Sieyes) and peasant grievances

  • Third estate moves to create
  • national assembly, draw up constitution (Tennis Court Oath, June 20)
the king s response and the start of the revolution
The King’s Response and the Start of the Revolution
  • Louis XVI prepares to use force against the Third Estate
  • Storming of the Bastille (July 14)
  • Violence in the countryside (The Great Fear)
the national assembly 1789 1791
The National Assembly (1789-1791)
  • The Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen (August 1789)
  • Feudalism abolished (August 1789)
  • Department structure created
  • King resists, March of Women on Versailles (October, 1789)
  • The Civil Constitution of the Clergy (July 1790)
  • Limited Monarchy, voting and office holding based on wealth (active and passive citizens)
  • Denial of women’s equality and participation
events of 1791 1792
Events of 1791-1792
  • The King’s flight to Austria and capture at Varennes (June 1791)
  • French declaration of war on Austria (April 1792)
  • Austrian invasion of France, the search for internal enemies, and radicalization of Paris
  • King and Assembly arrested by

Sans-Culottes (August 1792)

  • September Massacres
the national convention and radical revolution 1792 1794
The National Convention and Radical Revolution (1792-1794)
  • Unicameral National Convention elected, monarchy abolished (September 1792)
  • Rousseau inspired republic (the General Will)
  • Robbespierre, the Committee of Public Safety, and the Reign of Terror
  • Purge of the Girondins and the

Hebertistfactions

  • Suppression of Federalism
jacobin rule
Jacobin Rule
  • Louis XVI (January 1793) and Marie Antoinette (October 1793) guillotined
  • Sans-culottes and the Paris Commune
  • French Republic officially created

(September 1792)

  • Levee en masse
  • Revolutionary Calendar and festivals
  • De-Christianization
  • Maximum laws and press censorship
  • State sponsored education
  • Universal manhood suffrage (national elections)
the thermidorian reaction 1794 1799
The Thermidorian Reaction (1794-1799)
  • Robespierre guillotined, Jacobins overthrown
  • The Directory and the Constitution

of the Year III (moderate revolutionaries)

  • Churches reappear, price controls end, propertied assembly elected
  • Left and right uprisings against the government require reliance upon the Army (Napoleon Bonaparte)
ad