Education and the law A summary By Ailish McNamara
What it is: • Education Law is the area of law that relates to schools, school systems and school boards that provide education to children, adults and special needs children alike.
Free primary education • In Ireland, all children are entitled to free primary and post primary education. • Children who are newcomers to Ireland, (whether they are asylum seekers or refugees), have the same rights to education as Irish children. • They must attend school between the ages of 6 and 16.
The constitution • Article 42 of the Constitution deals with Education.
Summary of what the article says: • The family is the main source of education for the child. Parents are entitled to provide education outside the school system if they wish. • The State is not allowed to force parents to send their children to any school or any particular kind of school.
Special Needs Education • Children with special needs have a constitutional right to free primary education. Children with special educational needs have the right to free primary education up to 18 years of age. • Many children with disabilities or special needs are in ordinary classes in mainstream schools. They get help from learning support teachers and from special needs assistants
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