Implications of the climate change debate on land tenure in the Amazon. Paulo Barreto Senior Researcher at Imazon. Climate change. Adaptation. Mitigation. Avoided deforestaton. Reforestation Aforestation. Biofuel. Conventional. 2nd generation. Increased environmental enforcement.
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Senior Researcher at Imazon
Climate change the Amazon
in old ocupations
in new occupations
Total size: the Amazon
5.2 million Km2
4.1 million Km2
~ 23 million people
45% poorThe Brazilian Amazon
Deforestation data: Inpe, 2007
Rough estimates of land tenure status (million hectares and %)
“Private land” tenure status in 2003 (million hectares and %)
Source: National Institute of Agrarian Reform and Colonization (Incra)
Adoption of biofuels
How much? How fast?
Development of 2nd generation biofuels?
Impacts on the environment and food price?
1 Fraiture, C., Giordano, M. & Yongsong, L. Biofuels and implications for agricultural water use: blue impacts of green energy. International Water Management Institute. Colombo, Sri Lanka.
2 Assis, V; Elstrodt, H. & Silva. C. F.C. 2007. Positioning Brazil for biofuels success. The McKinsey Quarterly. McKinsey & Company.
% increase by 2020 compared to 2005
Source of data: Msangi, S. et al. 2007. Global Scenarios for Biofuels: Impacts and Implications.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
old pastsures outside
Corn and soybeans
in old pastsures inside
and outside Amazon
of cattle ranching
to the Amazon
Cattle heads in the Amazon and remainder of Brazil
Amazon´s share of the Brazilian cattle herd
Hectares of sugarcane to the Amazon
Brazil´s ethanol exports 2001-2006Growth of sugarcane plantation in Brazil
Million cattle head in São Paulo – 1990-2006
Source of data: Anualpec 2002, 2004 and 2007.
Source of data: IBGE – Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics
Number and area of
Number of families involved in occupations 1997- 2004
Source of data: Comissão Pastoral da Terra (Catholic Church Land Commission)
Growth of land reform settlements
Creation of protected areas