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Overview of Integrated Landscape Land Use Planning. Mike Chaveas, US Forest Service International Programs CARPE Inception Workshop Yaoundé, Cameroon February 8 th , 2007. Overview of Integrated Landscape Land Use Planning. Evolution of the CARPE landscape approach

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Overview of Integrated Landscape Land Use Planning

Mike Chaveas, US Forest Service

International Programs

CARPE Inception Workshop

Yaoundé, Cameroon

February 8th, 2007

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Overview of Integrated Landscape Land Use Planning

  • Evolution of the CARPE landscape approach

  • Reasons to Plan on Landscape scale

  • LUP in CARPE Context

  • Planning Concepts and Components

  • Zoning

  • Landscape and Macro-Zone Planning Guides

  • Role USFS Can Play

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Evolution of the CARPE Landscape Approach

  • Desire to focus USAID conservation funding on priority regions

  • Areas of concern or high importance chosen to work on larger scale

  • However, focus of activities still heavily on Protected Areas

  • USFS was asked to assist with planning processes at the landscape scale

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CARPE Results Framework:

Reduce the rate of forest degradation and loss of biodiversity through increased local, national, and regional natural resource management capacity.

  • Intermediate Result 1

    • Natural resources managed sustainably

      • Ind 1: Number of landscapes and other focal areas covered by integrated land use plans

      • Ind 2: Number of different use-zones (e.g., parks & PAs; CBNRM areas; forestry concessions; plantations) within landscapes with sustainable management plans

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Why the USFS?

  • Manage ~90 million Hectares under a Multiple Use Mandate

  • Focus land use planning on landscape scale, working with local communities, conservation organizations and industry

  • Attempt to balance ecologic, social and economic needs

  • Individual and agency experience in the region, Africa and the world

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Why Landscape Planning?

  • Address issues larger than any single protected area

  • Assess broader, wide-ranging trends, influences, and impacts and identify the appropriate management strategies

  • Considers ecological, social and economic aspects of conservation

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Why Landscape Planning?

  • Broaden stakeholder involvement

  • Improve collaboration between multiple management authorities and other partners

  • Planning efficiency: planning cost/hectare and improved prioritization of use of limited resources.

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Why Landscape Planning Now?

  • Concern timing is not appropriate

  • Management is Happening Now

    • Concessions being granted

    • Timber cut, oil and minerals extracted

    • Bushmeat being hunted

    • Land being cleared for agriculture

    • Stakeholders not properly represented

  • Planning can improve this management

  • Plan will not be perfect on first draft, but still useful

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What a Landscape Plan Is Not

  • In CARPE context, not intended to achieve formal government designation or have landscape recognized as official unit of management

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What a Landscape Plan Is

  • Establishes Goals, Objectives, Responsibilities and Priorities

  • Defines:

    • What you want the land to look like and what you want to get from it;

    • How you’ll work to get it that way;

    • Who will work get it that way; and

    • When they’d like to get it that way.

  • Identifies knowledge gaps and fills knowledge gaps

  • Monitoring tool for USAID/CARPE management

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Landscape Planning in the CARPE Context

  • Plans demonstrate how CARPE implementing partners:

    • 1) assess and analyze issues, activities, resources and uses;

    • 2) identify current resource protection priorities and trends;

    • 3) consult, collaborate, and integrate stakeholders; and

    • 4) focus management activities to achieve desired conditions.

  • Plans serve as performance monitoring tools for CARPE management

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Landscape Planning in the CARPE Context

  • CARPE implementing partners are not the land management authority, therefore to be effective must:

    • Form strong partnerships with government agencies

    • Work through consensus of local communities and other stakeholders

    • Form alliances with industry

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Landscape Planning in the CARPE Context

  • CARPE landscape land use planning prioritizes three types of “macro-zones”:

    • Protected Areas (PA),

    • Community Based Natural Resource

      Management (CBNRM) zones,

    • Extractive Resource

      Zones (ERZ).

  • Macro-zone

    management plans

    incorporated into

    overarching Integrated

    Landscape Land Use Plan

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CARPE Land Use Planning Guides

Integrated Landscape Land Use Plan

CBNRM Plan(s)

ERZ Plan(s)

Protected Area Plan(s)

  • Landscape level plan sets broad goals, objectives,

  • Macro-zone plans deal with management details

  • USFS produced guides

    • - Target audience

  • - Provides “Tasks” for completion

  • NGO approach will differ depending on presence of formal authority

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Key Planning Concepts

  • Adaptive Management and Planning

  • Perfect Information Does Not Exist

    • Planning helps identify critical gaps

  • Prioritization of the Use of Limited Resources

  • Desired Condition Planning

  • Simplify, simplify, simplify

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Key Plan Components

  • Desired Conditions

  • Objectives

  • Macro and Micro-zones

  • Guidelines

  • Implementation Schedules

  • Monitoring and Information Needs Assessment

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Planning Constants

  • Prioritizing use of Resources

  • Clearly articulating goals

  • Identifying and engaging stakeholders

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  • Macro-Zones:

    • Delineated at Landscape planning level

      • Often already established (PAs, legal extraction concessions)

      • Refined at Macro-zone planning level

    • Macro-Zoning entire landscape?

  • Micro-Zones:

    • Delineated at level of PA, CBNRM and ERZ plans

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Integrated Landscape Land Use Planning Guide

  • Landscape is a CARPE construct

  • Not intended to force recognition of landscape by national governments as a legal entity

  • Tool for implementing NGOs in planning their approach on landscape

  • Standardizes the process

  • Desired Conditions and Objectives set broad goals for NGOs operations across macro-zones in landscape.

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Protected Area Planning Guide

  • Refining boundaries

  • Evaluating PA’s official status and management capacity of Gov authority

  • Describing Desired Conditions

  • Identifying management

    Objectives to achieve

    Desired Conditions

  • Defining Guidelines

  • Micro-zoning

  • Monitoring and Feedback

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PA Planning Challenges and Lessons

  • Hesitant to embrace adaptive management

  • People in parks

  • Resource prioritization and partnerships

  • Tendency toward large descriptive documents

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  • Different management needs and objectives in different parts of macro-zone

  • Management actions should differ from rest of macro-zone to create a micro-zone

  • Entire macro-zone need not be micro-zoned

  • Fewer micro-zones is preferable

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CBNRM Planning Guide

  • Assist in organization of communities to help them manage their resources

  • Identifying “communities” and prioritizing which to work with

  • Ensuring full participation/representation

  • Desired Conditions/Objectives of the community (may not

    match yours)

  • Micro-zoning based

    on needs of


  • Guidelines

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ERZ Planning Guide

  • Not creating a operational management plan

  • What to look for in a responsible timber or mining management plan

  • Partnership opportunities. Role of NGO may vary widely:

    • Assist with wildlife/habitat safeguards

    • Working with community stakeholders

    • Wider ranging

      environmental safeguards

    • Providing incentives for

      improved management

  • Plan to find your niche

    in the ERZ

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How The USFS Can Assist

  • Guides

  • Technical assistance on planning as a whole or components of plans as process moves forward

  • Government to Government relations

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Thank you for your attention!Questions / Discussion