Making the peace and winning the war
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Making the Peace and Winning the War. Sections 4 and 5. End of War. Italy switches sides to Britain and France, promised lands Russia leaves the war-they were completely unprepared for it. . Wilson’s 14 points Intro. President Woodrow Wilson issued his 14 points -

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End of war
End of War

  • Italy switches sides to Britain and France, promised lands

  • Russia leaves the war-they were completely unprepared for it.


Wilson s 14 points intro
Wilson’s 14 points Intro

  • President Woodrow Wilson issued his 14 points-

    • a list of terms for resolving this and future wars.

  • After all, the ‘Great War’ was supposed to be “the war to end all wars”

  • Vocab: Self-determination-

    • The right of people to choose their own form of government.


Making the peace and winning the war
Task:

  • Read the excerpts from Wilson’s 14 points and take notes as you go

    • Summarize the main idea of each point


Review of wilson s goals
Review of Wilson’s Goals

  • Spreading democracy: the citizens of other nations should have the freedom to choose representative or democratic government.

  • Open markets: nations should work to lower barriers to free trade among themselves.

  • International organization dedicated to keeping peace: by joining together and promising to protect each other, democratic nations could deter wars of aggression and conquest.


The paris peace conference
The Paris Peace Conference

  • The Costs of War were heavily considered

    • Human: 16 million deaths and 20 million wounded

    • Financial: $196.5 billion (adjusted)

  • The conference had trouble making peace, was faced with conflicting demands and a vengeful Europe looking to blame/punish Germany.

  • The Treaty of Versailles is signed June 1919 to officially end the war.


Making the peace and winning the war
Task:

  • Now that we have reviewed Wilson’s 14 points and the foreign policy goals he hoped they would achieve, how did Wilson’s points actually compare to the resulting peace treaty?

    • Match the points with excerpts from the treaty


Results of the treaty
Results of the Treaty

  • New Nations emerge in Eastern Europe

  • Italy gained less territory than promised

  • Japan felt ignored

  • Growth of Nationalism in Colonies that had helped fight the war but were denied independence

  • Germany was harshly punished:

    • Lost more than 10% of their territory

    • Lost all their colonies

    • Required to disarm

    • Had to pay expensive reparations (war damages)

    • Forced to take all the blame

  • These nations (especially Germany) felt betrayed, angry, resentful


Making the peace and winning the war

Results of the War

*Find the Differences!


Task reflect
Task: Reflect

  • If you were a supporter of Wilsonian foreign policy, would you support the Treaty of Versailles? Why or why not?

  • Does the Treaty of Versailles create a lasting peace plan for the world? Explain why or why not.


Task reactions to the treaty
Task:Reactions to the Treaty

  • Now that we have reviewed the Treaty and it’s results let’s examine how each of the major power’s reacted.

  • You will be a member of a country:

    • 1=Germany

    • 2= US

    • 3=France

    • 4=Britain

  • Using the primary source packet answer the following questions that apply to your sources

  • Write a report of your nation’s reactions to share with the class


Task reactions
Task: Reactions

  • Now that we have reviewed the Treaty and it’s results let’s examine how each of the major power’s reacted.

  • Using the primary sources answer the questions that follow at the back of the packet.